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Table 2 Prevalence (%) of diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, and obesity by urban residence and selected variables.

From: Diabetes and urbanization in the Omani population: an analysis of national survey data

  Diabetes (n = 676/5840) Hypertension (n = 1389/6464) Cholesterol=5 (n = 2974/5876) BMI=30 (n = 1224/6430)
Total 11.6 21.5 50.6 19.1
Residence
Urban 17.7 26.4 50.0 19.9
Rural 10.5 20.2 50.7 18.8
Age
20–29 3.6 7.95 32.1 13.4
30–39 8.5 14.5 55.7 24.8
40–49 17.1 25.7 59.4 28.6
50–59 22.6 39.3 69.2 22.2
≥ 60 23.1 52.2 71.3 15.0
Sex
Male 11.8 32.5 50.8 15.5
Female 11.3 22.7 50.4 22.2
Marital status
Married 13.2 22.8 55.8 21.6
Not married 8.0 18.4 39.3 13.5
Education level
Illiterate 17.1 34.7 62.1 19.8
Less than secondary 10.2 16.9 48.6 20.1
Secondary or above 5.4 9.9 36.8 16.1
Smoker
Yes 12.2 25.2 50.3 14.5
No 11.5 21.2 50.6 19.4
BMI (kg/m 2 )
<18.5 6.9 14.7 36.4 -
18.5–24.99 8.1 18.5 44.8 -
25–29.99 14.7 22.6 58.0 -
≥ 30 16.5 29.7 58.9 -
WHR (cm)
Normal 8.2 16.4 43.9 12.3
Abnormal (men >0.95; women >85) 15.5 27.3 58.4 26.6
Waist circumference (cm)
Normal 9.5 18.5 47.2 7.8
Abnormal (men = 102; women = 88) 18.1 30.7 61.5 53.2
Cholesterol (mmol/L)
<4.3 5.5 13.2 - 12.8
4.3–5 8.0 18.5 - 18.2
5–5.8 12.6 22.8 - 19.8
≥ 5.8 17.8 32.9 - 23.5
SBP (mmHg)
<120 6.2 - 44.2 12.9
120–139 9.8 - 47.8 18.8
140–159 19.6 - 60.9 25.3
≥ 160 24.4 - 74.5 28.9
  1. Note: SBP is systolic blood pressure; BMI is body mass index; WHR is waist-to-hip ratio