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Table 2 All age deaths and DALYs, in 1990 and 2017, and percent change of deaths and age-standardized death rates, DALYs, and age-standardized DALY rates between 1990 and 2017 attributable to high blood pressure in Brazil and federal units

From: Trends in prevalence, mortality, and morbidity associated with high systolic blood pressure in Brazil from 1990 to 2017: estimates from the “Global Burden of Disease 2017” (GBD 2017) study

  DALYs Deaths
All ages numbers Crude rates (per 100,000) Age-standardized rates All ages numbers Crude rates (per 100,000) Age-standardized rates
1990 2017 Percent change 1990 2017 Percent change 1990 2017 Percent change 1990 2017 Percent change 1990 2017 Percent change 1990 2017 Percent change
Brazil 3,691,929 (3,335,055 to 4,041,905) 5,107,773 (4,642,574 to 5,552,133) 38.3 (34.9 to 42.5) 2470.8 (2232 to 2705.1) 2411.5 (2191.8 to 2621.2) − 2.4 (− 4.8 to 0.5) 3891.2 (3511.5 to 4261.9) 2223.8 (2022 to 2416.7) − 42.9 (− 44.1 to − 41.3) 150,250 (135,714 to 164,122) 230,454 (209,698 to 251,499) 53.4 (50 to 57.4) 100.6 (90.8 to 109.8) 108.8 (99 to 118.7) 8.2 (5.8 to 11.1) 189.2 (168.5 to 209.2) 104.8 (94.9 to 114.4) − 44.6 (− 45.9 to − 42.9)
Acre 5239 (4647 to 5853) 12,082 (10,873 to 13,360) 130.6 (115.9 to 145.9) 1258.7 (1116.4 to 1406.3) 1374.3 (1236.8 to 1519.6) 9.2 (2.2 to 16.4) 2897.7 (2577.1 to 3217.9) 1987.7 (1793.2 to 2191.4) − 31.4 (− 35.4 to − 27.1) 211 (188 to 234) 521 (471 to 575) 146.8 (131.9 to 162.3) 50.7 (45.1 to 56.3) 59.3 (53.6 to 65.5) 16.8 (9.8 to 24.2) 147.6 (129.9 to 165.4) 96.6 (87 to 106.9) − 34.6 (− 38.5 to − 30.1)
Alagoas 52,396 (46,885 to 57,637) 88,644 (80,524 to 96,701) 69.2 (60.4 to 78.4) 2034.7 (1820.7 to 2238.2) 2499.5 (2270.6 to 2726.7) 22.8 (16.5 to 29.6) 3680.9 (3308.1 to 4047) 2826.8 (2568.8 to 3078) − 23.2 (− 27 to − 19.2) 2246 (2013 to 2472) 3975 (3610 to 4349) 77 (68.4 to 86.1) 87.2 (78.2 to 96) 112.1 (101.8 to 122.6) 28.5 (22.3 to 35.1) 176.6 (157.9 to 195.1) 133.4 (121.1 to 146.2) − 24.4 (− 28.4 to − 20.5)
Amazonas 20,951 (18,531 to 23,377) 47,618 (42,360 to 52,713) 127.3 (113.4 to 143) 1002.8 (887 to 1118.9) 1173.5 (1043.9 to 1299) 17 (9.9 to 25.1) 2503.5 (2228.5 to 2790.7) 1730.1 (1548.4 to 1910.9) − 30.9 (− 34.8 to − 26.6) 860 (763 to 958) 2073 (1857 to 2291) 140.9 (126.5 to 156.7) 41.2 (36.5 to 45.9) 51.1 (45.8 to 56.5) 24 (16.6 to 32.2) 129.4 (113.3 to 145.8) 85.7 (76.3 to 94.6) − 33.8 (− 37.6 to − 29.2)
