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  1. Content type: Research

    Although diabetes is one of the most costly and rapidly increasing serious chronic diseases worldwide, the optimal mix of strategies to reduce diabetes prevalence has not been determined.

    Authors: Edward W Gregg, James P Boyle, Theodore J Thompson, Lawrence E Barker, Ann L Albright and David F Williamson

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2013 11:18

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  2. Content type: Review

    Neisseria meningitidis is one of the leading causes of bacterial meningitis globally and can also cause sepsis, pneumonia, and other manifestations. In countries with high endemic rates, the disease burden place...

    Authors: Rabab Z Jafri, Asad Ali, Nancy E Messonnier, Carol Tevi-Benissan, David Durrheim, Juhani Eskola, Florence Fermon, Keith P Klugman, Mary Ramsay, Samba Sow, Shao Zhujun, Zulfiqar A Bhutta and Jon Abramson

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2013 11:17

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  3. Content type: Research

    Smoking is one of the leading causes of preventable mortality. The World Health Organization recommends that countries should monitor tobacco use regularly. In Pakistan, the last national study on smoking in t...

    Authors: Sara Ijaz Gilani and David A Leon

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2013 11:16

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  4. Content type: Research

    Although the relationship between self-rated health (SRH) and physical and mental health is well documented in developed countries, very few studies have analyzed this association in the developing world, part...

    Authors: Yentéma Onadja, Simona Bignami, Clémentine Rossier and Maria-Victoria Zunzunegui

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2013 11:15

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  5. Content type: Research

    The relationship between health services and population outcomes is an important area of public health research that requires bringing together data on outcomes and the relevant service environment. Linking in...

    Authors: Martha Priedeman Skiles, Clara R Burgert, Siân L Curtis and John Spencer

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2013 11:14

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  6. Content type: Research

    Estimates of under-5 mortality at the national level for countries without high-quality vital registration systems are routinely derived from birth history data in censuses and surveys. Subnational or stratifi...

    Authors: Laura Dwyer-Lindgren, Emmanuela Gakidou, Abraham Flaxman and Haidong Wang

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2013 11:13

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  7. Content type: Research

    Selection bias is common in clinic-based HIV surveillance. Clinics located in HIV hotspots are often the first to be chosen and monitored, while clinics in less prevalent areas are added to the surveillance sy...

    Authors: Marie Ng, Emmanuela Gakidou, Christopher JL Murray and Stephen S Lim

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2013 11:12

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  8. Content type: Research

    The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have prompted an expansion in approaches to deriving health metrics to measure progress toward their achievement. Accurate measurements should take into account the high...

    Authors: Andrew J Tatem, Andres J Garcia, Robert W Snow, Abdisalan M Noor, Andrea E Gaughan, Marius Gilbert and Catherine Linard

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2013 11:11

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  9. Content type: Commentary

    In the current issue of Population Health Metrics, two reports paint a bleak picture of American public health. Both physical inactivity and obesity remain highly prevalent; yet, it is not clear that increased ph...

    Authors: Michael S Lauer

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2013 11:10

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  10. Content type: Research

    The United States spends more than any other country on health care. The poor relative performance of the US compared to other high-income countries has attracted attention and raised questions about the perfo...

    Authors: Haidong Wang, Austin E Schumacher, Carly E Levitz, Ali H Mokdad and Christopher JL Murray

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2013 11:8

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  11. Content type: Research

    The objective of these analyses is to document the relationship between biomarker-based indicators of health and socioeconomic status (SES) in a low-income African population where the cumulative effects of ex...

    Authors: Iliana V Kohler, Beth J Soldo, Philip Anglewicz, Ben Chilima and Hans-Peter Kohler

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2013 11:4

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  12. Content type: Research

    There is strong evidence on the efficacy of behavioral modification and treatment for reducing diabetes incidence and diabetes-related morbidity and mortality in persons with pre-diabetes and diabetes. But the...

    Authors: Andrew Stokes and Neil K Mehta

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2013 11:3

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  13. Content type: Research

    Published estimates of Aboriginal mortality and life expectancy (LE) for the eastern Australian states are derived from demographic modelling techniques to estimate the population and extent of under-recording...

    Authors: Stephen Morrell, Bronwen Phillips, Richard Taylor, John Daniels, Kate Burgess and Naomi Mayers

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2013 11:2

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  14. Content type: Research

    Stunting results from decreased food intake, poor diet quality, and a high burden of early childhood infections, and contributes to significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although food insecurity is an...

