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  1. Burden of disease estimates, which combine mortality and morbidity into a single measure, are used increasingly for priority setting in disease control, prevention and surveillance. However, because there is n...

    Authors: Juanita A Haagsma, Arie H Havelaar, Bas MF Janssen and Gouke J Bonsel
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2008 6:7
  2. Researchers are increasingly investigating the potential for ordinal tasks such as ranking and discrete choice experiments to estimate QALY health state values. However, the assumptions of random utility theor...

    Authors: Terry N Flynn, Jordan J Louviere, Anthony AJ Marley, Joanna Coast and Tim J Peters
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2008 6:6
  3. Population health is linked closely to poverty. To assess the effectiveness of health interventions it is critical to monitor the spatial and temporal changes in the health indicators of populations and outcom...

    Authors: Abdisalan M Noor, Victor A Alegana, Peter W Gething, Andrew J Tatem and Robert W Snow
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2008 6:5
  4. In the United States, relatively little is known about cause of death in individuals who die prior to or after hospital discharge for acute coronary syndromes (ACS). The purpose of this report was to compare b...

    Authors: Charles Maynard, Elliott Lowy, Mary McDonell and Stephan D Fihn
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2008 6:3
  5. With increasing urbanization in sub-Saharan Africa and poor economic performance, the growth of slums is unavoidable. About 71% of urban residents in Kenya live in slums. Slums are characteristically unplanned...

    Authors: Catherine Kyobutungi, Abdhalah Kasiira Ziraba, Alex Ezeh and Yazoumé Yé
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2008 6:1
  6. In countries where routine vital registration data are scarce, Demographic Surveillance Sites (DSS: locally defined populations under longitudinal surveillance for vital events and other characteristics) and D...

    Authors: Peter Byass, Alemayehu Worku, Anders Emmelin and Yemane Berhane
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2007 5:12
  7. To provide quantitative insight into current U.S. policy choices for cervical cancer prevention, we developed a model of human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer, explicitly incorporating uncertainty abo...

    Authors: Jeremy D Goldhaber-Fiebert, Natasha K Stout, Jesse Ortendahl, Karen M Kuntz, Sue J Goldie and Joshua A Salomon
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2007 5:11
  8. Hospitalisation for ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSHs) has become a recognised tool to measure access to primary care. Timely and effective outpatient care is highly relevant to refugee populations g...

    Authors: Ignacio Correa-Velez, Zahid Ansari, Vijaya Sundararajan, Kaye Brown and Sandra M Gifford
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2007 5:9
  9. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major but neglected public health problem. Currently 1.4% of the England population has a clinical diagnosis of COPD, but the true burden of the disease has no...

    Authors: Luis C Nacul, Michael Soljak and Tom Meade
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2007 5:8
  10. Among the available data provided by health information systems, data on mortality are commonly used not only as health indicators but also as socioeconomic development indices. Recognizing that in Iran accura...

    Authors: Ardeshir Khosravi, Richard Taylor, Mohsen Naghavi and Alan D Lopez
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2007 5:7
  11. Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a debilitating illness with no known cause or effective therapy. Population-based epidemiologic data on CFS prevalence are critical to put CFS in a realistic context for publi...

    Authors: William C Reeves, James F Jones, Elizabeth Maloney, Christine Heim, David C Hoaglin, Roumiana S Boneva, Marjorie Morrissey and Rebecca Devlin
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2007 5:5
  12. Birth defects are a leading cause of neonatal and infant mortality in Italy, however little is known of the etiology of most defects. Improvements in diagnosis have revealed increasing numbers of clinically in...

    Authors: Giovanna Tagliabue, Roberto Tessandori, Fausta Caramaschi, Sabrina Fabiano, Anna Maghini, Andrea Tittarelli, Daniele Vergani, Maria Bellotti, Salvatore Pisani, Maria Letizia Gambino, Emanuela Frassoldi, Enrica Costa, Daniela Gada, Paolo Crosignani and Paolo Contiero
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2007 5:4
  13. The West Nile virus (WNv) became a veterinary public health concern in southern Ontario in 2001 and has continued to threaten public health. Wild bird mortality has been shown to be an indicator for tracking t...

    Authors: Heidi Beroll, Olaf Berke, Jeffrey Wilson and Ian K Barker
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2007 5:3
  14. Diabetes prevalence increases globally with severe consequences for afflicted individuals and societies. Data on diabetes incidence and diabetes related mortality on a population level are, however, scarce. As...

    Authors: Henrik Støvring, Morten Andersen, Henning Beck-Nielsen, Anders Green and Werner Vach
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2007 5:2
  15. Substantial reductions in maternal mortality are called for in Millennium Development Goal 5 (MDG-5), thus assuming that maternal mortality is measurable. A key difficulty is attributing causes of death for th...

    Authors: Edward Fottrell, Peter Byass, Thomas W Ouedraogo, Cecile Tamini, Adjima Gbangou, Issiaka Sombié, Ulf Högberg, Karen H Witten, Sohinee Bhattacharya, Teklay Desta, Sylvia Deganus, Janet Tornui, Ann E Fitzmaurice, Nicolas Meda and Wendy J Graham
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2007 5:1
  16. It is widely believed that the social environment has an important influence on health, but there is less certainty about how to measure specific factors within the social environment that could link the neigh...

    Authors: David L Fone, Daniel M Farewell and Frank D Dunstan
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2006 4:17
  17. Panel data are often used to estimate key measures of public health, such as years lived with and without disability. Panel surveys commonly measure disability at intervals of one or two years, and occasionall...