Amapá 2596 (2278 to 2916) 9786 (8712 to 10,896) 276.9 (255.8 to 300) 945.3 (829.4 to 1061.7) 1217.8 (1084.2 to 1355.9) 28.8 (21.6 to 36.7) 2424.4 (2142.5 to 2703.4) 1888.9 (1683.2 to 2096.4) − 22.1 (− 26.2 to − 17.7) 103 (91 to 115) 376 (336 to 416) 265.4 (245.8 to 286.3) 37.4 (33.2 to 41.8) 46.8 (41.8 to 51.7) 24.9 (18.2 to 32) 125.2 (108.9 to 142) 86.9 (77.3 to 96.8) − 30.6 (− 34.6 to − 25.9)
Bahia 225,346 (200,492 to 249,576) 364,453 (331,774 to 397,846) 61.7 (50.8 to 73.4) 1845.8 (1642.2 to 2044.2) 2324.1 (2115.7 to 2537.1) 25.9 (17.4 to 35) 3140.5 (2799.8 to 3468) 2298.7 (2091.8 to 2509.9) − 26.8 (− 31.5 to − 21.9) 9698 (8623 to 10,657) 16,825 (15,359 to 18,356) 73.5 (62.7 to 85.5) 79.4 (70.6 to 87.3) 107.3 (97.9 to 117.1) 35.1 (26.7 to 44.5) 148.2 (131.6 to 163.2) 105.7 (96.5 to 115.2) − 28.7 (− 33 to − 23.9)
Ceará 88,548 (75,977 to 100,499) 169,274 (150,764 to 187,672) 91.2 (76.6 to 108.9) 1360.9 (1167.7 to 1544.6) 1740.5 (1550.1 to 1929.6) 27.9 (18.1 to 39.8) 2099.3 (1808.4 to 2378.6) 1727 (1541.3 to 1914.5) − 17.7 (− 23.9 to − 10.3) 3885 (3341 to 4467) 8045 (7078 to 8969) 107.1 (90.8 to 126) 59.7 (51.3 to 68.6) 82.7 (72.8 to 92.2) 38.5 (27.6 to 51.2) 97.3 (83.6 to 112) 81.3 (71.7 to 90.5) − 16.5 (− 23.3 to − 8.9)
Distrito Federal 22,786 (20,013 to 25,471) 40,715 (36,166 to 45,244) 78.7 (67.6 to 93.7) 1408.6 (1237.2 to 1574.6) 1381 (1226.7 to 1534.6) − 2 (− 8.1 to 6.3) 3317.2 (2935.9 to 3680.9) 1625.1 (1434.9 to 1806.8) − 51 (− 53.8 to − 47.5) 788 (697 to 871) 1702 (1505 to 1901) 116 (101.6 to 135.4) 48.7 (43.1 to 53.8) 57.7 (51 to 64.5) 18.5 (10.6 to 29.1) 175.9 (153.6 to 197.7) 90.9 (79.6 to 102.1) − 48.3 (− 51.6 to − 43.6)
Espírito Santo 60,740 (54,355 to 66,814) 88,533 (79,953 to 96,596) 45.8 (38.2 to 54.5) 2303.6 (2061.4 to 2533.9) 2273.7 (2053.3 to 2480.7) − 1.3 (− 6.4 to 4.6) 3994 (3574.6 to 4384.9) 2060.5 (1860.7 to 2247.2) − 48.4 (− 51 to − 45.5) 2518 (2244 to 2771) 4051 (3677 to 4417) 60.9 (53 to 69.6) 95.5 (85.1 to 105.1) 104 (94.4 to 113.4) 8.9 (3.6 to 14.8) 219.7 (192.5 to 245.8) 99.8 (90.4 to 109.2) − 54.6 (− 57.1 to − 51.9)
Goiás 72,787 (64,876 to 80,732) 137,680 (124,090 to 151,725) 89.2 (79.1 to 100.6) 1779.3 (1585.9 to 1973.5) 2039.6 (1838.2 to 2247.6) 14.6 (8.5 to 21.5) 3324 (2970.4 to 3670.4) 1993.9 (1796.5 to 2195.7) − 40 (− 43.1 to − 36.8) 2677 (2387 to 2954) 5774 (5207 to 6388) 115.6 (104.6 to 128.4) 65.4 (58.3 to 72.2) 85.5 (77.1 to 94.6) 30.7 (24 to 38.4) 166.2 (145 to 186.5) 92.5 (83.2 to 102.6) − 44.4 (− 47.3 to − 41.1)
