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Table 1 Characteristics of the studies used to estimate the burden of depressive disorders in Brazil, GBD-2017

From: Depressive disorders in Brazil: results from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017

Author(s) Location of studies Area Age range (years) Instruments Sample size % of women
Andrade et al. 2002 [12] São Paulo (Catchment area study) Urban ≥ 18 CIDI 1464 57.5
Andrade et al. 2012 [13] São Paulo (Megacity study) Urban ≥ 18 CIDI 5037 56.6
Kessler et al. 2010 [14] São Paulo (Megacity study) Urban ≥ 18 CIDI 5037 56.6
Anselmi et al. 2010 [15] Pelotas -RGS (Brazilian Birth Cohort Study) Urban ≥ 18 SDQ
DAWBA
4452 50.3
Bahls, 2002 [16] Curitiba—PR Urban 10–17 CDI 463 58.1
Barcelos-Ferreira et al. 2013 [17] São Paulo—SP Urban ≥ 60 D-10
CAMDEX
CAMCOG
1563 68.7
Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), 2013 [7] Brazil (PNAD) Mixed ≥ 18 PHQ-9 60202 52.9
Center for Scientific and Technological Information, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation and World Health Organization (WHO), 2005 [18] Brazil (WHS) Mixed ≥  18 Version of CIDI 5000 51.54
Chiavegatto Filho et al. 2013 [19] São Paulo (Megacity study) Urban ≥  18 CIDI 3542 55.9
Coelho et al. 2013 [20] Brazil (Brazilian alcohol survey) Mixed ≥ 14 CES-D 3007 52.9
Costa et al. 2007 [21] Bambuí—MG (BHAS) Urban ≥ 75 GHQ-12
GDS-30
MMSE
392 62.5
Da Silva et al. 2013 [22] São Paulo (São Paulo Ageing and Health Study) Urban ≥ 65 GMS
NPI
2072 39.4
Fleitlich-Bilyk et al. 2004 [23] Taubaté—SP Mixed 7-14 DAWBA 1251 47
Lopez et al. 2011 [24] Pelotas—RGS Urban 18-24 MINI 5.0 1560 56.4
Petresco et al. 2014 [25] Pelotas -RGS (2004 Pelotas Birth Cohort) Urban 6 DAWBA 3585 48.7
Ribeiro et al. 2013 [26] Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo Urban 15-75 CIDI 3744 56.7
Salum et al. 2015 [27] São Paulo and Porto Alegre (High risk cohort study) Urban 6-12 DAWBA 2512 46.9
Vorcaro et al. 2001 [28] Bambuí—MG (BHS) Urban ≥ 18 CIDI 1041 56.5
  1. BHAS Bambuí Health Ageing Study, BHS Bambuí Health Survey, CAMDEX Cambridge Mental Disorders of the Elderly Examination, CAMGOG Brief neuropsychological testing (cognitive section of the CAMDEX), CDI Children’s Depression Inventory, CES-D Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, D-10 Brief instrument for screening of depressive disorders in elderly people, DAWBA Development and Well-Being Assessment, GDS-30 Geriatric Depression Scale, GHQ-12 General Health Questionnaire, GMS Geriatric Mental Status, MINI Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview, MG Minas Gerais, MMSE Mini-Mental State Examination, NPI Neuropsychiatric Inventory, PNAD Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios (National Household Sample Survey), PHQ-9 Patient Health Questionnaire, PR Paraná, RGS Rio Grande do Sul, RJ Rio de Janeiro, SDQ Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, SP São Paulo, WHS World Health Survey