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  1. Nicotine vaping products (NVPs) are increasingly popular worldwide. They may provide public health benefits if used as a substitute for smoking, but may create public health harms if used as a gateway to smoki...

    Authors: David T. Levy, Jamie Tam, Luz María Sanchez-Romero, Yameng Li, Zhe Yuan, Jihyoun Jeon and Rafael Meza

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2021 19:19

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Population-based cancer registries are required to calculate cancer incidence in a geographical area, and several methods have been developed to obtain estimations of cancer incidence in areas not covered by a...

    Authors: Daniel Redondo-Sánchez, Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco, Alberto Ameijide, Francisco Javier Alonso, Pablo Fernández-Navarro, Jose Juan Jiménez-Moleón and María-José Sánchez

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2021 19:18

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  3. Low birthweight (< 2500 g) is an important marker of maternal health and is associated with neonatal mortality, long-term development and chronic diseases. Household surveys remain an important source of popul...

    Authors: Gashaw Andargie Biks, Hannah Blencowe, Victoria Ponce Hardy, Bisrat Misganaw Geremew, Dessie Abebaw Angaw, Alemakef Wagnew, Solomon Mekonnen Abebe, Tadesse Guadu, Justiniano S.D. Martins, Ane Baerent Fisker, Md. Ali Imam, Obed Ernest A. Nettey, Simon Kasasa, Lydia Di Stefano, Joseph Akuze, Doris Kwesiga…

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2021 19(Suppl 1):17

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  4. Preterm birth (gestational age (GA) <37 weeks) is the leading cause of child mortality worldwide. However, GA is rarely assessed in population-based surveys, the major data source in low/middle-income countrie...

    Authors: M. Moinuddin Haider, Kaiser Mahmud, Hannah Blencowe, Tahmeed Ahmed, Joseph Akuze, Simon Cousens, Nafisa Delwar, Ane B. Fisker, Victoria Ponce Hardy, S. M. Tafsir Hasan, Md. Ali Imam, Dan Kajungu, Md Alfazal Khan, Justiniano S. D. Martins, Quamrun Nahar, Obed Ernest A. Nettey…

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2021 19(Suppl 1):16

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  5. Risks of neonatal death, stillbirth and miscarriage are highest in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where data has most gaps and estimates rely on household surveys, dependent on women reporting these...

    Authors: Doris Kwesiga, Charlotte Tawiah, Md Ali Imam, Adane Kebede Tesega, Tryphena Nareeba, Yeetey A K Enuameh, Gashaw A. Biks, Grace Manu, Alexandra Beedle, Nafisa Delwar, Ane B. Fisker, Peter Waiswa, Joy E. Lawn and Hannah Blencowe

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2021 19(Suppl 1):15

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  6. Birth registration is a child’s first right. Registration of live births, stillbirths and deaths is foundational for national planning. Completeness of birth registration for live births in low- and middle-inc...

    Authors: Simon Kasasa, Davis Natukwatsa, Edward Galiwango, Tryphena Nareeba, Collins Gyezaho, Ane Baerent Fisker, Mezgebu Yitayal Mengistu, Francis Dzabeng, M. Moinuddin Haider, Judith Yargawa, Joseph Akuze, Angela Baschieri, Claudia Cappa, Debra Jackson, Joy E. Lawn, Hannah Blencowe…

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2021 19(Suppl 1):14

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  7. Household surveys remain important sources of stillbirth data, but omission and misclassification are common. Classifying adverse pregnancy outcomes as stillbirths requires accurate reporting of vital status a...

    Authors: Hannah Blencowe, Matteo Bottecchia, Doris Kwesiga, Joseph Akuze, M. Moinuddin Haider, Edward Galiwango, Francis Dzabeng, Ane B. Fisker, Yeetey Akpe Kwesi Enuameh, Bisrat Misganaw Geremew, Tryphena Nareeba, Susannah Woodd, Alexandra Beedle, Kimberly Peven, Simon Cousens, Peter Waiswa…

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2021 19(Suppl 1):13

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  8. Termination of pregnancy (TOP) is a common cause of maternal morbidity and mortality in low- and middle-income countries. Population-based surveys are the major data source for TOP data in LMICs but are known ...

