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Table 2 Data availability for the EURO-HEALTHY PHI Indicators, according to the geographical scale and reference year

From: Evaluation of data availability on population health indicators at the regional level across the European Union

Component Dimension Indicator Source Geographical scale Reference year Data availability (%)
NUTS2 (n = 269) Country (N = 28)
Health Determinants Area of concern: Economic conditions, social protection and security
Employment Unemployment rate (%) EUROSTAT NUTS 2 2014 99.6  
Long-term unemployment rate—12 months and more (%) EUROSTAT NUTS 2 2014 97.4
Income and living conditions Disposable income of private households per capita (Euro per inhabitant) EUROSTAT NUTS 2 2012 99.3
People at risk of poverty or social exclusion (%) EUROSTAT NUTS 2 2014 21.9
Disposable income ratio—S80/S20 (ratio) EUROSTAT Country 2014   92.9
Social protection Expenditure on care for elderly (% of GDP) EUROSTAT Country 2008 96.4
Security Crimes recorded by the police per 100.000 inhabitants EURO-HEALTHY/EUROSTAT NUTS 2 2010 65.4  
Area of concern: Education
Education Population aged 25–64 with upper secondary or tertiary education attainment (%) EUROSTAT NUTS 2 2014 99.3  
Early leavers from education and training (%) EUROSTAT NUTS 2 2014 93.3
Area of concern: Demographic change
Ageing Rate of older people at risk of poverty—aged 65 years or over (%) EUROSTAT Country 2013   92.9
Ageing index (ratio) EURO-HEALTHY/EUROSTAT NUTS 2 2014 100.0  
Area of concern: Lifestyle and health behaviours
Lifestyle and health behaviours Adults who are obese (%) EUROSTAT Country 2008   96.4
Daily smokers—aged 15 and over (%) OECD Country 2013 35.7
Pure alcohol consumption—aged 15 and over (litres per capita) HFA-DB Country 2013 28.6
Live births by mothers under age of 20 (%) EURO-HEALTHY/EUROSTAT NUTS 2 2013 85.9  
Area of concern: Physical environment
Pollution Annual mean of the daily PM2.5 concentrations (μg/m3) EURO-HEALTHY/EEA NUTS 2 2011 98.9  
Annual mean of the daily PM10 concentrations (μg/m3) EURO-HEALTHY/EEA NUTS 2 2011 98.9
Greenhouse Gas (GHG), total tonnes of CO2 eq. emissions per annum per capita EUROSTAT Country 2012   100.0
Area of concern: Built environment
Housing conditions Average number of rooms per person EUROSTAT NUTS 2 2014 35.3  
Households without indoor flushing toilet (%) EURO-HEALTHY/EUROSTAT NUTS 2 2011 97.4
Households without central heating (%) EURO-HEALTHY/EUROSTAT NUTS 2 2011 96.7  
Water and sanitation Population connected to wastewater treatment plants EUROSTAT Country 2014   25.0
Population connected to public water supply EUROSTAT NUTS 2 2013 14.5  
Waste management Recycling rate of municipal waste (%) EUROSTAT Country 2013   100.0
Area of concern: Road safety
Road safety Victims in road accidents—injured and killed, per 100,000 inhabitants EURO-HEALTHY/EUROSTAT NUTS 2 2013 91.5  
Fatality rate due to road traffic accidents, per 1000 victims EURO-HEALTHY/EUROSTAT NUTS 2 2013 91.5
Area of concern: Healthcare resources and expenditure
Healthcare resources Medical doctors, per 100,000 inhabitants EUROSTAT NUTS 2 2013 61.4  
Health personnel (nurses and midwives, dentists, pharmacists and physiotherapists), per 100,000 inhabitants EURO-HEALTHY/EUROSTAT NUTS 2 2013 44.6
Healthcare expenditure Total health expenditure (THE), PPP$ per capita, WHO estimates HFA-DB Country 2013   100.0
Private households’ out-of-pocket on health as percentage of total health expenditure (THE) HFA-DB Country 2013 100.0
Public expenditure on health, PPP$ per capita, WHO estimates HFA-DB Country 2013 100.0
Area of concern: Healthcare performance
Healthcare performance Hospital discharges due to diabetes, hypertension and asthma, per 100,000 inhabitants EURO-HEALTHY/EUROSTAT NUTS 2 2013 32.7  
Amenable deaths due to health care—standardised death rate, per 100,000 inhabitants EURO-HEALTHY/EUROSTAT NUTS 2 2011–13 38.3
Health Outcomes Area of concern: Health outcomes
Mortality Life expectancy at birth (years) EUROSTAT NUTS 2 2013 85.9  
Infant mortality, per 1000 live births EUROSTAT NUTS 2 2011–13 99.6
Preventable deaths - standardised death rate, per 100,000 inhabitants EURO-HEALTHY/EUROSTAT NUTS 2 2011–13 24.9
Morbidity Self-perceived health less than good (%) EUROSTAT Country 2013   100.0
Age-standardised disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rates HFA-DB Country 2012 100.0
Low birth-weight (%) EURO-HEALHTY/ HFA-DB/ EUROSTAT Country 2013 64.3
  1. For indicators collected directly from official data sources, the name of the statistics producer appears in the ‘source’ column. For the indicators derived from data collected from official data sources, EURO-HEALTHY and the name of the statistics producer appear in the ‘source’ column
  2. The table presents two different things: (1) the PHI model structure with the PHI’s components, areas of concern, dimensions and indicators; and (2) General information about the indicators as to where they are available