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  1. During the previous century the average lifespan in the United States (US) increased by over 30 years, with much of this increase attributed to public health initiatives. This report examines further gains tha...

    Authors: Scott R. Kegler, Grant T. Baldwin, Rose A. Rudd and Michael F. Ballesteros

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:32

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  2. Ethiopia lacks a complete vital registration system that would assist in measuring disease burden and risk factors. We used the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) estim...

    Authors: Awoke Misganaw, Tilahun N. Haregu, Kebede Deribe, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Amare Deribew, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Azmeraw T. Amare, Semaw Ferede Abera, Molla Gedefaw, Muluken Dessalegn, Yihunie Lakew, Tolesa Bekele, Mesoud Mohammed, Biruck Desalegn Yirsaw, Solomon Abrha Damtew, Kristopher J. Krohn…

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:29

    Content type: Research

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  3. Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) provide a summary measure of health and can be a critical input to guide health systems, investments, and priority-setting in Ethiopia. We aimed to determine the leading ...

    Authors: Awoke Misganaw, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Amare Deribew, Kebede Deribe, Semaw Ferede Abera, Muluken Dessalegn, Yihunie Lakew, Tolesa Bekele, Tilahun N. Haregu, Azmeraw T. Amare, Molla Gedefaw, Mesoud Mohammed, Biruck Desalegn Yirsaw, Solomon Abrha Damtew, Tom Achoki…

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:28

    Content type: Research

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  4. Reliable data on causes of death form the basis for building evidence on health policy, planning, monitoring, and evaluation. In Ethiopia, the majority of deaths occur at home and civil registration systems ar...

    Authors: Yigzaw Kebede, Gashaw Andargie, Abebaw Gebeyehu, Tadesse Awoke, Mezgebu Yitayal, Solomon Mekonnen, Mamo Wubshet, Temesgen Azmeraw, Yihunie Lakew and Kassahun Alemu

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:27

    Content type: Research

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  5. Reliable estimates of mortality according to socioeconomic status play a crucial role in informing the policy debate about social inequality, social cohesion, and exclusion as well as about the reform of pensi...

    Authors: Mathias Lerch, Adrian Spoerri, Domantas Jasilionis and Francisco Viciana Fernandèz

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:26

    Content type: Research

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Population Health Metrics 2017 15:31

  6. The health status of Indigenous populations of Australia and New Zealand (NZ) Māori manifests as life expectancies substantially lower than the total population. Accurate assessment of time trends in mortality...

    Authors: Bronwen Phillips, John Daniels, Alistair Woodward, Tony Blakely, Richard Taylor and Stephen Morrell

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:25

    Content type: Research

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  7. Cause-specific (CS) and net survival in a relative survival framework (RS) are two of the most common methods for estimating cancer survival. In this paper, we assess the differences in results produced by two...

    Authors: Diana R. Withrow, Jason D. Pole, E. Diane Nishri, Michael Tjepkema and Loraine D. Marrett

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:24

    Content type: Research

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  8. We aimed to study the time trends underlying a change from cardiovascular disease (CVD) to cancer as the most common cause of age-standardized mortality in the UK between 1983 and 2013.

    Authors: Lauren Wilson, Prachi Bhatnagar and Nick Townsend

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:23

    Content type: Research

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  9. The health problems of adults have been neglected in many developing countries, yet many studies in these countries show high rates of premature mortality in adults. Measuring adult mortality and its cause thr...

    Authors: Wondimye Ashenafi, Frehywot Eshetu, Nega Assefa, Lemessa Oljira, Melkamu Dedefo, Desalew Zelalem, Negga Baraki and Melake Demena

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:22

    Content type: Research

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  10. The rural family physician program and social protection scheme were started in Iran about 10 years ago, and no comprehensive study has been carried out to investigate the effects of this program on mortality-...

