Table 6 Estimated parameters in multilevel models with covariates

Parameter

Description

Neighbourhood Belonging

Social Cohesion

$\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{Î¸}}$ 1

baseline parameter 1

-4.926 (-5.173, -4.680)

-3.686 (-3.838, -3.533)

$\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{Î¸}}$ 2

baseline parameter 2

-3.742 (-3.986, -3.497)

-2.552 (-2.703, -2.401)

$\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{Î¸}}$ 3

baseline parameter 3

-1.369 (-1.612, -1.127)

-1.398 (-1.549, -1.248)

$\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{Î¸}}$ 4

baseline parameter 4

1.526 (1.283, 1.769)

1.371 (1.221, 1.521)

$\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{Î³}}$ 1

attracted to n'hood

-0.215 (-0.247, -0.183)

Â

$\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{Î³}}$ 2

belong to n'hood

-0.123 (-0.155, -0.091)

Â

$\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{Î³}}$ 3

visit friends

Â

0.126 (0.096, 0.156)

$\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{Î³}}$ 4

friendships mean a lot

Â

-0.228 (-0.257, -0.198)

$\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{Î³}}$ 5

would like to move

0.429 (0.396, 0.461)

Â

$\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{Î³}}$ 6

could go for advice

Â

0.437 (0.408, 0.466)

$\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{Î³}}$ 7

n'bours help in emergency

Â

-1.381 (-1.414, -1.347)

$\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{Î³}}$ 8

exchange favours with n'bours

Â

0.775 (0.745, 0.804)

$\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{Î³}}$ 9

work together to improve

Â

-0.273 (-0.303, -0.243)

$\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{Î³}}$ 10

plan to remain resident

-0.547 (-0.580, -0.513)

Â

$\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{Î³}}$ 11

similar to people in n'hood

-0.231 (-0.263, -0.198)

Â

$\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{Î³}}$ 12

rarely have n'bour visit

Â

1.168 (1.139, 1.198)

$\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{Î³}}$ 13

regularly talk with people

Â

-0.625 (-0.656, -0.594)

$\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{Î³}}$ 14

sense of community

0.416 (0.384, 0.447)

Â

$\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{Î³}}$ 15

good place for children

0.271 (0.239, 0.303)

Â

$\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{Î²}}$

centred age

0.028 (0.024, 0.032)

0.005 (0.003, 0.008)

Â

male

-0.211 (-0.307, -0.115)

-0.131 (-0.193, -0.069)

Â

social class: IIINM

0.031 (-0.109, 0.171)

-0.023 (-0.113, 0.066)

Â

social class: IIIM

0.360 (0.218, 0.501)

0.090 (-0.001, 0.181)

Â

social class: IV&V

0.282 (0.145, 0.419)

0.079 (-0.009, 0.167)

Â

social class: other

0.463 (0.236, 0.690)

0.052 (-0.094, 0.198)

Â

social class: missing

0.280 (0.079, 0.482)

0.040 (-0.090, 0.170)

Â

council tax: A&B

-0.367 (-0.489, -0.245)

-0.041 (-0.112, 0.030)

Â

council tax: missing

-0.302 (-0.469, -0.135)

-0.083 (-0.187, 0.020)

Â

employment status: seeking

-0.339 (-0.634, -0.044)

-0.101 (-0.292, 0.090)

Â

employment status: student

-0.737 (-1.099, -0.375)

-0.037 (-0.271, 0.197)

Â

employment status: home/carer

-0.076 (-0.267, 0.115)

-0.001 (-0.124, 0.122)

Â

employment status: disability

-0.041 (-0.208, 0.125)

-0.235 (-0.342, -0.128)

Â

employment status: retired

0.086 (-0.072, 0.245)

0.056 (-0.046, 0.158)

Â

employment status: missing

0.285 (0.053, 0.517)

0.109 (-0.041, 0.259)

Â

gross income: >Â£95, <Â£215/week

-0.081 (-0.234, 0.072)

-0.040 (-0.139, 0.059)

Â

gross income: >Â£215/week

-0.098 (-0.272, 0.076)

-0.007 (-0.119, 0.106)

Â

tenancy: owner

0.280 (0.153, 0.407)

0.156 (0.076, 0.237)

Â

tenancy: missing

0.184 (-0.209, 0.577)

0.014 (-0.238, 0.266)

${\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{Ïƒ}}}_{U}^{2}$

ED-level variance

0.307 (0.276, 0.339)

0.019 (0.018, 0.019)

${\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{Ïƒ}}}_{V}^{2}$

individual-level variance

4.503 (4.396, 4.604)

1.822 (1.778, 1.868)

1. Reference categories are females, social classes I & II, council tax bands C-H, employed persons, with gross household income less than Â£95 per week, and non-houseowners. Abbreviations are as in Table 5.