    Authors: James N Laditka and Douglas A Wolf
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2006 4:16
  18. Smoking and obesity are risk factors causing a large burden of disease. To help formulate and prioritize among smoking and obesity prevention activities, estimations of health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE) f...

    Authors: Pieter HM van Baal, Rudolf T Hoogenveen, Ardine G de Wit and Hendriek C Boshuizen
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2006 4:14
  19. The co-morbidity of health conditions is becoming a significant health issue, particularly as populations age, and presents important methodological challenges for population health research. For example, the ...

    Authors: William Flanagan, Cameron N McIntosh, Christel Le Petit and Jean-Marie Berthelot
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2006 4:13
  20. Burden of disease studies have been implemented in many countries using the Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY) to assess major health problems. Important objectives of the study were to quantify intra-countr...

    Authors: Catherine M Michaud, Matthew T McKenna, Stephen Begg, Niels Tomijima, Meghna Majmudar, Maria T Bulzacchelli, Shahul Ebrahim, Majid Ezzati, Joshua A Salomon, Jessica Gaber Kreiser, Mollie Hogan and Christopher JL Murray
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2006 4:11
  21. Automated procedures are increasingly used in cancer registration, and it is important that the data produced are systematically checked for consistency and accuracy. We evaluated an automated procedure for ca...

    Authors: Giovanna Tagliabue, Anna Maghini, Sabrina Fabiano, Andrea Tittarelli, Emanuela Frassoldi, Enrica Costa, Silvia Nobile, Tiziana Codazzi, Paolo Crosignani, Roberto Tessandori and Paolo Contiero
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2006 4:10
  22. Assessing the burden of disease contributes towards evidence-based allocation of limited health resources. However, such measures are not yet commonly available in Vietnam. Taking advantage of the FilaBavi Dem...

    Authors: Dao Lan Huong, Hoang Van Minh, Theo Vos, Urban Janlert, Do Duc Van and Peter Byass
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2006 4:9
  23. Patient race in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) information system was previously recorded based on an administrative or clinical employee's observation. Since 2003, the VA started to collect self-repo...

    Authors: Min-Woong Sohn, Huiyuan Zhang, Noreen Arnold, Kevin Stroupe, Brent C Taylor, Timothy J Wilt and Denise M Hynes
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2006 4:7
  24. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes in Oman is high and appears to be rising. Rising rates of diabetes and associated risk factors have been observed in populations undergoing epidemiological transition and urba...

    Authors: Siba Al-Moosa, Sara Allin, Nadia Jemiai, Jawad Al-Lawati and Elias Mossialos
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2006 4:5
  25. Comorbidity complicates estimations of health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE) using disease prevalences and disability weights from Burden of Disease studies. Usually, the exact amount of comorbidity is unknow...

    Authors: Pieter HM van Baal, Nancy Hoeymans, Rudolf T Hoogenveen, Ardine G de Wit and Gert P Westert
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2006 4:1
  26. Most epidemiological studies of major depression report period prevalence estimates. These are of limited utility in characterizing the longitudinal epidemiology of this condition. Markov models provide a meth...

    Authors: Scott B Patten and Robert C Lee
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2005 3:11
  27. Person trade-off (PTO) elicitations yield different values than standard utility measures, such as time trade-off (TTO) elicitations. Some people believe this difference arises because the PTO captures the imp...

    Authors: Laura J Damschroder, Todd R Roberts, Christine C Goldstein, Molly E Miklosovic and Peter A Ubel
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2005 3:10
  28. Routine data from cancer registries often lack information on stage of cancer, limiting their use. This study aimed to determine whether or not it is feasible to add cancer staging data to the routine data col...

    Authors: Timothy Threlfall, Jana Wittorff, Padabphet Boutdara, Jane Heyworth, Paul Katris, Harry Sheiner and Lin Fritschi
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2005 3:9
  29. Validated or standardized self-report questionnaires used in research studies and clinical evaluation of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) generally focus on the assessment of fatigue. There are relatively few pu...

    Authors: Dieter Wagner, Rosane Nisenbaum, Christine Heim, James F Jones, Elizabeth R Unger and William C Reeves
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2005 3:8
  30. Childhood immunization coverage in the United States (U.S.) is often measured at age 24 months or, in the National Immunization Survey (NIS) at age of interview, which is between 19 and 35 months. This paper c...

    Authors: Tammy A Santibanez, Lawrence E Barker and Kate M Shaw
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2005 3:6
  31. Summary measures of health that combine mortality and morbidity into a single indicator are being estimated in the Canadian context for approximately 200 diseases and conditions. To manage the large amount of ...

    Authors: William Flanagan, Jane Boswell-Purdy, Christel Le Petit and Jean-Marie Berthelot
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2005 3:5
  32. Mortality statistics are key inputs for evidence based health policy at national level. Little is known of the empirical basis for mortality statistics in China, which accounts for roughly one-fifth of the wor...

    Authors: Gonghuan Yang, Jianping Hu, Ke Quin Rao, Jeimin Ma, Chalapati Rao and Alan D Lopez
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2005 3:3
  33. Strong regional heterogeneity and generally sub-optimal rates of measles vaccination in Italy have, to date, hampered attainment of WHO targets for measles elimination, and have generated the need for the new ...

    Authors: Piero Manfredi, Eugene M Cleur, John R Williams, Stefania Salmaso and Marta Ciofi degli Atti
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2005 3:1

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