    Authors: Shohreh Naderimagham, Hamidreza Jamshidi, Alireza Khajavi, Farhad Pishgar, Ali Ardam, Bagher Larijani, Zohreh Mahmoudi, Alireza Jeddian, Hamid Reza Bahrami-Taghanaki and Farshad Farzadfar

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:21

    Content type: Research

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  11. Multiple cause-of-death (MCOD) data allow analyzing the contribution to mortality of conditions reported on the death certificate that are not selected as the underlying cause of death. Using MCOD data, this s...

    Authors: Enrico Grande, Antonella Zucchetto, Barbara Suligoi, Francesco Grippo, Marilena Pappagallo, Saverio Virdone, Laura Camoni, Martina Taborelli, Vincenza Regine, Diego Serraino and Luisa Frova

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:19

    Content type: Research

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  12. In the “fourth stage” of epidemiological transition, the distribution of non-communicable diseases is expected to shift to more advanced ages, but age-specific changes beyond 80 years of age have not been repo...

    Authors: Nisha C. Hazra and Martin Gulliford

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:18

    Content type: Research

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Population Health Metrics 2017 15:30

  13. To facilitate priority-setting in health policymaking, we compiled the best available information to estimate the adult mortality (>30 years) burden attributable to 13 metabolic, lifestyle, infectious, and env...

    Authors: Wei-Cheng Lo, Chu-Chang Ku, Shu-Ti Chiou, Chang-Chuan Chan, Chi‐Ling Chen, Mei-Shu Lai and Hsien-Ho Lin

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:17

    Content type: Research

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  14. Metrics based on self-reports of health status have been proposed for tracking population health and making comparisons among different populations. While these metrics have been used in the US to explore disp...

    Authors: Laura Dwyer-Lindgren, Johan P. Mackenbach, Frank J. van Lenthe and Ali H. Mokdad

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:16

    Content type: Research

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  15. Internationally, ethnic inequalities in mortality within countries are increasingly recognized as a public health concern. But few countries have data to monitor such inequalities. We aimed to provide a detail...

    Authors: George Disney, Andrea Teng, June Atkinson, Nick Wilson and Tony Blakely

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:15

    Content type: Research

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  16. Morbidity estimates between different GP registration networks show large, unexplained variations. This research explores the potential of modeling differences between networks in distinguishing new (incident)...

    Authors: Hendrike C. Boshuizen, Marinus J. J. C. Poos, Marjan van den Akker, Kees van Boven, Joke C. Korevaar, Margot W. M. de Waal, Marion C. J. Biermans and Nancy Hoeymans

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:13

    Content type: Research

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  17. The global burden of anemia is large especially in sub-Saharan Africa, where HIV is common and lifestyles are changing rapidly with urbanization. The effects of these changes are unknown. Studies of anemia usu...

    Authors: Aishatu L. Adamu, Amelia Crampin, Ndoliwe Kayuni, Alemayehu Amberbir, Olivier Koole, Amos Phiri, Moffat Nyirenda and Paul Fine

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:12

    Content type: Research

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  18. Despite the well-established need for specific measurement instruments to examine the relationship between neighborhood conditions and adolescent well-being outcomes, few studies have developed scales to measu...

    Authors: Gina Martin, Joanna Inchley, Gerry Humphris and Candace Currie

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:11

    Content type: Research

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  19. Insight into the change from pre- to post-injury health-related quality of life (HRQL) of trauma patients is important to derive estimates of the impact of injury on HRQL. Prospectively collected pre-injury HR...

    Authors: Annemieke C. Scholten, Juanita A. Haagsma, Ewout W. Steyerberg, Ed F. van Beeck and Suzanne Polinder

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:10

    Content type: Review

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  20. In aging populations, multimorbidity causes a disease burden of growing importance and cost. However, estimates of the prevalence of multimorbidity (prevMM) vary widely across studies, impeding valid compariso...

    Authors: Barbara M. Holzer, Klarissa Siebenhuener, Matthias Bopp and Christoph E. Minder

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:9

    Content type: Research

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  21. Burden of disease (BoD) as measured by Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) is one of the criteria for priority-setting in health care resource allocation. DALYs incorporate disability weights (DWs), which a...

