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Table 5 Post-treatment results: effects and their p values

From: Estimating the impact of donor programs on child mortality in low- and middle-income countries: a synthetic control analysis of child health programs funded by the United States Agency for International Development

Year Estimates Two-sided Standardized One-sided Standardized
p values Two-sided p values p values One-sided p values
1999 − 2.156 0.326 0.130 0.130 0.086
2000 − 5.528 0.130 0.001 0.043 0.001
2001 − 9.991 0.065 0.001 0.001 0.001
2002 − 14.917 0.043 0.001 0.001 0.001
2003 − 19.921 0.043 0.001 0.001 0.001
2004 − 24.590 0.043 0.001 0.001 0.001
2005 − 28.302 0.065 0.001 0.001 0.001
2006 − 30.641 0.065 0.022 0.001 0.001
2007 − 32.603 0.065 0.022 0.001 0.001
2008 − 34.145 0.065 0.022 0.001 0.001
2009 − 35.084 0.065 0.022 0.001 0.001
2010 − 35.352 0.065 0.022 0.001 0.001
2011 − 35.457 0.043 0.043 0.001 0.001
2012 − 36.681 0.022 0.043 0.001 0.001
2013 − 37.445 0.022 0.043 0.001 0.001
2014 − 38.004 0.022 0.043 0.001 0.001
2015 − 38.566 0.022 0.043 0.001 0.001
2016 − 38.496 0.022 0.043 0.001 0.001
  1. Effect size is in units of U5MR
  2. p values are exact, empirical p values based on placebo testing. Standardization involves dividing the effect size by RMSPE