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Table 3 Measures of agreement between individual-level SES characteristics and census tract- and county-level SES characteristics, Mortality Disparities in American Communities study

From: Comparisons of individual- and area-level socioeconomic status as proxies for individual-level measures: evidence from the Mortality Disparities in American Communities study

  Census tract-level characteristic County-level characteristic
Less than/equal to median Above median Spec. Sens. Less than/equal to median Above median Spec. Sens.
Individual-level characteristic         
 Household income         
  Less than/equal to US median 32% 21% 60% 63% 31% 22% 58% 57%
  Above US median 17% 30%    20% 27%   
≤ 100% FPL         
  No 48% 42% 53% 67% 50% 40% 55% 56%
  Yes 3% 7%    4% 6%   
Has high school degree         
  No 10% 4% 69% 53% 9% 6% 60% 54%
  Yes 40% 46%    40% 46%   
Has college degree         
  No 44% 30% 59% 66% 42% 32% 57% 61%
  Yes 9% 17%    10% 16%   
Is unemployeda         
  No 50% 47% 52% 61% 51% 46% 53% 55%
  Yes 1% 2%    2% 2%   
Employed in blue-collar industryb         
  No 32% 31% 51% 56% 30% 33% 48% 55%
  Yes 16% 21%    17% 20%   
Owns home         
  No 17% 10% 64% 61% 15% 12% 56% 57%
  Yes 28% 45%    31% 42%   
Foreign born         
  No 52% 36% 59% 80% 51% 36% 59% 78%
  Yes 3% 10%    3% 10%   
  1. For household income, education, and owns home, having a value of 1 was considered low risk for health outcomes, while having a value of 0 was considered high risk; in contrast, for poverty, employment/occupation, and foreign born, having a value of 1 was considered high risk, while having a value of 0 was considered low risk
  2. Spec. specificity, Sens. sensitivity, FPL federal poverty level
  3. aUnemployment was measured among participants who reported being in the workforce (e.g., excluding retirees)
  4. bEmployment in a blue-collar industry was measured among participants who reported being employed (i.e., excluding unemployed participants)