    Authors: D. Poenaru, J. Pemberton, C. Frankfurter, B. H. Cameron and E. Stolk

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:8

    Content type: Research

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  22. The aim of this study was to determine whether the incidence and survival of patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) due to polycystic kidney disease (PKD) has changed in Australia and New Zealand.

    Authors: Mangalee R. Fernando, Hannah Dent, Stephen P. McDonald and Gopala K. Rangan

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:7

    Content type: Research

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  23. Recent population dietary studies indicate that diets rich in ultra-processed foods, increasingly frequent worldwide, are grossly nutritionally unbalanced, suggesting that the dietary contribution of these foo...

    Authors: Euridice Martínez Steele, Barry M. Popkin, Boyd Swinburn and Carlos A. Monteiro

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:6

    Content type: Research

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  24. In the first part of this review, the nature of the associations between alcohol use and HIV/AIDS is discussed. Alcohol use has been found to be strongly associated with incidence and progression of HIV/AIDS, ...

    Authors: Jürgen Rehm, Charlotte Probst, Kevin D. Shield and Paul A. Shuper

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:4

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  25. Low-cost, cross-culturally comparable measures of the motor, cognitive, and socioemotional skills of children under 3 years remain scarce. In the present paper, we aim to develop a new caregiver-reported early...

    Authors: Dana Charles McCoy, Christopher R. Sudfeld, David C. Bellinger, Alfa Muhihi, Geofrey Ashery, Taylor E. Weary, Wafaie Fawzi and Günther Fink

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. Incidence rates are fundamental to epidemiology, but their magnitude and interpretation depend on methodological choices. We aimed to examine the extent to which the definition of the study population affects ...

    Authors: Hannah L. Brooke, Mats Talbäck, Maria Feychting and Rickard Ljung

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:2

    Content type: Research

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  27. Net survival is the most common measure of cancer prognosis and has been used to study differentials in cancer survival between ethnic or racial population subgroups. However, net survival ignores competing ri...

    Authors: Vincent Y. F. He, John R. Condon, Peter D. Baade, Xiaohua Zhang and Yuejen Zhao

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:1

    Content type: Research

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  28. Monitoring national mortality among persons with a disease is important to guide and evaluate progress in disease control and prevention. However, a method to estimate nationally representative annual mortalit...

    Authors: Yiling J. Cheng, Edward W. Gregg, Deborah B. Rolka and Theodore J. Thompson

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2016 14:48

    Content type: Research

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  29. Disease burden is not evenly distributed within a population; this uneven distribution can be due to individual heterogeneity in progression rates between disease stages. Composite measures of disease burden t...

    Authors: Scott A. McDonald, Brecht Devleesschauwer and Jacco Wallinga

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2016 14:47

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) incidence is traditionally derived from cohort studies that are not always feasible, representative, or available. The present study estimates T2DM incidence in Fijian adults fr...

    Authors: Stephen Morrell, Sophia Lin, Isimeli Tukana, Christine Linhart, Richard Taylor, Penina Vatucawaqa, Dianna J Magliano and Paul Zimmet

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2016 14:45

    Content type: Research

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  31. To improve population health it is crucial to understand the different care needs within a population. Traditional population groups are often based on characteristics such as age or morbidities. However, this...

    Authors: Sabine I. Vuik, Erik Mayer and Ara Darzi

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2016 14:44

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 28.9 million adults had diabetes in 2012 in the US, though many patients are undiagnosed or not managing their condition. This study provides US na...

    Authors: Timothy M. Dall, Weyna Yang, Pragna Halder, Jerry Franz, Erin Byrne, April P. Semilla, Ritashree Chakrabarti and Bruce Stuart

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2016 14:43

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. Ethiopia has made remarkable progress in reducing child mortality over the last two decades. However, the under-5 mortality rate in Ethiopia is still higher than the under-5 mortality rates of several low- and...

