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Table 3 Multilevel model estimates

From: Reweighting national survey data for small area behaviour estimates: modelling alcohol consumption in Local Authorities in England

  Consumption band
1 2 3 4 5 6
Sex-age group
 Male 18–24 (ref) (ref) (ref) (ref) (ref) (ref)
 Female 18–24 (ref) − 0.51*** − 0.52*** − 0.94*** − 0.56* − 1.01***
  (0.14) (0.19) (0.26) (0.34) (0.28)
 Male 25–34 (ref) 0.02 0.04 − 0.19 − 0.02 − 0.12
  (0.12) (0.16) (0.20) (0.28) (0.21)
 Female 25–34 (ref) − 0.62*** − 0.77*** − 1.41*** − 0.98*** − 1.63***
  (0.13) (0.17) (0.24) (0.31) (0.26)
 Male 35–54 (ref) − 0.04 0.37** − 0.01 0.38 0.02
  (0.12) (0.15) (0.19) (0.26) (0.19)
 Female 35–54 (ref) − 0.50*** − 0.56*** − 1.00*** − 0.65** − 1.04***
  (0.11) (0.15) (0.18) (0.26) (0.19)
 Male 55+ (ref) − 0.27* 0.25 − 0.17 0.18 − 0.24
  (0.14) (0.18) (0.24) (0.30) (0.24)
 Female 55+ (ref) − 0.78*** − 0.73*** − 1.38*** − 0.74*** − 1.84***
  (0.11) (0.15) (0.19) (0.26) (0.21)
IMD quintile
 1 (least deprived) (ref) (ref) (ref) (ref) (ref) (ref)
 2 (ref) − 0.06 0.02 − 0.06 − 0.05 − 0.14
  (0.06) (0.07) (0.10) (0.13) (0.11)
 3 (ref) − 0.10* − 0.19** − 0.24** − 0.03 − 0.15
  (0.06) (0.07) (0.11) (0.13) (0.11)
 4 (ref) − 0.23*** − 0.19** − 0.32*** − 0.13 − 0.17
  (0.06) (0.08) (0.11) (0.14) (0.12)
 5 (most deprived) (ref) − 0.40*** − 0.23*** − 0.42*** − 0.04 − 0.08
  (0.07) (0.09) (0.13) (0.14) (0.12)
Ethnicity
 White (ref) (ref) (ref) (ref) (ref) (ref)
 Asian (ref) − 0.85*** − 1.10*** − 1.28*** − 1.11*** − 1.52***
  (0.13) (0.19) (0.31) (0.34) (0.36)
 Other (ref) − 0.75*** − 0.97*** − 0.73*** − 1.07*** − 0.68***
  (0.13) (0.18) (0.24) (0.33) (0.25)
Local characteristics
 Alc-attributable hospital admissions (ref) 34.28* 1.33 12.94 57.19 68.67**
  (20.16) (24.80) (34.05) (37.72) (32.24)
 Alc-related mortality (ref) − 173.78 − 337.27 18.14 − 695.60 1248.77*
  (377.08) (479.48) (668.24) (720.45) (671.42)
 UTLA multi-level effect (ref) 1.00 1.29*** 1.67*** 1.60*** 1.63***
  (.) (0.30) (0.44) (0.47) (0.44)
 Constant (ref) − 0.73*** − 1.28*** − 1.85*** − 2.69*** − 2.82***
  (0.18) (0.23) (0.31) (0.37) (0.32)
 Multi-level variance 0.02**      
(0.01)      
 Observations 20,422 20,422 20,422 20,422 20,422 20,422
  1. Standard errors in parentheses. Significance: *p < 0.1, **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.01
  2. Log-Likelihood, − 24,065; Pseudo-R2, N/A; AIC, 48,299; BIC, 48,973