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Table 2 Relationship between socioeconomic status and nutritional indicators

From: Household food access and child malnutrition: results from the eight-country MAL-ED study

  N % Stunted (HAZ < −2) p-value % Wasted (WHZ < −2) p-value % Severely food access insecure§ p-value
Sex        
  Male 406 42.1 0.95 6.7 0.50 19.5 0.005
  Female 382 41.9 5.5 28.0
Age        
  24-35 months 284 41.2 0.01 5.3 0.07 19.3 0.06
  36-47 months 243 49.0 4.1 23.9
  48-60 months 262 36.3 8.8 27.9
Water Source        
  Not improved 109 58.7 <0.001 0.0 <0.01 24.8 0.75
  Improved 680 39.3 7.1 23.4
Sanitation Facility        
  Not improved 218 49.5 <0.01 6.4 0.81 25.7 0.39
  Improved 571 39.1 6.0 22.8
Maternal education        
  None 135 57.0 <0.001 5.2 0.15 22.2 0.59
  1-5 years 174 43.1 9.1 26.4
  >5 years 480 37.3 5.2 22.9
Bank Account        
  No 545 42.2 0.83 6.6 0.36 28.3 <0.0001
  Yes 244 41.4 4.9 13.1
People per room        
  <2 433 35.3 <0.001 10.1 <0.001 20.0 0.023
  ≥2 356 50.0 2.8 26.9
  1. §Severe food access insecurity is defined based on the guidance in Coates et al. 2007.
  2. p-values reflect results of t-tests and one-way ANOVA tests.