Skip to main content


Table 5 Association between lack of awareness of diabetes, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia and respective poor clinical control in multivariable models

From: Prevalence, determinants and association of unawareness of diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia with poor disease control in a multi-ethnic Asian population without cardiovascular disease

 OR (95% CI)P valueOR (95% CI)P valueOR (95% CI)P value
Lack of awareness0.51 (0.40, 0.66)< 0.0017.65 (6.18, 9.46)< 0.00114.58 (11.41, 18.63)< 0.001
  1. Adjusted for age, gender, ethnicity, body mass index, self-reported non-cardiovascular comorbidity, income, education, smoking, occupation, marital status, housing
  2. Additionally adjusted for duration of diabetes, systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol and HDL cholesterol, self-reported hypertension and self-reported hypercholesterolemia
  3. Additionally adjusted for HbA1c, total cholesterol and HDL cholesterol, self-reported diabetes and self-reported hypercholesterolemia
  4. #Additionally adjusted for HbA1c, systolic blood pressure, self-reported diabetes and self-reported hypertension
  5. Values in italics: P <0.05