    Authors: Stephanie Psaki, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Tahmeed Ahmed, Shamsir Ahmed, Pascal Bessong, Munirul Islam, Sushil John, Margaret Kosek, Aldo Lima, Cebisa Nesamvuni, Prakash Shrestha, Erling Svensen, Monica McGrath, Stephanie Richard, Jessica Seidman, Laura Caulfield…

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2012 10:24

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  15. Content type: Research

    Surveillance systems often present data by means of summary measures, like age-standardised rates. In this study, we aimed at comparing information derived from commonly used measures of smoking with that pres...

    Authors: Bruno Federico, Giovanni Capelli, Giuseppe Costa, Johan P Mackenbach and Anton E Kunst

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2012 10:23

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  16. Content type: Research

    Overweight and obesity prevalence are commonly used for public and policy communication of the extent of the obesity epidemic, yet comparable estimates of trends in overweight and obesity prevalence by country...

    Authors: Gretchen A Stevens, Gitanjali M Singh, Yuan Lu, Goodarz Danaei, John K Lin, Mariel M Finucane, Adil N Bahalim, Russell K McIntire, Hialy R Gutierrez, Melanie Cowan, Christopher J Paciorek, Farshad Farzadfar, Leanne Riley and Majid Ezzati

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2012 10:22

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  17. Content type: Review

    To systematically review the methodology of general burden of disease studies. Three key questions were addressed: 1) what was the quality of the data, 2) which methodological choices were made to calculate di...

    Authors: Suzanne Polinder, Juanita A Haagsma, Claudia Stein and Arie H Havelaar

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2012 10:21

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  18. Content type: Research

    Self-reported height and weight are commonly collected at the population level; however, they can be subject to measurement error. The impact of this error on predicted risk, discrimination, and calibration of...

    Authors: Laura C Rosella, Paul Corey, Therese A Stukel, Cam Mustard, Jan Hux and Doug G Manuel

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2012 10:20

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  19. Content type: Research

    During 2010, a community-based, sentinel site prospective surveillance system measured mortality, acute malnutrition prevalence, and the coverage of a Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) intervention in four sous-p...

    Authors: Grazia M Caleo, Aly Penda Sy, Serge Balandine, Jonathan Polonsky, Pedro Pablo Palma, Rebecca Freeman Grais and Francesco Checchi

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2012 10:18

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  20. Content type: Research

    Infertility is a significant disability, yet there are no reliable estimates of its global prevalence. Studies on infertility prevalence define the condition inconsistently, rendering the comparison of studies...

    Authors: Maya N Mascarenhas, Hoiwan Cheung, Colin D Mathers and Gretchen A Stevens

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2012 10:17

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  21. Content type: Review

    A comprehensive revision of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study is expected to be completed in 2012. This study utilizes a broad range of improved methods for assessing burden, including closer attention ...

    Authors: Alize J Ferrari, Sukanta Saha, John J McGrath, Rosana Norman, Amanda J Baxter, Theo Vos and Harvey A Whiteford

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2012 10:16

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  22. Content type: Research

    Although obesity is a risk factor for many chronic diseases, we have only limited knowledge of the magnitude of these associations in young adults. A multiethnic cohort of young adults was established to close...

    Authors: Corinna Koebnick, Ning Smith, Karl Huang, Mayra P Martinez, Heather A Clancy, Andrew E Williams and Lawrence H Kushi

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2012 10:15

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  23. Content type: Review

    This essay asks whether the global burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors (GBD) should be measured in terms of their consequences for health, as maintained by most of those who are attempting to measur...

    Authors: Daniel M Hausman

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2012 10:13

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  24. Content type: Research

    Income has been extensively studied and utilized as a determinant of health. There are several sources of income expressed as gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, but there are no time series that are comp...

    Authors: Spencer L James, Paul Gubbins, Christopher JL Murray and Emmanuela Gakidou

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2012 10:12

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  25. Content type: Research

    Measured or modeled levels of outdoor air pollution are being used as proxies for individual exposure in a growing number of epidemiological studies. We studied the accuracy of such approaches, in comparison w...

    Authors: Emilie Stroh, Ralf Rittner, Anna Oudin, Jonas Ardö, Kristina Jakobsson, Jonas Björk and Håkan Tinnerberg

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2012 10:10

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  26. Content type: Research

    Alcohol consumption is a major risk factor for injuries; however, international data on this burden are limited. This article presents new methods to quantify the burden of injuries attributable to alcohol con...

    Authors: Kevin D Shield, Gerrit Gmel, Jayadeep Patra and Jürgen Rehm

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2012 10:9

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  27. Content type: Review

    The use of Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) in disease surveys and reporting is becoming increasingly routine, enabling a better understanding of spatial epidemiology...

