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  1. Monitoring abortion rates is highly relevant for demographic and public health considerations, yet its reliable estimation is fraught with uncertainty due to lack of complete national health facility service s...

    Authors: Suzanne O. Bell, Mridula Shankar, Elizabeth Omoluabi, Anoop Khanna, Hyacinthe Kouakou Andoh, Funmilola OlaOlorun, Danish Ahmad, Georges Guiella, Saifuddin Ahmed and Caroline Moreau

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18:28

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Research concerning the causes and consequences of intimate partner violence (IPV), particularly in less developed areas of the world, has become prominent in the last two decades. Although a number of potenti...

    Authors: John Sandberg, Rosalind Fennell, Yacine Boujija, Laetitia Douillot, Valerie Delaunay, Simona Bignami, Wubin Xie, Cheikh Sokhna and Steven Rytina

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18:27

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  3. Nationally representative household surveys are the gold standard for tracking progress in coverage of life-saving maternal and child interventions, but often do not provide timely information on coverage at t...

    Authors: Elizabeth M. Simmons, Kavita Singh, Jamiru Mpiima, Manish Kumar and William Weiss

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18:26

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  4. The number of older Australians using aged care services is increasing, yet there is an absence of reliable data on their health. Multimorbidity in this population has not been well described. A clear picture ...

    Authors: Kimberly E. Lind, Magdalena Z. Raban, Lindsey Brett, Mikaela L. Jorgensen, Andrew Georgiou and Johanna I. Westbrook

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18:25

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  5. The present study sought to analyze smoking prevalence and smoking-attributable mortality estimates produced by the 2017 Global Burden of Disease Study for Brazil, 26 states, and the Federal District.

    Authors: Deborah Carvalho Malta, Luisa Sorio Flor, Ísis Eloah Machado, Mariana Santos Felisbino-Mendes, Luisa Campos Caldeira Brant, Antonio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro, Renato Azeredo Teixeira, Eduardo Marques Macário, Marissa B. Reitsma, Scott Glenn, Mohsen Naghavi and Emmanuela Gakidou

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):24

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  6. Registered causes in vital statistics classified as garbage codes (GC) are considered indicators of quality of cause-of-death data. Our aim was to describe temporal changes in this quality in Brazil, and the l...

    Authors: Elisabeth França, Lenice Harumi Ishitani, Renato Teixeira, Bruce B. Duncan, Fatima Marinho and Mohsen Naghavi

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):20

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  7. Brazil leads the world in number of firearm deaths and ranks sixth by country in rate of firearm deaths per 100,000 people. This study aims to analyze trends in and burden of mortality by firearms, according t...

    Authors: Deborah Carvalho Malta, Adauto Martins Soares Filho, Isabella Vitral Pinto, Maria Cecília de Souza Minayo, Cheila Marina Lima, Ísis Eloah Machado, Renato Azeredo Teixeira, Otaliba Libânio Morais Neto, Roberto Marini Ladeira, Edgar Merchan-Hamann, Maria de Fatima Marinho de Souza, Cíntia Honório Vasconcelos, Carlos Cezar Flores Vidotti, Ewerton Cousin, Scott Glenn, Catherine Bisignano…

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):19

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  8. The prevalence and burden of disease resulting from obesity have increased worldwide. In Brazil, more than half of the population is now overweight. However, the impact of this growing risk factor on disease b...

    Authors: Mariana Santos Felisbino-Mendes, Ewerton Cousin, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Ísis Eloah Machado, Antonio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro, Bruce Bartholow Duncan, Maria Inês Schmidt, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Scott Glenn, Ashkan Afshin and Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):18

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  9. Hypertension remains the leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) worldwide, and its impact in Brazil should be assessed in order to better address the issue. We aimed to describe trends in prevale...

    Authors: Bruno Ramos Nascimento, Luísa Campos Caldeira Brant, Simon Yadgir, Gláucia Maria Moraes Oliveira, Gregory Roth, Scott Devon Glenn, Meghan Mooney, Mohsen Naghavi, Valéria Maria Azeredo Passos, Bruce Bartholow Duncan, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Deborah Carvalho Malta and Antonio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):17

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  10. Monitoring and reducing premature mortality due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is a global priority of Agenda 2030. This study aimed to describe the mortality trends and disability-adjusted life years (DA...