    Authors: Yeetey Akpe Kwesi Enuameh, Francis Dzabeng, Hannah Blencowe, Sanne M. Thysen, Solomon Mekonnen Abebe, Kwaku Poku Asante, Charlotte Tawiah, Vladimir Sergeevich Gordeev, Wisdom Adeapena, Doris Kwesiga, Simon Kasasa, Charles Zandoh, Md. Ali Imam, Seeba Amenga-Etego, Sam K. Newton, Seth Owusu-Agyei…

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2021 19(Suppl 1):12

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  9. Household surveys remain important sources of maternal and child health data, but until now, standard surveys such as Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) have not collected information on maternity care for w...

    Authors: Lydia Di Stefano, Matteo Bottecchia, Judith Yargawa, Joseph Akuze, M. Moinuddin Haider, Edward Galiwango, Francis Dzabeng, Ane B. Fisker, Bisrat Misganaw Geremew, Simon Cousens, Joy E. Lawn, Hannah Blencowe and Peter Waiswa

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2021 19(Suppl 1):11

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  10. Paradata are (timestamped) records tracking the process of (electronic) data collection. We analysed paradata from a large household survey of questions capturing pregnancy outcomes to assess performance (timi...

    Authors: Vladimir Sergeevich Gordeev, Joseph Akuze, Angela Baschieri, Sanne M. Thysen, Francis Dzabeng, M. Moinuddin Haider, Melanie Smuk, Michael Wild, Michael M. Lokshin, Temesgen Azemeraw Yitayew, Solomon Mokonnen Abebe, Davis Natukwatsa, Collins Gyezaho, Seeba Amenga-Etego, Joy E. Lawn and Hannah Blencowe

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2021 19(Suppl 1):10

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  11. Electronic data collection is increasingly used for household surveys, but factors influencing design and implementation have not been widely studied. The Every Newborn-INDEPTH (EN-INDEPTH) study was a multi-s...

    Authors: Sanne M. Thysen, Charlotte Tawiah, Hannah Blencowe, Grace Manu, Joseph Akuze, M. Moinuddin Haider, Nurul Alam, Temesgen Azemeraw Yitayew, Angela Baschieri, Gashaw A. Biks, Francis Dzabeng, Ane B. Fisker, Md. Ali Imam, Justiniano S. D. Martins, Davis Natukwatsa, Joy E. Lawn…

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2021 19(Suppl 1):9

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  12. Worldwide, an estimated 5.1 million stillbirths and neonatal deaths occur annually, 98% in low- and middle-income countries. Limited coverage of civil and vital registration systems necessitates reliance on wo...

    Authors: Joseph Akuze, Simon Cousens, Joy E. Lawn, Peter Waiswa, Vladimir Sergeevich Gordeev, Fred Arnold, Trevor Croft, Angela Baschieri and Hannah Blencowe

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2021 19(Suppl 1):8

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  13. Global mortality estimates remain heavily dependent on household surveys in low- and middle-income countries, where most under-five deaths occur. Few studies have assessed the accuracy of mortality data or det...

    Authors: Tryphena Nareeba, Francis Dzabeng, Nurul Alam, Gashaw A. Biks, Sanne M. Thysen, Joseph Akuze, Hannah Blencowe, Stephane Helleringer, Joy E. Lawn, Kaiser Mahmud, Temesgen Azemeraw Yitayew and Ane B. Fisker

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2021 19(Suppl 1):7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  14. An estimated 40% of pregnancies globally are unintended. Measurement of pregnancy intention in low- and middle-income countries relies heavily on surveys, notably Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), yet few ...

    Authors: Judith Yargawa, Kazuyo Machiyama, Victoria Ponce Hardy, Yeetey Enuameh, Edward Galiwango, Kassahun Gelaye, Kaiser Mahmud, Sanne M. Thysen, Damazo T. Kadengye, Vladimir Sergeevich Gordeev, Hannah Blencowe, Joy E. Lawn, Angela Baschieri and John Cleland

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2021 19(Suppl 1):6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  15. Smartphones have rapidly become an important marker of wealth in low- and middle-income countries, but international household surveys do not regularly gather data on smartphone ownership and these data are ra...

    Authors: Mathieu J. P. Poirier, Till Bärnighausen, Guy Harling, Ali Sié and Karen A. Grépin

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2021 19:4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  16. To study the trends of smoking-attributable mortality among the low and high educated in consecutive birth cohorts in 11 European countries.

