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  1. Research

    The share of ultra-processed foods and the overall nutritional quality of diets in the US: evidence from a nationally representative cross-sectional study

    Recent population dietary studies indicate that diets rich in ultra-processed foods, increasingly frequent worldwide, are grossly nutritionally unbalanced, suggesting that the dietary contribution of these foo...

    Euridice Martínez Steele, Barry M. Popkin, Boyd Swinburn and Carlos A. Monteiro

    Population Health Metrics 2017 15:6

    Published on: 14 February 2017

  2. Review

    Does alcohol use have a causal effect on HIV incidence and disease progression? A review of the literature and a modeling strategy for quantifying the effect

    In the first part of this review, the nature of the associations between alcohol use and HIV/AIDS is discussed. Alcohol use has been found to be strongly associated with incidence and progression of HIV/AIDS, ...

    Jürgen Rehm, Charlotte Probst, Kevin D. Shield and Paul A. Shuper

    Population Health Metrics 2017 15:4

    Published on: 10 February 2017

  3. Research

    Development and validation of an early childhood development scale for use in low-resourced settings

    Low-cost, cross-culturally comparable measures of the motor, cognitive, and socioemotional skills of children under 3 years remain scarce. In the present paper, we aim to develop a new caregiver-reported early...

    Dana Charles McCoy, Christopher R. Sudfeld, David C. Bellinger, Alfa Muhihi, Geofrey Ashery, Taylor E. Weary, Wafaie Fawzi and Günther Fink

    Population Health Metrics 2017 15:3

    Published on: 9 February 2017

  4. Research

    Methodological choices affect cancer incidence rates: a cohort study

    Incidence rates are fundamental to epidemiology, but their magnitude and interpretation depend on methodological choices. We aimed to examine the extent to which the definition of the study population affects ...

    Hannah L. Brooke, Mats Talbäck, Maria Feychting and Rickard Ljung

    Population Health Metrics 2017 15:2

    Published on: 19 January 2017

  5. Research

    Different survival analysis methods for measuring long-term outcomes of Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian cancer patients in the presence and absence of competing risks

    Net survival is the most common measure of cancer prognosis and has been used to study differentials in cancer survival between ethnic or racial population subgroups. However, net survival ignores competing ri...

    Vincent Y. F. He, John R. Condon, Peter D. Baade, Xiaohua Zhang and Yuejen Zhao

    Population Health Metrics 2017 15:1

    Published on: 17 January 2017

  6. Research

    Using multi-year national survey cohorts for period estimates: an application of weighted discrete Poisson regression for assessing annual national mortality in US adults with and without diabetes, 2000–2006

    Monitoring national mortality among persons with a disease is important to guide and evaluate progress in disease control and prevention. However, a method to estimate nationally representative annual mortalit...

    Yiling J. Cheng, Edward W. Gregg, Deborah B. Rolka and Theodore J. Thompson

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:48

    Published on: 15 December 2016

  7. Research

    A new parametric model to assess delay and compression of mortality

    A decrease in mortality across all ages causes a shift of the age pattern of mortality, or mortality delay, while differences in the rate of decrease across ages cause a change in the shape of the age-at-death...

    Joop de Beer and Fanny Janssen

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:46

    Published on: 1 December 2016

  8. Research

    Diabetes incidence and projections from prevalence surveys in Fiji

    Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) incidence is traditionally derived from cohort studies that are not always feasible, representative, or available. The present study estimates T2DM incidence in Fijian adults fr...

    Stephen Morrell, Sophia Lin, Isimeli Tukana, Christine Linhart, Richard Taylor, Penina Vatucawaqa, Dianna J Magliano and Paul Zimmet

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:45

    Published on: 25 November 2016

  9. Research

    Type 2 diabetes detection and management among insured adults

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 28.9 million adults had diabetes in 2012 in the US, though many patients are undiagnosed or not managing their condition. This study provides US na...

    Timothy M. Dall, Weyna Yang, Pragna Halder, Jerry Franz, Erin Byrne, April P. Semilla, Ritashree Chakrabarti and Bruce Stuart

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:43

    Published on: 21 November 2016

  10. Research

    Trends, causes, and risk factors of mortality among children under 5 in Ethiopia, 1990–2013: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013

    Ethiopia has made remarkable progress in reducing child mortality over the last two decades. However, the under-5 mortality rate in Ethiopia is still higher than the under-5 mortality rates of several low- and...

    Amare Deribew, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Kebede Deribe, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Yihunie Lakew, Azmeraw T. Amare, Semaw F. Abera, Mesoud Mohammed, Abiy Hiruye, Efrem Teklay, Awoke Misganaw and Nicholas Kassebaum

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:42

    Published on: 14 November 2016

  11. Research

    Alzheimer’s and other dementias in Canada, 2011 to 2031: a microsimulation Population Health Modeling (POHEM) study of projected prevalence, health burden, health services, and caregiving use

    Worldwide, there is concern that increases in the prevalence of dementia will result in large demands for caregivers and supportive services that will be challenging to address. Previous dementia projections h...

