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Table 1 Selected household characteristics overall and by country (n = 789)

From: Household food access and child malnutrition: results from the eight-country MAL-ED study

   Overall Bangladesh Brazil India Nepal Pakistan Peru South Africa Tanzania
  Sample size 789 99 98 100 100 98 99 96 99
SES Indicators Owns bank account (%) 31 23 21 10 62 39 15 76 2
People per room (mean)* 1.7 3.7 1.3 3.9 2.5 5.5 1.6 1.2 1.7
Mean maternal education (years) 6.4 3.7 7.8 6.7 6.6 3.3 7.8 10.1 5.3
Owns Mattress (%) 58 66 98 1 99 13 82 66 39
Owns mobile phone (%) 68 63 81 53 96 68 31 96 54
Owns radio or transistor (%) 41 11 74 2 48 12 55 82 46
Has electricity (%) 84 100 99 97 99 98 85 94 0
  Owns table (%) 57 29 86 21 65 50 100 74 33
Hygiene Indicators Improved water source (%) 86 100 100 100 98 100 98 65 28
  Improved sanitation facility (%) 72 100 100 37 100 74 84 84 1
Food Access Insecurity Categories§ Food secure (%) 37.5 33.3 32.7 30.0 73.0 22.5 20.2 20.8 66.7
Mildly insecure (%) 11.4 15.2 9.2 5.0 7.0 12.2 27.3 9.4 6.1
Moderately insecure (%) 27.5 33.3 11.2 29.0 12.0 48.0 29.3 40.6 17.2
Severely insecure (%) 23.6 18.2 46.9 36.0 8.0 17.4 23.2 29.2 10.1
  1. *People per room is the number of people who usually sleep in the house divided by the number of rooms in the house that are used for sleeping.
  2. §Food access insecurity categories are based on the guidelines in Coates et al. 2007.