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Table 1 Leading garbage codes in males and females. Brazil, 1996 and 2016

From: Changes in the quality of cause-of-death statistics in Brazil: garbage codes among registered deaths in 1996–2016

Level Cause of death (ICD codea) 1996 2016
Male Female Male Female
n % n % n % n %
4 Pneumonia unspecified (J15.9, J18, J22) 18350 3.5 15330 4.1 40227 5.5 41020 7.2
4 Stroke, not specified as hemorrhage or infarction (I64, I67.8–I67.9, I69.4, I69.8) 29087 5.5 27537 7.3 37219 5.1 35878 6.3
1 Ill-defined causes—R codes (R02–R99—level 1) 70164 13.2 57260 15.2 39447 5.4 28922 5.1
4 Diabetes mellitus, unspecified 10263 1.9 14993 4.0 22928 3.1 27955 4.9
1 Heart failure (I50) 15880 3.0 17217 4.6 13798 1.9 14976 2.6
2 Essential hypertension (I10) 2934 0.6 3697 1.0 11783 1.6 13352 2.3
3 Cancer, unspecified site (C14, C26, C39, C46, C55, C579, C639, C689, C759, C76, C77, C78, C79, C80, C97) 5737 1.1 7718 2.0 10229 1.4 11234 2.0
1 Septicemia (A40–A41) 5776 1.1 5095 1.4 9769 1.3 10091 1.8
4 Dilated and unspecified cardiomyopathy (I42.0, I42.9) 5951 1.1 4938 1.3 5857 0.8 4268 0.7
2 Injury, undetermined intent (Y20–Y34) 7658 1.4 1615 0.4 7336 1.0 2396 0.4
1 Acute renal failure and unspecified kidney failure (N17, N19) 2499 0.5 1951 0.5 4326 0.6 3636 0.6
1 Pulmonary embolism (I26) 1962 0.4 2230 0.6 3118 0.4 4292 0.7
3 Other respiratory disorders (J98.0, J98.4–J98.9) 3547 0.7 3187 0.8 3579 0.5 3733 0.7
2 Ill-defined causes—R codes (R02–R99—level 2) 4751 0.9 4091 1.1 3829 0.5 3287 0.6
4 Transport accident, type of vehicle unspecified (V89) 13033 2.5 3415 0.9 5850 0.8 1159 0.2
2 Hematemesis, melena, intestinal hemorrhage, unspecified (K92.0–K92.2) 1709 0.3 1239 0.3 3585 0.5 2762 0.5
1 Respiratory failure (J96) 3272 0.6 3153 0.8 2363 0.3 2364 0.4
1 Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids (J69) 699 0.1 621 0.2 2384 0.3 2294 0.4
3 Perinatal period condition, unspecified 770 0.1 544 0.1 266 0.0 217 0.0
1,2,3,4 Other garbage codes 35909 6.8 21880 5.8 37588 5.1 27561 4.8
  GC total 239951 45.3 197711 52.5 265481 36.0 241397 42.2
   Level 1 109953 20.7 94643 25.1 92102 12.5 79980 14.0
   Level 2 30234 5.7 18535 4.9 33076 4.5 27394 4.8
   Level 3 15975 3.0 16127 4.3 24323 3.3 22530 3.9
   Level 4 83789 15.8 68406 18.2 115980 15.7 111493 19.5
  Non-GC 290118 54.7 178791 47.5 471361 64.0 330962 57.8
  All causes-total 530069 100.0 376502 100.0 736842 100.0 572359 100.0
  1. aWhen only the 3-digit code is specified it includes all 4-digit codes