    Authors: Amare Deribew, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Kebede Deribe, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Yihunie Lakew, Azmeraw T. Amare, Semaw F. Abera, Mesoud Mohammed, Abiy Hiruye, Efrem Teklay, Awoke Misganaw and Nicholas Kassebaum

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2016 14:42

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Only a few studies like ours have investigated the effect of long-term stable iodine supply on thyroid disorders in a historically iodine-deficient population, but not with a long follow-up time of 10 years.

    Authors: Rehman Mehmood Khattak, Till Ittermann, Matthias Nauck, Harald Below and Henry Völzke

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2016 14:39

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. In 2001, the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) commenced in Taiwan. This survey, conducted on a sample of the whole Taiwanese population, is nationally representative and has a high response rate (>80 %)...

    Authors: Chi-Yung Chiang and Hsing-Yi Chang

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2016 14:38

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Worldwide, there is concern that increases in the prevalence of dementia will result in large demands for caregivers and supportive services that will be challenging to address. Previous dementia projections h...

    Authors: Douglas G. Manuel, Rochelle Garner, Philippe Finès, Christina Bancej, William Flanagan, Karen Tu, Kim Reimer, Larry W. Chambers and Julie Bernier

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2016 14:37

    Content type: Research

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  37. Oral health in nursing home residents is poor. Robust, mandated assessment tools such as the Resident Assessment Instrument – Minimum Data Set (RAI-MDS) 2.0 are key to monitoring and improving quality of oral ...

    Authors: Matthias Hoben, Jeffrey W. Poss, Peter G. Norton and Carole A. Estabrooks

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2016 14:36

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. We believe that it is important that governments understand the reliability of the mortality data which they have at their disposable to guide policy debates. In many instances, verbal autopsy (VA) will be the...

    Authors: Peter Serina, Ian Riley, Bernardo Hernandez, Abraham D. Flaxman, Devarsetty Praveen, Veronica Tallo, Rohina Joshi, Diozele Sanvictores, Andrea Stewart, Meghan D. Mooney, Christopher J. L. Murray and Alan D. Lopez

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2016 14:41

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. One key contextual feature in Verbal Autopsy (VA) is the time between death and survey administration, or recall period. This study quantified the effect of recall period on VA performance by using a paired da...

    Authors: Peter Serina, Ian Riley, Bernardo Hernandez, Abraham D. Flaxman, Devarsetty Praveen, Veronica Tallo, Rohina Joshi, Diozele Sanvictores, Andrea Stewart, Meghan D. Mooney, Christopher J. L. Murray and Alan D. Lopez

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2016 14:40

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Reliable health metrics are crucial for accurately assessing disease burden and planning interventions. Many health indicators are measured through passive surveillance systems and are reliant on accurate esti...

    Authors: Elisabeth zu Erbach-Schoenberg, Victor A. Alegana, Alessandro Sorichetta, Catherine Linard, Christoper Lourenço, Nick W. Ruktanonchai, Bonita Graupe, Tomas J. Bird, Carla Pezzulo, Amy Wesolowski and Andrew J. Tatem

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2016 14:35

    Content type: Research

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  41. Organizations working in conflict-affected areas have a need to monitor and evaluate their programs, however this is often difficult due to the logistical challenges of conflict areas. Lot quality assurance sa...

    Authors: Kiemanh Pham, Emily Chambers Sharpe, William M. Weiss and Alexander Vu

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2016 14:34

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Limited information is available about the prevalence, ethnic disparities, and risk factors of hypertension within developing countries. We used data from a nationwide study on non-communicable disease (NCD) r...

    Authors: Ingrid S. K. Krishnadath, Vincent W. V. Jaddoe, Lenny M. Nahar-van Venrooij and Jerry R. Toelsie

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2016 14:33

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. Currently there are two main sources of mortality data with cause of death assignments in China. Both sources–the Ministry of Health-Vital Registration system and the Chinese Disease Surveillance Point system–...

    Authors: Jing Zhang, Rohina Joshi, Jixin Sun, Samantha R. Rosenthal, Miao Tong, Cong Li, Rasika Rampatige, Meghan Mooney, Alan Lopez and Lijing L. Yan

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2016 14:31

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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