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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients by lack of awareness of diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia

From: Prevalence, determinants and association of unawareness of diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia with poor disease control in a multi-ethnic Asian population without cardiovascular disease

 DiabetesHypertensionHypercholesterolemia
 Mean (SD)/N (%)Mean (SD)/N (%)Mean (SD)/N (%)
VariableAware
(N = 1649)
Unaware
(N = 731)
P valueAware
(N = 3067)
Unaware
(N = 2319)
P valueAware
(N = 2132)
Unaware
(N = 1475)
P value
Age (years)62.0 (9.59)59.2 (10.4)< 0.00162.8 (9.67)59.7 (10.4)< 0.00161.6 (9.52)59.0 (10.2)< 0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2)26.7 (4.58)27.3 (4.98)0.00126.5 (4.81)25.3 (4.54)< 0.00126.0 (4.42)25.3 (4.54)< 0.001
Number of self-reported comorbid conditions*0.61 (0.75)0.39 (0.61)< 0.0010.54 (0.72)0.40 (0.62)< 0.0010.56 (0.74)0.37 (0.59)< 0.001
Self-reported hypercholesterolemia998 (61.9)216 (30.4)< 0.0011701 (57.0)424 (18.6)< 0.001
Self-reported hypertension1008 (61.2)270 (37.1)< 0.0011337 (62.9)328 (22.3)< 0.001
Self-reported diabetes1008 (33.0)329 (14.2)< 0.001770 (36.2)180 (12.2)< 0.001
Gender
 Male759 (46.0)376 (51.4)0.0151354 (44.1)1180 (50.9)< 0.001928 (43.5)660 (44.7)0.5
 Female890 (54.0)355 (48.6) 1713 (55.9)1139 (49.1) 1204 (56.5)815 (55.3) 
Race
 Malay519 (31.5)337 (46.1)< 0.0011022 (33.3)931 (40.1)< 0.001470 (22.0)602 (40.8)< 0.001
 Indian771 (46.8)249 (34.1) 968 (31.6)641 (27.6) 796 (37.3)393 (26.6) 
 Chinese359 (21.8)145 (19.8) 1077 (35.1)747 (32.2) 866 (40.6)480 (32.5) 
Income < S$10001059 (65.2)406 (56.7)< 0.0011956 (65.0)1328 (58.2)< 0.0011229 (58.8)843 (57.9)0.6
≤ 6 years education1139 (69.1)494 (67.6)0.52117 (69.1)1520 (65.6)0.0071308 (61.4)960 (65.1)0.022
Current smoker190 (11.5)129 (17.6)< 0.001311 (10.2)402 (17.4)< 0.001214 (10.1)275 (18.7)< 0.001
Alcohol drinker117 (7.12)46 (6.29)0.5221 (7.22)214 (9.24)0.007168 (7.88)98 (6.66)0.2
Lives alone94 (5.71)34 (4.66)0.3165 (5.40)107 (4.62)0.2107 (5.03)80 (5.44)0.6
Works outdoor92 (5.58)46 (6.29)0.5154 (5.02)153 (6.60)0.014101 (4.74)102 (6.92)0.005
Occupation
 Professionals and office workers224 (13.6)129 (17.6)< 0.001430 (14.0)376 (16.2)< 0.001411 (19.3)227 (15.4)< 0.001
 Service workers, production workers or cleaners432 (26.2)241 (33.0) 808 (26.4)738 (31.8) 568 (26.7)491 (33.3) 
 Homemakers, retirees, unemployed or others992 (60.2)361 (49.4) 1827 (59.6)1205 (52.0) 1152 (54.1)757 (51.3) 
Marital Status
 Never married63 (3.83)35 (4.79)0.003142 (4.63)128 (5.53)< 0.00199 (4.65)102 (6.92)0.006
 Married1225 (74.4)580 (79.5) 2251 (73.4)1784 (77.1) 1638 (76.9)1090 (74.0) 
 Separated or divorced53 (3.22)24 (3.29) 102 (3.33)94 (4.06) 72 (3.38)67 (4.55) 
 Widowed306 (18.6)91 (12.5) 570 (18.6)309 (13.3) 322 (15.1)214 (14.5) 
Housing
 5 room HDB and above426 (25.8)196 (26.8)0.6863 (28.2)621 (26.8)0.3712 (33.4)384 (26.1)< 0.001
 3-4 room HDB or less1222 (74.2)535 (73.2) 2200 (71.8)1697 (73.2) 1418 (66.6)1090 (73.9) 
  1. HDB Housing Development Board
  2. *Includes ocular (cataract, myopia, age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, eye trauma) and systemic non-CVD (e.g. thyroid disease) conditions
  3. Values in italics: P <0.05