    Douglas G. Manuel, Rochelle Garner, Philippe Finès, Christina Bancej, William Flanagan, Karen Tu, Kim Reimer, Larry W. Chambers and Julie Bernier

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:37

    Published on: 3 November 2016

  12. Research

    Oral/dental items in the resident assessment instrument – minimum Data Set 2.0 lack validity: results of a retrospective, longitudinal validation study

    Oral health in nursing home residents is poor. Robust, mandated assessment tools such as the Resident Assessment Instrument – Minimum Data Set (RAI-MDS) 2.0 are key to monitoring and improving quality of oral ...

    Matthias Hoben, Jeffrey W. Poss, Peter G. Norton and Carole A. Estabrooks

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:36

    Published on: 21 October 2016

  13. Research

    The paradox of verbal autopsy in cause of death assignment: symptom question unreliability but predictive accuracy

    We believe that it is important that governments understand the reliability of the mortality data which they have at their disposable to guide policy debates. In many instances, verbal autopsy (VA) will be the...

    Peter Serina, Ian Riley, Bernardo Hernandez, Abraham D. Flaxman, Devarsetty Praveen, Veronica Tallo, Rohina Joshi, Diozele Sanvictores, Andrea Stewart, Meghan D. Mooney, Christopher J. L. Murray and Alan D. Lopez

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:41

    Published on: 18 October 2016

  14. Research

    What is the optimal recall period for verbal autopsies? Validation study based on repeat interviews in three populations

    One key contextual feature in Verbal Autopsy (VA) is the time between death and survey administration, or recall period. This study quantified the effect of recall period on VA performance by using a paired da...

    Peter Serina, Ian Riley, Bernardo Hernandez, Abraham D. Flaxman, Devarsetty Praveen, Veronica Tallo, Rohina Joshi, Diozele Sanvictores, Andrea Stewart, Meghan D. Mooney, Christopher J. L. Murray and Alan D. Lopez

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:40

    Published on: 18 October 2016

  15. Research

    Dynamic denominators: the impact of seasonally varying population numbers on disease incidence estimates

    Reliable health metrics are crucial for accurately assessing disease burden and planning interventions. Many health indicators are measured through passive surveillance systems and are reliant on accurate esti...

    Elisabeth zu Erbach-Schoenberg, Victor A. Alegana, Alessandro Sorichetta, Catherine Linard, Christoper Lourenço, Nick W. Ruktanonchai, Bonita Graupe, Tomas J. Bird, Carla Pezzulo, Amy Wesolowski and Andrew J. Tatem

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:35

    Published on: 12 October 2016

  16. Research

    The use of a lot quality assurance sampling methodology to assess and manage primary health interventions in conflict-affected West Darfur, Sudan

    Organizations working in conflict-affected areas have a need to monitor and evaluate their programs, however this is often difficult due to the logistical challenges of conflict areas. Lot quality assurance sa...

    Kiemanh Pham, Emily Chambers Sharpe, William M. Weiss and Alexander Vu

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:34

    Published on: 6 October 2016

  17. Research

    Ethnic differences in prevalence and risk factors for hypertension in the Suriname Health Study: a cross sectional population study

    Limited information is available about the prevalence, ethnic disparities, and risk factors of hypertension within developing countries. We used data from a nationwide study on non-communicable disease (NCD) r...

    Ingrid S. K. Krishnadath, Vincent W. V. Jaddoe, Lenny M. Nahar-van Venrooij and Jerry R. Toelsie

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:33

    Published on: 17 September 2016

  18. Research

    A feasibility study on using smartphones to conduct short-version verbal autopsies in rural China

    Currently there are two main sources of mortality data with cause of death assignments in China. Both sources–the Ministry of Health-Vital Registration system and the Chinese Disease Surveillance Point system–...

    Jing Zhang, Rohina Joshi, Jixin Sun, Samantha R. Rosenthal, Miao Tong, Cong Li, Rasika Rampatige, Meghan Mooney, Alan Lopez and Lijing L. Yan

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:31

    Published on: 20 August 2016

  19. Research

    Disparities in length of life across developed countries: measuring and decomposing changes over time within and between country groups

    Over the past half century the global tendency for improvements in longevity has been uneven across countries. This has resulted in widening of inter-country disparities in life expectancy. Moreover, the patte...

    Sergey Timonin, Vladimir M. Shkolnikov, Domantas Jasilionis, Pavel Grigoriev, Dmitry A. Jdanov and David A. Leon

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:29

    Published on: 11 August 2016

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