Maranhão 88,093 (77,152 to 99,720) 144,681 (128,472 to 160,157) 64.2 (51.4 to 77.4) 1738.3 (1522.5 to 1967.8) 1828.1 (1623.3 to 2023.7) 5.2 (− 3.1 to 13.6) 3149.6 (2773.6 to 3556.4) 2242.8 (1994.2 to 2478.8) − 28.8 (− 34.1 to − 23.6) 3261 (2856 to 3685) 6440 (5711 to 7117) 97.5 (83.1 to 112.4) 64.3 (56.4 to 72.7) 81.4 (72.2 to 89.9) 26.5 (17.3 to 36) 132 (114.6 to 149.3) 103.8 (92 to 114.8) − 21.4 (− 26.8 to − 15.7)
Minas Gerais 401,227 (355,152 to 444,026) 498,524 (448,406 to 545,161) 24.3 (18.4 to 30.8) 2501.9 (2214.6 to 2768.8) 2343.3 (2107.7 to 2562.5) − 6.3 (− 10.8 to − 1.4) 3842.9 (3418.8 to 4244.4) 1951.8 (1755.8 to 2134.1) − 49.2 (− 51.4 to − 46.6) 16,070 (14,305 to 17,664) 22,200 (20,018 to 24,495) 38.1 (32.1 to 44.9) 100.2 (89.2 to 110.1) 104.3 (94.1 to 115.1) 4.1 (− 0.5 to 9.2) 189.8 (166.5 to 212) 88.1 (79.4 to 97.5) − 53.6 (− 55.8 to − 51)
Mato Grosso do Sul 38,218 (34,310 to 42,151) 71,536 (64,998 to 78,333) 87.2 (77.3 to 99.1) 2121 (1904.1 to 2339.2) 2586.4 (2350 to 2832.2) 21.9 (15.5 to 29.7) 3860.7 (3479.4 to 4232.8) 2493.6 (2261.9 to 2724.1) − 35.4 (− 38.7 to − 31.7) 1458 (1311 to 1603) 3094 (2790 to 3389) 112.2 (101.2 to 124.6) 80.9 (72.7 to 89) 111.9 (100.9 to 122.5) 38.2 (31 to 46.3) 186.5 (164.9 to 208.2) 117.1 (105.4 to 128.8) − 37.2 (− 40.5 to − 33.5)
Mato Grosso 27,107 (23,355 to 30,690) 61,985 (55,391 to 68,518) 128.7 (110.2 to 149) 1357.6 (1169.6 to 1537) 1773.9 (1585.2 to 1960.8) 30.7 (20.1 to 42.3) 3001.2 (2603.9 to 3369.2) 1925.4 (1720.6 to 2123.3) − 35.8 (− 40.5 to − 31) 986 (851 to 1115) 2560 (2290 to 2821) 159.7 (140.6 to 182) 49.4 (42.6 to 55.9) 73.3 (65.5 to 80.7) 48.4 (37.5 to 61.1) 144.2 (125.1 to 164.9) 92.1 (82.3 to 102.1) − 36.1 (− 40.9 to − 31.2)
Pará 64,966 (57,161 to 72,834) 136,450 (121,642 to 151,330) 110 (96.8 to 124.8) 1322.1 (1163.3 to 1482.2) 1524.5 (1359.1 to 1690.8) 15.3 (8.1 to 23.4) 2870.9 (2536.1 to 3205) 2012.8 (1793 to 2228.1) − 29.9 (− 34.2 to − 25.2) 2723 (2400 to 3046) 5832 (5194 to 6483) 114.2 (100.6 to 129.4) 55.4 (48.8 to 62) 65.2 (58 to 72.4) 17.6 (10.1 to 25.9) 144.3 (126.5 to 163.2) 94.6 (84.1 to 105.2) − 34.4 (− 38.7 to − 30.1)
Paraíba 65,331 (57,817 to 72,834) 104,999 (93,606 to 116,692) 60.7 (46.8 to 76.1) 1990.1 (1761.2 to 2218.7) 2457.2 (2190.6 to 2730.9) 23.5 (12.8 to 35.3) 2792.8 (2473.7 to 3106.4) 2307.4 (2057.2 to 2561.1) − 17.4 (− 24.5 to − 9.6) 3041 (2673 to 3402) 5126 (4534 to 5790) 68.6 (54.2 to 85.2) 92.6 (81.4 to 103.6) 120 (106.1 to 135.5) 29.5 (18.5 to 42.3) 135.8 (118.9 to 152.5) 109.8 (97.2 to 123.8) − 19.1 (− 26.1 to − 11.1)