    Authors: Di Long, Johan Mackenbach, Pekka Martikainen, Olle Lundberg, Henrik Brønnum-Hansen, Matthias Bopp, Giuseppe Costa, Katalin Kovács, Mall Leinsalu, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz, Gwenn Menvielle and Wilma Nusselder

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2021 19:3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  17. Although efforts to reduce high maternal mortality in countries such as Indonesia tend to focus on addressing health risks among pregnant women, family planning has been shown globally to reduce maternal morta...

    Authors: Budi Utomo, Purwa Kurnia Sucahya, Nohan Arum Romadlona, Annette Sachs Robertson, Riznawaty Imma Aryanty and Robert Joseph Magnani

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2021 19:2

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  18. Area-level measures are often used to approximate socioeconomic status (SES) when individual-level data are not available. However, no national studies have examined the validity of these measures in approxima...

    Authors: Jennifer L. Moss, Norman J. Johnson, Mandi Yu, Sean F. Altekruse and Kathleen A. Cronin

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2021 19:1

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  19. Linking facility and household surveys through geographic methods is a popular technique to draw conclusions about the relationship between health services and population health outcomes at local levels. These...

    Authors: Michael A. Peters, Diwakar Mohan, Patrick Naphini, Emily Carter and Melissa A. Marx

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18:30

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. Most western countries are facing relevant demographic changes, and the percentage of older people is destined to rise in the next decades. This fact is likely to affect the sustainability of healthcare system...

    Authors: Enrico di Bella, Luca Gandullia, Lucia Leporatti, Walter Locatelli, Marcello Montefiori, Luca Persico and Roberta Zanetti

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18:29

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  21. Monitoring abortion rates is highly relevant for demographic and public health considerations, yet its reliable estimation is fraught with uncertainty due to lack of complete national health facility service s...

    Authors: Suzanne O. Bell, Mridula Shankar, Elizabeth Omoluabi, Anoop Khanna, Hyacinthe Kouakou Andoh, Funmilola OlaOlorun, Danish Ahmad, Georges Guiella, Saifuddin Ahmed and Caroline Moreau

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18:28

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  22. Research concerning the causes and consequences of intimate partner violence (IPV), particularly in less developed areas of the world, has become prominent in the last two decades. Although a number of potenti...

    Authors: John Sandberg, Rosalind Fennell, Yacine Boujija, Laetitia Douillot, Valerie Delaunay, Simona Bignami, Wubin Xie, Cheikh Sokhna and Steven Rytina

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18:27

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. Nationally representative household surveys are the gold standard for tracking progress in coverage of life-saving maternal and child interventions, but often do not provide timely information on coverage at t...

    Authors: Elizabeth M. Simmons, Kavita Singh, Jamiru Mpiima, Manish Kumar and William Weiss

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18:26

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. The number of older Australians using aged care services is increasing, yet there is an absence of reliable data on their health. Multimorbidity in this population has not been well described. A clear picture ...

    Authors: Kimberly E. Lind, Magdalena Z. Raban, Lindsey Brett, Mikaela L. Jorgensen, Andrew Georgiou and Johanna I. Westbrook

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18:25

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. The present study sought to analyze smoking prevalence and smoking-attributable mortality estimates produced by the 2017 Global Burden of Disease Study for Brazil, 26 states, and the Federal District.

    Authors: Deborah Carvalho Malta, Luisa Sorio Flor, Ísis Eloah Machado, Mariana Santos Felisbino-Mendes, Luisa Campos Caldeira Brant, Antonio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro, Renato Azeredo Teixeira, Eduardo Marques Macário, Marissa B. Reitsma, Scott Glenn, Mohsen Naghavi and Emmanuela Gakidou

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):24

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  26. Registered causes in vital statistics classified as garbage codes (GC) are considered indicators of quality of cause-of-death data. Our aim was to describe temporal changes in this quality in Brazil, and the l...

    Authors: Elisabeth França, Lenice Harumi Ishitani, Renato Teixeira, Bruce B. Duncan, Fatima Marinho and Mohsen Naghavi

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):20

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  27. Brazil leads the world in number of firearm deaths and ranks sixth by country in rate of firearm deaths per 100,000 people. This study aims to analyze trends in and burden of mortality by firearms, according t...

