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Table 3 Significant factors associated with diabetes (p < 0.05)

From: Diabetes and urbanization in the Omani population: an analysis of national survey data

  No diabetes (n = 5164) Diabetes (n = 676) Crude OR(95% CI) Adjusted OR *(95% CI)
  n (%) n (%)   
Residence     
Urban 741 (82.3) 159 (17.7) 1.8 (1.5–2.2) 1.7 (1.4 – 2.1)
Rural 4430 (89.6) 517 (10.5) - -
Age ±    1.2 (1.2–1.3) 1.2 (1.1- 1.2)
Marital status     
Not married 1721 (92.0) 149 (8.0) - -
Married 3431 (86.8) 523 (13.2) 1.8 (1.5–2.1) 1.4 (1.1–1.7)
Waist circumference (cm)     
Normal 4023 (90.5) 422 (9.5) - -
Abnormal 1148 (81.9) 254 (18.1) 2.1 (1.8–2.5) 1.8 (1.5- 2.1)
SBP (mmHg)     
<120 1231 (93.8) 81 (6.2) - -
120–139 2871 (90.2) 311 (9.8) 1.6 (1.3–2.1) 1.4 (1.04 – 1.8)
140–159 751 (80.4) 183 (19.6) 3.7 (2.8–4.9) 1.9 (1.4 – 2.6)
≥ 160 264 (75.6) 85 (24.4) 4.9 (3.5–6.8) 1.7 (1.2 – 2.5)
  1. Note: SBP is systolic blood pressure. * Odds ratios adjusted for all variables included in the model. ± Age is grouped into 17 five-year age bands between 20 and 109 years. Therefore for every five year increase in age, there is a 1.2 greater odds of having diabetes.