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Table 2 Life expectancy (LE), health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE) (with 95% confidence intervals), and years lost in LE and HALE at selected ages, by diabetes (DM) status and sex, Canada, 2004-2006 1

From: Impact of diabetes mellitus on life expectancy and health-adjusted life expectancy in Canada

Sex Measure Total population (I) Without DM (II) With DM (III) Loss of LE associated with DM (II-III) Gain in LE after eliminating DM (II-I)
At birth
Females LE 83.6(83.6-83.7) 85.0(85.0-85.1) 74.9(74.3-75.6) 10.1*(9.5-10.7) 1.4*
HALE 72.1(71.8-72.3) 73.3(73.0-73.5) 62.2(60.7-63.8) 11.1*(9.5-12.7) 1.2*
LE-HALE2   11.7* (11.4-12.0) 12.7*(11.8-13.6)   
(LE-HALE)/LE3   0.14 0.17   
Males LE 78.9(78.8-78.9) 80.2(80.2-80.3) 70.9(70.4-71.4) 9.3*(8.8-9.8) 1.3*
HALE 69.6(69.4-69.9) 70.9(70.7-71.2) 60.1(58.4-61.9) 10.8*(9.1-12.5) 1.3*
LE-HALE2   9.3*(9.1-9.5) 10.8*(9.6-12.0)   
(LE-HALE)/LE3   0.12 0.15   
At age 20
Females LE 64.3(64.2-64.3) 65.7(65.7-65.7) 56.5(56.2-56.8) 9.2*(8.9-9.5) 1.4*
HALE 53.6(53.3-53.9) 54.8(54.5-55.1) 44.7(43.4-46.1) 10.1*(8.7-11.5) 1.2*
LE-HALE2   10.9*(10.6-11.2) 11.8*(10.8-12.8)   
(LE-HALE)/LE3   0.17 0.21   
Males LE 59.6(59.6-59.7) 61.0(61.0-61.1) 52.2(51.9-52.5) 8.8*(8.5-9.1) 1.4*
HALE 51.3(51.1-51.6) 52.6(52.3-52.9) 43.0(41.9-44.1) 9.6*(8.5-10.7) 1.3*
LE-HALE2   8.4*(8.2-8.6) 9.2*(8.4-10.0)   
(LE-HALE)/LE3   0.14 0.18   
At age 55
Females LE 30.6(30.6-30.6) 32.0(31.9-32.0) 26.0(25.9-26.1) 6.0*(5.9-6.1) 1.4*
HALE 23.6(23.4-23.9) 24.7(24.4-25.0) 18.9(18.3-19.6) 5.8*(5.1-6.5) 1.1*
LE-HALE2   7.3*(7.1-7.5) 7.1*(6.5-7.7)   
(LE-HALE)/LE3   0.23 0.27   
Males LE 26.8(26.7-26.8) 28.0(28.0-28.1) 23.0(23.0-23.1) 5.0*(4.9-5.1) 1.2*
HALE 21.6(21.4-21.8) 22.8(22.5-23.1) 17.5(17.0-18.1) 5.3*(4.7-5.9) 1.2*
LE-HALE2   5.2*(5.0-5.4) 5.5*(5.0-6.0)   
(LE-HALE)/LE3   0.19 0.24   
At age 80
Females LE 11.0(10.9-11.0) 11.7(11.7-11.7) 9.1(9.1-9.2) 2.6*(2.6-2.6) 0.7*
HALE 7.0(6.7-7.2) 7.4(7.1-7.7) 5.8(5.2-6.3) 1.6*(0.9-2.3) 0.4*
LE-HALE2   4.3*(4.0-4.6) 3.3*(2.8-3.8)   
(LE-HALE)/LE3   0.37 0.36   
Males LE 8.8(8.7-8.8) 9.4(9.3-9.4) 7.5(7.4-7.5) 1.9*(1.9-1.9) 0.6*
HALE 5.9(5.6-6.2) 6.4(6.1-6.8) 4.3(3.7-5.0) 2.1*(1.4-2.8) 0.5**
LE-HALE2   3.0*(2.7-3.3) 3.2*(2.6-3.8)   
(LE-HALE)/LE3   0.32 0.43   
  1. * Statistically significant (p-value <0.0001).
  2. ** Statistically significant (p-value <0.05).
  3. 1Dataset excluded Quebec, Nunavut, and Northwest Territories.
  4. 2LE-HALE: years difference between life expectancy and health-adjusted life expectancy.
  5. 3(LE-HALE)/LE: the proportion of life spent in poor health.