    Authors: Deborah Carvalho Malta, Adauto Martins Soares Filho, Isabella Vitral Pinto, Maria Cecília de Souza Minayo, Cheila Marina Lima, Ísis Eloah Machado, Renato Azeredo Teixeira, Otaliba Libânio Morais Neto, Roberto Marini Ladeira, Edgar Merchan-Hamann, Maria de Fatima Marinho de Souza, Cíntia Honório Vasconcelos, Carlos Cezar Flores Vidotti, Ewerton Cousin, Scott Glenn, Catherine Bisignano…

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):19

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  28. The prevalence and burden of disease resulting from obesity have increased worldwide. In Brazil, more than half of the population is now overweight. However, the impact of this growing risk factor on disease b...

    Authors: Mariana Santos Felisbino-Mendes, Ewerton Cousin, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Ísis Eloah Machado, Antonio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro, Bruce Bartholow Duncan, Maria Inês Schmidt, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Scott Glenn, Ashkan Afshin and Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):18

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  29. Hypertension remains the leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) worldwide, and its impact in Brazil should be assessed in order to better address the issue. We aimed to describe trends in prevale...

    Authors: Bruno Ramos Nascimento, Luísa Campos Caldeira Brant, Simon Yadgir, Gláucia Maria Moraes Oliveira, Gregory Roth, Scott Devon Glenn, Meghan Mooney, Mohsen Naghavi, Valéria Maria Azeredo Passos, Bruce Bartholow Duncan, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Deborah Carvalho Malta and Antonio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):17

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  30. Monitoring and reducing premature mortality due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is a global priority of Agenda 2030. This study aimed to describe the mortality trends and disability-adjusted life years (DA...

    Authors: Deborah Carvalho Malta, Bruce Bartholow Duncan, Maria Inês Schmidt, Renato Teixeira, Antonio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro, Mariana Santos Felisbino-Mendes, Ísis Eloah Machado, Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez, Luisa Campos Caldeira Brant, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Bruno R Nascimento, Ewerton Cousin, Scott Glenn and Mohsen Naghavi

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):16

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  31. Brazil is the world’s fifth most populous nation, and is currently experimenting a fast demographic aging process in a context of scarce resources and social inequalities. To understand the health profile of o...

    Authors: Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Ana Paula Silva Champs, Renato Teixeira, Maria Fernanda Furtado Lima-Costa, Renata Kirkwood, Renato Veras, Bruno Ramos Nascimento, Ana Maria Nogales, Maria Inês Schmidt, Bruce Bartholow Duncan, Ewerton Cousin, Mohsen Naghavi and Fatima Marinho Souza

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):14

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  32. The aim of this study was to estimate the mortality from all causes as a result of physical inactivity in Brazil and in Brazilian states over 28 years (1990–2017).

    Authors: Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Mark Stephen Tremblay, Fatima Marinho, Antonio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro, Ewerton Cousin, Bruno Ramos Nascimento, Paulo da Fonseca Valença Neto, Mohsen Naghavi and Deborah Carvalho Malta

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):13

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  33. The prevalence and burden of musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions are growing around the world, and low back pain (LBP) is the most significant of the five defined MSK disorders in the Global Burden of Disease (GB...

    Authors: Caroline Nespolo de David, Lucas de Melo Castro Deligne, Rodolfo Souza da Silva, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Bruce B. Duncan, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos and Ewerton Cousin

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):12

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  34. Estimates of completeness of death registration are crucial to produce estimates of life tables and population projections and to estimate the burden of disease. They are an important step in assessing the qua...

    Authors: Bernardo L Queiroz, Marcos R. Gonzaga, Ana M. N. Vasconcelos, Bruno T. Lopes and Daisy M. X. Abreu

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):11

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  35. Tuberculosis (TB) continues to be an important cause of fatal and non-fatal burden in Brazil. In this study, we present estimates for TB burden in Brazil from 1990 to 2017 using data from the Global Burden of ...

    Authors: Francisco Rogerlândio Martins-Melo, Juliana Maria Trindade Bezerra, David Soeiro Barbosa, Mariângela Carneiro, Kleydson Bonfim Andrade, Antonio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro, Mohsen Naghavi and Guilherme Loureiro Werneck

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):10

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  36. The Global Burden of Diseases (GBD) 2017 database permits an up-to-date evaluation of the frequency and burden of diabetes at the state level in Brazil and by type of diabetes. The objective of this report is ...