Paraná 234,401 (211,813 to 255,385) 293,998 (267,094 to 320,622) 25.4 (19.5 to 31.8) 2731.8 (2468.5 to 2976.3) 2627.8 (2387.4 to 2865.8) − 3.8 (− 8.3 to 1.1) 4625.7 (4165.8 to 5051.9) 2276.7 (2068.1 to 2481.4) − 50.8 (− 52.9 to − 48.4) 9572 (8642 to 10,434) 13,632 (12,366 to 14,927) 42.4 (36.3 to 49.2) 111.6 (100.7 to 121.6) 121.9 (110.5 to 133.4) 9.2 (4.6 to 14.4) 247.6 (217.7 to 274.9) 114.1 (103 to 125.4) − 53.9 (− 55.8 to − 51.4)
Pernambuco 180,635 (162,042 to 198,421) 260,906 (236,375 to 287,057) 44.4 (37.4 to 51.5) 2462.6 (2209.1 to 2705.1) 2619.2 (2372.9 to 2881.7) 6.4 (1.1 to 11.6) 3848.1 (3446.8 to 4227.8) 2605.7 (2361.7 to 2858.2) − 32.3 (− 35.5 to − 29.1) 7774 (6954 to 8560) 11,647 (10,413 to 12,872) 49.8 (42.7 to 57.1) 106 (94.8 to 116.7) 116.9 (104.5 to 129.2) 10.3 (5.1 to 15.7) 190.8 (169.4 to 213.1) 120.5 (107.6 to 133.3) − 36.9 (− 40 to − 33.4)
Piaui 43,007 (37,685 to 48,236) 75,266 (67,613 to 82,357) 75 (63 to 89.1) 1613.6 (1413.9 to 1809.8) 2102.1 (1888.4 to 2300.2) 30.3 (21.4 to 40.8) 2865.2 (2507.2 to 3205) 2088.8 (1877.5 to 2282.6) − 27.1 (− 31.9 to − 21.6) 1845 (1615 to 2065) 3617 (3229 to 3984) 96.1 (82.5 to 112.2) 69.2 (60.6 to 77.5) 101 (90.2 to 111.3) 46 (35.9 to 58) 139 (121.7 to 156.2) 100.4 (89.6 to 110.6) − 27.8 (− 32.5 to − 22.1)
Rio de Janeiro 553,453 (499,463 to 606,160) 591,403 (537,174 to 647,548) 6.9 (2.1 to 12.3) 4216.4 (3805.1 to 4617.9) 3397.3 (3085.8 to 3719.8) − 19.4 (− 23 to − 15.3) 5324.9 (4792.2 to 5841.2) 2701.1 (2448.4 to 2958.1) − 49.3 (− 51.4 to − 46.9) 21,493 (19,362 to 23,541) 25,956 (23,460 to 28,415) 20.8 (15.4 to 27) 163.7 (147.5 to 179.3) 149.1 (134.8 to 163.2) − 8.9 (− 13 to − 4.3) 251.9 (223.4 to 280.8) 121.5 (109.5 to 133.2) − 51.8 (− 53.9 to − 49.3)
Rio Grande do Norte 37,770 (33,422 to 42,134) 74,869 (67,367 to 82,559) 98.2 (83.9 to 114.3) 1527.4 (1351.6 to 1703.9) 2060.2 (1853.8 to 2271.8) 34.9 (25.2 to 45.8) 2301.3 (2032.1 to 2562.9) 2004.9 (1802.2 to 2211.1) − 12.9 (− 19.1 to − 6) 1771 (1543 to 2008) 3539 (3162 to 3943) 99.9 (83.6 to 116.6) 71.6 (62.4 to 81.2) 97.4 (87 to 108.5) 36 (24.9 to 47.4) 112.3 (97.5 to 128) 93.6 (83.8 to 104.2) − 16.6 (− 23.2 to − 9.5)
Rondônia 15,737 (13,723 to 17,908) 31,837 (27,741 to 36,407) 102.3 (77.2 to 128.7) 1413.5 (1232.6 to 1608.4) 1841.1 (1604.2 to 2105.3) 30.3 (14.1 to 47.2) 3702.4 (3253.9 to 4158.8) 2125.5 (1853.1 to 2428.3) − 42.6 (− 49.1 to − 35.5) 526 (460 to 594) 1353 (1180 to 1546) 157.3 (125.6 to 193.5) 47.2 (41.3 to 53.4) 78.3 (68.2 to 89.4) 65.7 (45.3 to 89) 182.7 (159.6 to 207.5) 104.2 (90.9 to 119.1) − 42.9 (− 49.1 to − 35.8)
