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Table 2 State- and County-level estimates (%) of maternal and infant behavior indicators, 23 States, 2016–2018

From: US county-level estimation for maternal and infant health-related behavior indicators using pregnancy risk assessment monitoring system data, 2016–2018

  Survey sample size Maternal breastfeeding at 8 weeks (%) Infant non-supine sleeping position (%)
   Direct estimate (95% CI) Model estimate (95% CI) Direct estimate (95% CI) Model estimate (95% CI)
State a
AL 3233 51.3 (49.2, 53.3) 50.1 (46.2, 54.1) 27.9 (26.0, 29.9) 26.6 (24.6, 28.6)
AK 2340 80.6 (78.9, 82.3) 79.4 (76.1, 82.4) 20.6 (18.9, 22.4) 20.8 (19.1, 22.6)
CO 3881 78.2 (76.5, 79.8) 77.4 (74.5, 80.2) 12.9 (11.6, 14.2) 14.3 (13.0, 15.5)
GA 1727 59.2 (56.0, 62.4) 56.4 (52.5, 60.2) 26.2 (23.4, 29.2) 25.1 (23.1, 27.2)
IL 3912 67.1 (65.4, 68.7) 65.9 (61.9, 69.1) 18.2 (16.9, 19.6) 18.9 (17.2, 20.3)
KY 1455 56.7 (53.3, 60.0) 57.5 (53.2, 61.7) 15.3 (13.1, 17.8) 16.4 (14.8, 18.2)
LA 2634 48.0 (45.9, 50.0) 46.8 (43.2, 50.8) 32.1 (30.2, 34.0) 29.9 (28.0, 31.9)
ME 4170 72.2 (69.9, 74.3) 69.7 (65.8, 73.3) 12.3 (10.8, 14.0) 12.6 (11.3, 14.0)
MD 2227 74.6 (72.4, 76.7) 73.2 (69.4, 76.7) 22.7 (20.7, 24.8) 22.5 (20.7, 24.5)
MA 2505 71.0 (69.2, 72.8) 73.8 (70.4, 76.9) 15.8 (14.6, 17.1) 17.7 (16.3, 19.2)
MI 5565 64.3 (62.6, 65.9) 62.6 (59.2, 66.1) 17.4 (16.2, 18.7) 17.1 (15.9, 18.4)
MN 3557 76.6 (74.9, 78.2) 73.3 (70.0, 76.3) 13.6 (12.3, 15.0) 15.1 (13.8, 16.5)
MO 3105 62.5 (60.5, 64.5) 61.9 (58.2, 65.4) 18.4 (16.9, 20.1) 18.4 (16.9, 19.9)
NV 3571 66.8 (62.6, 70.7) 67.8 (61.9, 73.3) 21.1 (17.7, 24.9) 20.6 (18.4, 22.9)
NM 1327 70.6 (69.1, 72.1) 69.9 (66.1, 73.3) 20.1 (18.8, 21.5) 20.5 (18.9, 22.2)
OR 2989 83.4 (81.1, 85.4) 82.0 (79.1, 84.6) 15.1 (13.3, 17.2) 14.8 (13.5, 16.2)
PA 3240 63.3 (61.2, 65.3) 61.9 (58.2, 65.3) 17.7 (16.2, 19.4) 17.3 (15.9, 18.8)
RI 3336 65.8 (63.9, 67.6) 61.3 (56.0, 66.4) 17.9 (16.4, 19.4) 16.0 (14.4, 17.7)
SC 548 58.2 (52.5, 63.8) 57.2 (51.9, 62.5) 26.2 (21.4, 31.7) 22.8 (20.1, 25.7)
SD 1727 75.5 (73.2, 77.8) 72.0 (68.3, 75.6) 12.7 (11.1, 14.4) 12.7 (11.3, 14.2)
TN 1743 59.1 (55.9, 62.1) 55.9 (52.0, 60.0) 21.1 (18.6, 23.8) 19.9 (18.1, 21.7)
UT 4101 78.5 (76.9, 80.0) 77.3 (73.8, 80.5) 14.1 (12.8, 15.4) 14.6 (13.3, 15.9)
VA 2910 70.2 (67.5, 72.8) 71.6 (68.1, 74.8) 21.4 (19.1, 23.8) 19.0 (17.3, 20.6)
County b
Philadelphia 1489 65.9 (61.6, 70.0) 58.8 (53.1, 64.1) 23.9 (20.3, 28.0) (22.1, 25.9)
  1. Abbreviations: CI, confidence interval
  2. aState-level direct estimates were derived from Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) data
  3. bCounty-level direct estimates were derived from 2018 Philadelphia Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PhillyPRAMS) data