    Authors: Deborah Carvalho Malta, Bruce Bartholow Duncan, Maria Inês Schmidt, Renato Teixeira, Antonio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro, Mariana Santos Felisbino-Mendes, Ísis Eloah Machado, Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez, Luisa Campos Caldeira Brant, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Bruno R Nascimento, Ewerton Cousin, Scott Glenn and Mohsen Naghavi

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):16

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  11. Brazil is the world’s fifth most populous nation, and is currently experimenting a fast demographic aging process in a context of scarce resources and social inequalities. To understand the health profile of o...

    Authors: Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Ana Paula Silva Champs, Renato Teixeira, Maria Fernanda Furtado Lima-Costa, Renata Kirkwood, Renato Veras, Bruno Ramos Nascimento, Ana Maria Nogales, Maria Inês Schmidt, Bruce Bartholow Duncan, Ewerton Cousin, Mohsen Naghavi and Fatima Marinho Souza

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):14

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  12. The aim of this study was to estimate the mortality from all causes as a result of physical inactivity in Brazil and in Brazilian states over 28 years (1990–2017).

    Authors: Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Mark Stephen Tremblay, Fatima Marinho, Antonio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro, Ewerton Cousin, Bruno Ramos Nascimento, Paulo da Fonseca Valença Neto, Mohsen Naghavi and Deborah Carvalho Malta

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):13

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  13. The prevalence and burden of musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions are growing around the world, and low back pain (LBP) is the most significant of the five defined MSK disorders in the Global Burden of Disease (GB...

    Authors: Caroline Nespolo de David, Lucas de Melo Castro Deligne, Rodolfo Souza da Silva, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Bruce B. Duncan, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos and Ewerton Cousin

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):12

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  14. Estimates of completeness of death registration are crucial to produce estimates of life tables and population projections and to estimate the burden of disease. They are an important step in assessing the qua...

    Authors: Bernardo L Queiroz, Marcos R. Gonzaga, Ana M. N. Vasconcelos, Bruno T. Lopes and Daisy M. X. Abreu

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):11

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  15. Tuberculosis (TB) continues to be an important cause of fatal and non-fatal burden in Brazil. In this study, we present estimates for TB burden in Brazil from 1990 to 2017 using data from the Global Burden of ...

    Authors: Francisco Rogerlândio Martins-Melo, Juliana Maria Trindade Bezerra, David Soeiro Barbosa, Mariângela Carneiro, Kleydson Bonfim Andrade, Antonio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro, Mohsen Naghavi and Guilherme Loureiro Werneck

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):10

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  16. The Global Burden of Diseases (GBD) 2017 database permits an up-to-date evaluation of the frequency and burden of diabetes at the state level in Brazil and by type of diabetes. The objective of this report is ...

    Authors: Bruce Bartholow Duncan, Ewerton Cousin, Mohsen Naghavi, Ashkan Afshin, Elisabeth Barboza França, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Deborah Malta, Bruno R. Nascimento and Maria Inês Schmidt

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):9

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  17. Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in women and the leading cause of cancer death among females worldwide. In recent decades, breast cancer death rates have been stable or decreasing in more...

    Authors: Maximiliano Ribeiro Guerra, Mário Círio Nogueira, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Camila Soares Lima Côrrea, Maria de Fatima Marinho de Souza, Maria Paula Curado, Mariana Santos Felisbino-Mendes, Meghan Mooney, Mohsen Naghavi and Maria Teresa Bustamante-Teixeira

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):8

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  18. Measuring the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) has been the key to verifying the evolution of health indicators worldwide. We analyse subnational GBD data for Brazil in order to monitor the performance of the Br...

    Authors: Daiane Borges Machado, Júlia Moreira Pescarini, Dandara Ramos, Renato Teixeira, Rafael Lozano, Vinicius Oliveira de Moura Pereira, Cimar Azeredo, Rômulo Paes-Sousa, Deborah Carvalho Malta and Mauricio L. Barreto

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  19. Depression is one of the major causes of disability worldwide. The objective of this study was to analyze the results of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 (GBD-2017) for depressive disorders in Brazil an...

    Authors: Cecília Silva Costa Bonadiman, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Mohsen Naghavi and Ana Paula Souto Melo

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  20. This study presents the malaria burden in Brazil from 1990 to 2017 using data from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2017 (GBD 2017), by analyzing disease burden indicators in fed...

    Authors: Juliana Maria Trindade Bezerra, David Soeiro Barbosa, Francisco Rogerlândio Martins-Melo, Guilherme Loureiro Werneck, Érika Martins Braga, Pedro Luiz Tauil and Mariângela Carneiro

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):5

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  21. In this study, infant mortality rate (IMR) inequalities are analyzed from 1990 to 2015 in different geographic scales.

