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Table 27 Top twenty leading causes of Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALY), Years Lost to Disability (YLD), Years of Life Lost (YLL) and Deaths for Males – US 1996*

From: The burden of disease and injury in the United States 1996

  Cause DALY (%) YLD (%) YLL (%) Death (%)
1 Ischaemic heart disease 1,958 (11.0) 152 (2.1) 1,806(17.2) 287 (24.7)
2 Road traffic accidents 934 (5.2) 233 (3.2) 701 (6.7) 29 (2.5)
3 Lung trachea or bronchial cancer 813 (4.6) 35 (0.5) 778 (7.4) 102 (8.8)
4 HIV/AIDS 764 (4.3) 189 (2.6) 575 (5.5) 25 (2.2)
5 Alcohol use 732 (4.1) 651 (8.9) 81 (0.8) 5 (0.4)
6 Cerebrovascular Disease 674 (3.8) 317 (4.3) 357 (3.4) 63 (5.4)
7 COPD 642 (3.6) 373 (5.1) 269 (2.6) 52 (4.5)
8 Homicide and Violence 568 (3.2) 82 (1.1) 486 (4.6) 17 (1.5)
9 Self-inflicted injuries 541 (3.0) 8 (0.1) 534 (5.1) 26 (2.2)
10 Unipolar major depression 470 (2.6) 470 (6.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0)
11 Diabetes mellitus 442 (2.5) 222 (3.0) 220 (2.1) 28 (2.4)
12 Osteoarthritis 435 (2.4) 434 (5.9) 1 (0.0) 0 (0)
13 Drug use 412 (2.3) 384 (5.2) 27 (0.3) 1 (0.1)
14 Congenital Abnormalities 410 (2.3) 238 (3.2) 172 (1.6) 6 (0.5)
15 Dementia and other degenerative and hereditary CNS disorders 382 (2.1) 332 (4.5) 50 (0.5) 14 (1.2)
16 Asthma 303 (1.7) 273 (3.7) 30 (0.3) 2 (0.2)
17 Cirrhosis of the liver 281 (1.6) 61 (0.8) 220 (2.1) 17 (1.4)
18 Conditions arising during the perinatal period 274 (1.5) 14 (0.2) 260 (2.5) 8 (0.7)
19 Cancer colon or rectum 249 (1.4) 37 (0.5) 213 (2.0) 30 (2.6)
20 Prostate cancer 239 (1.3) 79 (1.1) 160 (1.5) 37 (3.2)
- Total number for each measure in the top 20 causes 11,523 (64.5) 4,584 (62.5) 6,940 (65.9) 749 (64.5)
- Total number for each measure 17,861(100) 7,331(100) 10,530 (100) 1,164 (100)
  1. *All counts for DALYs, Deaths, YLDs, and YLLs are in 1000's.