Roraima 2323 (1990 to 2676) 7329 (6391 to 8439) 215.5 (171.9 to 264.9) 1106.1 (947.3 to 1274.1) 1297.5 (1131.5 to 1494) 17.3 (1.1 to 35.7) 3525.9 (3076.9 to 4000.7) 2097 (1836.7 to 2408.9) − 40.5 (− 48 to − 32.2) 79 (69 to 90) 301 (263 to 346) 279.5 (226 to 338.5) 37.7 (32.6 to 42.7) 53.2 (46.5 to 61.3) 41.1 (21.2 to 63) 200.4 (173.9 to 230) 116.7 (101.6 to 133.8) − 41.8 (− 48.9 to − 33.9)
Rio Grande do Sul 291,093 (263,932 to 317,669) 325,972 (295,523 to 355,685) 12 (6.8 to 17.3) 3137.2 (2844.5 to 3423.7) 2912 (2640 to 3177.5) − 7.2 (− 11.5 to − 2.8) 4234.4 (3833.1 to 4621.4) 2168.8 (1963.7 to 2370.1) − 48.8 (− 51 to − 46.5) 12,180 (11,013 to 13,282) 15,676 (14,127 to 17,231) 28.7 (23 to 34.7) 131.3 (118.7 to 143.1) 140 (126.2 to 153.9) 6.7 (1.9 to 11.7) 218.1 (192.9 to 241.7) 105.9 (95.1 to 116.4) − 51.4 (− 53.7 to − 49)
Santa Catarina 109,782 (100,050 to 119,353) 159,102 (144,539 to 173,402) 44.9 (38.4 to 52.3) 2409.3 (2195.8 to 2619.4) 2287.8 (2078.4 to 2493.4) − 5 (− 9.3 to − 0.2) 4160.4 (3776.4 to 4534) 2034.1 (1846.8 to 2215.3) − 51.1 (− 53.3 to − 48.6) 4543 (4122 to 4957) 7275 (6573 to 7931) 60.1 (52.8 to 67.8) 99.7 (90.5 to 108.8) 104.6 (94.5 to 114) 4.9 (0.1 to 9.9) 221.5 (196.3 to 246.1) 103.4 (92.7 to 113.1) − 53.3 (− 55.4 to − 50.9)
Sergipe 25,381 (22,627 to 27,933) 49,365 (44,971 to 53,849) 94.5 (83.4 to 106.1) 1677.5 (1495.5 to 1846.2) 2092.7 (1906.5 to 2282.8) 24.8 (17.7 to 32.2) 2911.8 (2603.1 to 3195.6) 2270.5 (2069.3 to 2474.5) − 22 (− 26.3 to − 17.6) 1187 (1049 to 1313) 2219 (2015 to 2419) 86.8 (76.7 to 97.1) 78.5 (69.3 to 86.8) 94.1 (85.4 to 102.5) 19.8 (13.3 to 26.4) 145 (127.6 to 160.6) 107.9 (97.9 to 117.9) − 25.6 (− 29.7 to − 21.5)
São Paulo 950,201 (856,603 to 1,038,673) 1,233,745 (1,118,989 to 1,345,216) 29.8 (24.3 to 36.1) 2956.8 (2665.5 to 3232.1) 2760.9 (2504.1 to 3010.3) − 6.6 (− 10.6 to − 2.1) 4451.6 (4030.1 to 4839.1) 2335.2 (2113.1 to 2544.3) − 47.5 (− 49.7 to − 45.2) 38,308 (34,776 to 41,763) 55,449 (50,418 to 60,463) 44.7 (38.8 to 50.9) 119.2 (108.2 to 130) 124.1 (112.8 to 135.3) 4.1 (− 0.1 to 8.5) 229.1 (201.2 to 254.7) 111.7 (101.4 to 122.3) − 51.2 (− 53.4 to − 48.6)
Tocantins 11,812 (9806 to 13,863) 27,018 (23,822 to 30,329) 128.7 (103.7 to 163.1) 1287.5 (1068.8 to 1511) 1695.1 (1494.6 to 1902.8) 31.7 (17.2 to 51.4) 2682.8 (2277.1 to 3108.5) 1916.2 (1692.4 to 2145.3) − 28.6 (− 35.6 to − 19.4) 446 (378 to 518) 1194 (1051 to 1347) 167.9 (139.7 to 201.2) 48.6 (41.2 to 56.5) 74.9 (65.9 to 84.5) 54.2 (37.9 to 73.4) 145.2 (123 to 168.7) 90.2 (79.3 to 101.8) − 37.9 (− 44.7 to − 30.6)