    Authors: Célia Landmann Szwarcwald, Wanessa da Silva de Almeida, Renato Azeredo Teixeira, Elisabeth Barboza França, Marina Jorge de Miranda and Deborah Carvalho Malta

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18(Suppl 1):4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  22. In Brazil, both the Civil Registry (CR) and Ministry of Health (MoH) Mortality Information System (SIM) are sources of routine mortality data, but neither is 100% complete. Deaths from these two sources can be...

    Authors: Luiz Fernando Lima Costa, Marli de Mesquita Silva Montenegro, Dacio de Lyra Rabello Neto, Antonio Tadeu Ribeiro de Oliveira, Jose Eduardo de Oliveira Trindade, Tim Adair and Maria de Fatima Marinho

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18:22

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. Healthy life years have superseded life expectancy (LE) as the most important indicator for population health. The most common approach to separate the total number of life years into those spent in good and p...

    Authors: Markus Sauerberg, Michel Guillot and Marc Luy

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18:21

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. This study aimed to compare three small-area level mortality metrics according to urbanity in Korea: the standardized mortality ratio (SMR), comparative mortality figure (CMF), and life expectancy (LE) by urba...

    Authors: Ikhan Kim, Hwa-Kyung Lim, Hee-Yeon Kang and Young-Ho Khang

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18:3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. There are likely to be differences in alcohol consumption levels and patterns across local areas within a country, yet survey data is often collected at the national or sub-national/regional level and is not r...

    Authors: Robert Pryce, Colin Angus, John Holmes, Duncan Gillespie, Penny Buykx, Petra Meier, Matt Hickman, Frank de Vocht and Alan Brennan

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2020 18:1

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. The aim of this study was to estimate the impact of reducing the prevalence of obesity, smoking, and physical inactivity, and introducing physical activity as an explicit intervention, on the burden of type 2 ...

    Authors: Susanne F. Awad, Martin O’Flaherty, Katie G. El-Nahas, Abdulla O. Al-Hamaq, Julia A. Critchley and Laith J. Abu-Raddad

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:20

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. Control of the Aedes aegypti mosquito is central to reducing the risk of dengue, zika, chikungunya, and yellow fever. Randomised controlled trials, including the Camino Verde trial in Mexico and Nicaragua, demons...

    Authors: Víctor Alvarado-Castro, Sergio Paredes-Solís, Elizabeth Nava-Aguilera, Arcadio Morales-Pérez, Miguel Flores-Moreno, José Legorreta-Soberanis, Esmeralda Jaimes-Néstor, Anne Cockcroft and Neil Andersson

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:18

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. To explore the prevalence and determinants of unawareness of diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia and its association with poor disease control in a multi-ethnic Asian population without cardiovascu...

    Authors: Ryan E. K. Man, Alvin Hong Wei Gan, Eva K. Fenwick, Alfred Tau Liang Gan, Preeti Gupta, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Nicholas Tan, Kah Hie Wong, Tien Yin Wong, Ching-Yu Cheng and Ecosse L. Lamoureux

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:17

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Although identifying vulnerable groups is an important step in shaping appropriate and efficient policies for targeting populations of disabled people, it remains a challenge. This study aims to evaluate for t...

    Authors: Arlette Simo Fotso, Géraldine Duthé and Clifford Odimegwu

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:16

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Low birth weight (LBW) newborns present different health outcomes when classified in different birth weight strata. This study evaluated the relationship of birth weight with Infant mortality (IM) through the ...

    Authors: Cássia Simeão Vilanova, Vânia Naomi Hirakata, Viviane Costa de Souza Buriol, Marina Nunes, Marcelo Zubaran Goldani and Clécio Homrich da Silva

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:15

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. Many studies on migrant health have focused on aspects of morbidity and mortality, but very few approach the relevant issues of migrants’ health considering behavioral risk factors. Previous studies have often...

    Authors: Stefano Campostrini, Giuliano Carrozzi, Santino Severoni, Maria Masocco and Stefania Salmaso

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:14

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Palm oil’s high yields, consequent low cost and highly versatile properties as a cooking oil and food ingredient have resulted in its thorough infiltration of the food sector in some countries. Longitudinal st...