    Authors: Bruce Bartholow Duncan, Ewerton Cousin, Mohsen Naghavi, Ashkan Afshin, Elisabeth Barboza França, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Deborah Malta, Bruno R. Nascimento and Maria Inês Schmidt

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):9

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  37. Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in women and the leading cause of cancer death among females worldwide. In recent decades, breast cancer death rates have been stable or decreasing in more...

    Authors: Maximiliano Ribeiro Guerra, Mário Círio Nogueira, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Camila Soares Lima Côrrea, Maria de Fatima Marinho de Souza, Maria Paula Curado, Mariana Santos Felisbino-Mendes, Meghan Mooney, Mohsen Naghavi and Maria Teresa Bustamante-Teixeira

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):8

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  38. Measuring the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) has been the key to verifying the evolution of health indicators worldwide. We analyse subnational GBD data for Brazil in order to monitor the performance of the Br...

    Authors: Daiane Borges Machado, Júlia Moreira Pescarini, Dandara Ramos, Renato Teixeira, Rafael Lozano, Vinicius Oliveira de Moura Pereira, Cimar Azeredo, Rômulo Paes-Sousa, Deborah Carvalho Malta and Mauricio L. Barreto

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  39. Depression is one of the major causes of disability worldwide. The objective of this study was to analyze the results of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 (GBD-2017) for depressive disorders in Brazil an...

    Authors: Cecília Silva Costa Bonadiman, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Mohsen Naghavi and Ana Paula Souto Melo

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  40. This study presents the malaria burden in Brazil from 1990 to 2017 using data from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2017 (GBD 2017), by analyzing disease burden indicators in fed...

    Authors: Juliana Maria Trindade Bezerra, David Soeiro Barbosa, Francisco Rogerlândio Martins-Melo, Guilherme Loureiro Werneck, Érika Martins Braga, Pedro Luiz Tauil and Mariângela Carneiro

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):5

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  41. In this study, infant mortality rate (IMR) inequalities are analyzed from 1990 to 2015 in different geographic scales.

    Authors: Célia Landmann Szwarcwald, Wanessa da Silva de Almeida, Renato Azeredo Teixeira, Elisabeth Barboza França, Marina Jorge de Miranda and Deborah Carvalho Malta

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  42. In Brazil, both the Civil Registry (CR) and Ministry of Health (MoH) Mortality Information System (SIM) are sources of routine mortality data, but neither is 100% complete. Deaths from these two sources can be...

    Authors: Luiz Fernando Lima Costa, Marli de Mesquita Silva Montenegro, Dacio de Lyra Rabello Neto, Antonio Tadeu Ribeiro de Oliveira, Jose Eduardo de Oliveira Trindade, Tim Adair and Maria de Fatima Marinho

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18:22

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. Healthy life years have superseded life expectancy (LE) as the most important indicator for population health. The most common approach to separate the total number of life years into those spent in good and p...

    Authors: Markus Sauerberg, Michel Guillot and Marc Luy

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18:21

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. This study aimed to compare three small-area level mortality metrics according to urbanity in Korea: the standardized mortality ratio (SMR), comparative mortality figure (CMF), and life expectancy (LE) by urba...

    Authors: Ikhan Kim, Hwa-Kyung Lim, Hee-Yeon Kang and Young-Ho Khang

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18:3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. There are likely to be differences in alcohol consumption levels and patterns across local areas within a country, yet survey data is often collected at the national or sub-national/regional level and is not r...

    Authors: Robert Pryce, Colin Angus, John Holmes, Duncan Gillespie, Penny Buykx, Petra Meier, Matt Hickman, Frank de Vocht and Alan Brennan

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18:1

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  46. The aim of this study was to estimate the impact of reducing the prevalence of obesity, smoking, and physical inactivity, and introducing physical activity as an explicit intervention, on the burden of type 2 ...

    Authors: Susanne F. Awad, Martin O’Flaherty, Katie G. El-Nahas, Abdulla O. Al-Hamaq, Julia A. Critchley and Laith J. Abu-Raddad

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:20

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

Annual Journal Metrics

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