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Table 5 Ranking of nine disease stages according to mean time trade-off (TTO) values in 5 Western European countries and by professional category (standard deviation in parentheses).

From: Cross-national agreement on disability weights: the European Disability Weights Project

  All England France Netherlands Spain Sweden Health care professionals Non-health care professionals
Disease stages (n = 232) (n = 50) (n = 46) (n = 50) (n = 47) (n = 39) (n = 113) (n = 119)
Vision disorder (mild/moderate) 0.04 (0.10) 0.04 (0.10) 0.09 (0.19) 0.03 (0.05) 0.01 (0.02) 0.01 (0.03) 0.05 (0.13) 0.03 (0.06)
Chronic low back pain 0.11 (0.12) 0.14 (0.14) 0.04 (0.08) 0.15 (0.12) 0.11 (0.10) 0.08 (0.13) 0.09 (0.11) 0.12 (0.13)
Uncomplicated diabetes 0.13 (0.15) 0.11 (0.16) 0.17 (0.17) 0.14 (0.13) 0.12 (0.08) 0.11 (0.19) 0.09 (0.12) 0.17 (0.16)
Severe asthma 0.15 (0.15) 0.18 (0.15) 0.11 (0.14) 0.23 (0.13) 0.12 (0.15) 0.12 (0.13) 0.14 (0.13) 0.17 (0.16)
Breast cancer (disease-free stage without sequelae) 0.20 (0.16) 0.17 (0.13) 0.20 (0.22) 0.27 (0.13) 0.21 (0.14) 0.17 (0.18) 0.18 (0.14) 0.22 (0.18)
Severe stable angina (NYHA3) 0.33 (0.20) 0.33 (0.23) 0.26 (0.22) 0.41 (0.15) 0.39 (0.14) 0.24 (0.21) 0.30 (0.19) 0.36 (0.21)
Stroke (moderate permanent impairments) 0.42 (0.24) 0.43 (0.23) 0.40 (0.27) 0.50 (0.22) 0.46 (0.21) 0.30 (0.21) 0.40 (0.24) 0.45 (0.23)
Severe depression 0.67 (0.26) 0.55 (0.32) 0.62 (0.28) 0.81 (0.15) 0.73 (0.18) 0.63 (0.26) 0.63 (0.27) 0.71 (0.25)
Quadriplegia 0.75 (0.24) 0.74 (0.26) 0.73 (0.26) 0.82 (0.17) 0.81 (0.20) 0.65 (0.29) 0.75 (0.24) 0.75 (0.24)
  1. New-York Heart Association (NYHA)