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Table 1 Indicators and causes of death used in the InterVA-M model

From: Revealing the burden of maternal mortality: a probabilistic model for determining pregnancy-related causes of death from verbal autopsies

Indicators Causes
was she pregnant at death had professional assistance at delivery HIV/AIDS related death
died within 6 w of delivering a baby was delivery by Caesarean malaria
died within 6 w of early pregnancy ending was delivery by forceps/Ventouse tuberculosis (pulmonary)
said to be non-pregnant 6 wks before death did uterus came out after delivery hepatitis
was she married at time of death any swelling of feet and ankles cardiovascular disease
was death during wet season any swelling of face respiratory disease
was she aged under 20 yrs any blurred vision injury
was she aged 20 to 34 yrs any acute abdominal pain suicide
was she aged 35 to 49 yrs any foul smelling vaginal discharge cancer
had she ever been pregnant any previous Caesarian section ---------------------------------------
was she breast-feeding before death any stiff neck not pregnant within 6 weeks of death
was the pregnancy unwanted any excessive night sweats pregnancy ended within 6 weeks of death
any attempt to terminate pregnancy any enlarged swollen glands pregnant at death
was this her first pregnancy any persistent cough > 3 wks ---------------------------------------
were there >4 previous pregnancies any persistent fever > 3 wks haemorrhage
was this a multiple pregnancy was she coughing up blood pregnancy-related sepsis
was she < 3 months pregnant at death any jaundice or yellowness of skin/eyes non-pregnancy related infection
any history of acute fever any ulceration or infected wound obstructed labour
any required IV or IM antibiotics was she immunized against tetanus ruptured uterus
was there coma >24 hrs before death did she require iron injections pregnancy-induced hypertension
did she ever have fits any diagnosis of epilepsy abortion
any pallor and/or anaemia any diagnosis of TB anaemia
any general swelling of body any diagnosis of HIV/AIDS ectopic pregnancy
breathless carrying out normal activities any diagnosis of thrush  
any weight loss any diagnosis of Karposi's sarcoma  
Recently bed bound for most of day any diagnosis of malaria  
any sudden collapse any diagnosis of liver disease  
any blood transfusion required any diagnosis of haemoglobinopathy  
hysterectomy shortly before death any surgery in month before death  
any recurrent fever any diagnosis of cancer  
any shivering with fever any diagnosis of heart disease  
major bleeding in 1st 3 months of preg any suggestion of recent injury  
major bleeding in pregnancy or delivery any suggestion of suicide  
did the placenta remain inside   
was death within 24 hrs of preg ending   
any delay in reduction of uterus size   
was blood pressure raised during preg   
any proteinuria reported   
were fits only pregnancy related   
was labour prolonged >24 hr   
was a baby delivered alive   
did she die in labour undelivered   
was baby's position abnormal   
was baby too big for delivery   
was part of baby prolapsed   
was delivery at home   
was delivery at a health facility