    Authors: Andrew J Tatem, Susana Adamo, Nita Bharti, Clara R Burgert, Marcia Castro, Audrey Dorelien, Gunter Fink, Catherine Linard, Mendelsohn John, Livia Montana, Mark R Montgomery, Andrew Nelson, Abdisalan M Noor, Deepa Pindolia, Greg Yetman and Deborah Balk

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2012 10:8

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  28. Content type: Research

    The objectives of this study were to estimate life expectancy (LE) and health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE) for Canadians with and without diabetes and to evaluate the impact of diabetes on population health...

    Authors: Lidia Loukine, Chris Waters, Bernard CK Choi and Joellyn Ellison

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2012 10:7

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  29. Content type: Research

    The goals of our study are to determine the most appropriate model for alcohol consumption as an exposure for burden of disease, to analyze the effect of the chosen alcohol consumption distribution on the esti...

    Authors: Tara Kehoe, Gerrit Gmel, Kevin D Shield, Gerhard Gmel and Jürgen Rehm

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2012 10:6

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  30. Content type: Research

    Foodborne diseases (FBD) comprise a large part of the global mortality burden, yet the true extent of their impact remains unknown. The present study utilizes multiple regression with the first attempt to use ...

    Authors: Laura A Hanson, Elizabeth A Zahn, Sommer R Wild, Dörte Döpfer, James Scott and Claudia Stein

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2012 10:5

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  31. Content type: Research

    Detailed cause of death data by age group and sex are critical to identify key public health issues and target interventions appropriately. In this study the quality of local routinely collected cause of death...

    Authors: Karen Carter, Sione Hufanga, Chalapati Rao, Sione Akauola, Alan D Lopez, Rasika Rampatige and Richard Taylor

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2012 10:4

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  32. Content type: Research

    Studies of socioeconomic inequalities in mortality consistently point to higher death rates in lower socioeconomic groups. Yet how these between-group differences relate to the total variation in mortality ris...

    Authors: Alyson A van Raalte, Anton E Kunst, Olle Lundberg, Mall Leinsalu, Pekka Martikainen, Barbara Artnik, Patrick Deboosere, Irina Stirbu, Bogdan Wojtyniak and Johan P Mackenbach

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2012 10:3

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  33. Content type: Research

    Data on causes of death by age and sex are a critical input into health decision-making. Priority setting in public health should be informed not only by the current magnitude of health problems but by trends ...

    Authors: Kyle J Foreman, Rafael Lozano, Alan D Lopez and Christopher JL Murray

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2012 10:1

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  34. Content type: Research

    Type 2 diabetes is associated with low socioeconomic position (SEP) in high-income countries. Despite the important role of SEP in the development of many diseases, no socioeconomic indicator was included in t...

    Authors: Emilie E Agardh, Anna Sidorchuk, Johan Hallqvist, Rickard Ljung, Stefan Peterson, Tahereh Moradi and Peter Allebeck

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:60

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  35. Content type: Research

    Public health surveillance is often concerned with the analysis of health outcomes over small areas. Funnel plots have been proposed as a useful tool for assessing and visualizing surveillance data, but their ...

    Authors: Douglas C Dover and Donald P Schopflocher

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:58

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  36. Content type: Research

    Nutrition and mortality surveys are the main tools whereby evidence on the health status of populations affected by disasters and armed conflict is quantified and monitored over time. Several reviews have cons...

    Authors: Claudine Prudhon, Xavier de Radiguès, Nancy Dale and Francesco Checchi

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:57

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  37. Content type: Research

    No recent national studies have provided incidence data for obesity, nor have they examined the association between incidence and selected risk factors. The purpose of this study is to examine the incidence of...

    Authors: Liping Pan, David S Freedman, Cathleen Gillespie, Sohyun Park and Bettylou Sherry

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:56

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  38. Content type: Research

    Mortality from cardiovascular and other chronic diseases has increased in Iran. Our aim was to estimate the effects of smoking and high systolic blood pressure (SBP), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), total choles...

    Authors: Farshad Farzadfar, Goodarz Danaei, Hengameh Namdaritabar, Julie Knoll Rajaratnam, Jacob R Marcus, Ardeshir Khosravi, Siamak Alikhani, Christopher JL Murray and Majid Ezzati

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:55

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  39. Content type: Research

    Appalachia is a region of the United States noted for the poverty and poor health outcomes of its residents. Residents of the poorest Appalachian counties have a high prevalence of diabetes and risk factors (o...

    Authors: Lawrence Barker, Robert Gerzoff, Richard Crespo and Molly Shrewsberry

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:54

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