    Authors: Marcus R. Keogh-Brown, Henning Tarp Jensen, Sanjay Basu, Wichai Aekplakorn, Soledad Cuevas, Alan D. Dangour, Shabbir H. Gheewala, Rosemary Green, Edward JM Joy, Nipa Rojroongwasinkul, Nalitra Thaiprasert, Bhavani Shankar and Richard D. Smith

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:12

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. The ability to measure regional health inequalities across Europe and to build adequate population health indices depends significantly on the availability of reliable and comparable data at the regional level...

    Authors: Claudia Costa, Ângela Freitas, Iwa Stefanik, Thomas Krafft, Eva Pilot, Joana Morrison and Paula Santana

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:11

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Doubts exist around the value of compiling league tables for cost-effectiveness results for health interventions, primarily due to methods differences. We aimed to determine if a reasonably coherent league tab...

    Authors: Nick Wilson, Anna Davies, Naomi Brewer, Nhung Nghiem, Linda Cobiac and Tony Blakely

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:10

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Premature mortality is a meaningful indicator of both population health and health system performance, which varies by geography in Ontario. We used the Local Health Integration Network (LHIN) sub-regions to c...

    Authors: Emmalin Buajitti, Tristan Watson, Todd Norwood, Kathy Kornas, Catherine Bornbaum, David Henry and Laura C. Rosella

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:9

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Trends in cause-specific mortality in most African countries are currently estimated from epidemiological models because the coverage of the civil registration system is low and national statistics on causes o...

    Authors: Bruno Masquelier, Gilles Pison, Julio Rakotonirina and Anjarasoa Rasoanomenjanahary

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:8

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. Individual sociodemographic and home neighborhood built environment (BE) factors influence the probability of engaging in health-enhancing levels of walking or moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Me...

    Authors: Anne Vernez Moudon, Ruizhu Huang, Orion T. Stewart, Hannah Cohen-Cline, Carolyn Noonan, Philip M. Hurvitz and Glen E. Duncan

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. Some mortality statistics are misleading when comparing between countries due to varying age distributions in their populations. In order to adjust for these differences, age-standardised mortality rates (ASMR...

    Authors: Shiva Tadayon, Kremlin Wickramasinghe and Nick Townsend

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. Following the publication of this article [1], the authors reported a typesetting error in Table 1 that caused the columns of the table to be ordered incorrectly, and a typographical error in a sentence in the...

    Authors: Andrés Peralta, Joan Benach, Carme Borrell, Verónica Espinel-Flores, Lucinda Cash-Gibson, Bernardo L. Queiroz and Marc Marí-Dell’Olmo

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:5

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Population Health Metrics 2019 17:3

  40. Mortality in Papua New Guinea (PNG) is poorly measured because routine reporting of deaths is incomplete and inaccurate. This study provides the first estimates in the academic literature of adult mortality (4...

    Authors: Urarang Kitur, Tim Adair and Alan D. Lopez

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Mortality registries are an essential data source for public health surveillance and for planning and evaluating public policy. Nevertheless, there are still large inequalities in the completeness and quality ...

    Authors: Andrés Peralta, Joan Benach, Carme Borrell, Verónica Espinel-Flores, Lucinda Cash-Gibson, Bernardo L. Queiroz and Marc Marí-Dell’Olmo

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Population Health Metrics 2019 17:5

  42. Cause of death statistics are an important tool for quality control of the health care system. Their reliability, however, is controversial. Comparing death certificates with their corresponding medical record...

    Authors: Ueli Zellweger, Christoph Junker and Matthias Bopp

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:2

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. Prevention aiming at smoking, alcohol consumption, and BMI could potentially bring large gains in life expectancy (LE) and health expectancy measures such as Healthy Life Years (HLY) and Life Expectancy in Goo...

    Authors: Koen Füssenich, Wilma J. Nusselder, Stefan K. Lhachimi, Hendriek C. Boshuizen and Talitha F. Feenstra

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:1

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Medical certificates of cause of death (MCCOD) issued by hospital physicians are a key input to vital registration systems. Deaths certified by hospital physicians have been implicitly considered to be of high...

    Authors: Marilla Lucero, Ian Douglas Riley, Riley H. Hazard, Diozele Sanvictores, Veronica Tallo, Dorothy Gay Marmita Dumaluan, Juanita M. Ugpo and Alan D. Lopez

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2018 16:23

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. The registration and certification of births has a wide array of individual and societal benefits. While near-universal in some parts of the world, birth registration is less common in many low- and middle-inc...

    Authors: David E. Phillips, Tim Adair and Alan D. Lopez

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2018 16:21

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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