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Table 3 Estimated prevalence (sampling standard error)* of undiagnosed diabetes by state, age, sex, race, and insurance (Figures show actual prevalence; age-standardized figures available from authors).

From: Diabetes prevalence and diagnosis in US states: analysis of health surveys

State Age group Sex Race Insurance status
  30-59 y ≥ 60 y Men Women White Black Hispanic Other races Insured Uninsured
National NHANES 2.1%
(.4)
6.7%
(.9)
4.5%
(.6)
2.3%
(.4)
3.4%
(.5)
3.3%
(.6)
4.4%
(1.1)
.5%
(.5)
3.4%
(.4)
3.2%
(.7)
National BRFSS Prediction 2.1%
(<.01)
6.4%
(.01)
4.3%
(0.1)
2.5%
(<.01)
3.3%
(<.01)
3.3%
(.02)
5.4%
(.05)
.7%
(.01)
3.3%
(<.01)
3.9%
(0.02)
Alabama 2.1%
(.03)
6.2%
(.09)
4.3%
(.07)
2.5%
(.03)
3.4%
(.04)
3.5%
(.08)
5.9%
(.43)
.9%
(.07)
3.3%
(.04)
3.8%
(.12)
Alaska 1.9%
(.04)
6.3%
(.18)
3.5%
(.09)
1.9%
(.05)
3%
(.06)
3.5%
(.21)
5.3%
(.55)
.9%
(.04)
2.7%
(.06)
2.9%
(.13)
Arizona 2.2%
(.05)
6.3%
(.12)
4.4%
(.09)
2.5%
(.05)
3.4%
(.05)
2.8%
(.15)
5.1%
(.24)
.7%
(.07)
3.4%
(.06)
4%
(.16)
Arkansas 2.1%
(.02)
6.2%
(.07)
4.4%
(.06)
2.5%
(.03)
3.5%
(.03)
3.4%
(.1)
5.6%
(.39)
.9%
(.04)
3.4%
(.03)
3.7%
(.1)
California 2.4%
(.04)
6.3%
(.11)
4.5%
(.08)
2.5%
(.04)
3.1%
(.03)
3.4%
(.12)
5.3%
(.13)
.7%
(.03)
3.3%
(.04)
4.3%
(.14)
Colorado 2%
(.02)
6.2%
(.07)
3.8%
(.05)
2.2%
(.02)
2.8%
(.03)
2.9%
(.11)
5.2%
(.15)
.7%
(.04)
2.9%
(.03)
3.5%
(.12)
Connecticut 2%
(.02)
6.4%
(.07)
4.2%
(.05)
2.4%
(.03)
3.3%
(.03)
3.1%
(.13)
5.1%
(.22)
.6%
(.04)
3.2%
(.03)
4.1%
(.15)
Delaware 2%
(.03)
6.5%
(.09)
4.3%
(.08)
2.5%
(.04)
3.5%
(.05)
3.2%
(.12)
4.7%
(.44)
.7%
(.05)
3.4%
(.04)
3.5%
(.18)
District of Columbia 1.9%
(.03)
6.2%
(.12)
3.8%
(.08)
2.4%
(.05)
2.4%
(.04)
3.5%
(.07)
4.4%
(.3)
.6%
(.05)
3%
(.05)
4%
(.2)
Florida 2.3%
(.03)
6.9%
(.08)
5.1%
(.07)
2.9%
(.04)
3.8%
(.04)
3.5%
(.11)
6.2%
(.18)
.8%
(.05)
3.9%
(.04)
4.4%
(.13)
Georgia 2%
(.02)
6.1%
(.08)
3.8%
(.05)
2.2%
(.02)
3.1%
(.03)
3%
(.06)
4.7%
(.32)
.7%
(.04)
2.9%
(.03)
3.4%
(.1)
Hawaii 1.4%
(.02)
4.2%
(.08)
3.1%
(.06)
1.5%
(.03)
3.4%
(.06)
3.5%
(.1)
4.9%
(.23)
.9%
(.02)
2.3%
(.03)
2.7%
(.14)
Idaho 1.9%
(.02)
6.2%
(.08)
4.1%
(.06)
2.2%
(.03)
3.2%
(.03)
3.1%
(.23)
5.2%
(.31)
.7%
(.04)
3.1%
(.03)
3.4%
(.1)
Illinois 2.1%
(.03)
6.5%
(.09)
4.2%
(.07)
2.5%
(.03)
3.3%
(.03)
3.2%
(.1)
5.4%
(.25)
.6%
(.04)
3.2%
(.04)
4.0%
(.15)
Indiana 2%
(.02)
6.1%
(.07)
4.1%
(.05)
2.4%
(.03)
3.3%
(.03)
3.3%
(.11)
4.8%
(.27)
.8%
(.05)
3.2%
(.03)
3.5%
(0.1)
Iowa 2%
(.02)
6.6%
(.07)
4.4%
(.06)
2.6%
(.03)
3.5%
(.03)
3.5%
(.23)
6%
(.48)
.7%
(.06)
3.5%
(.03)
4.1%
(.16)
Kansas 2%
(.02)
6.2%
(.06)
4.2%
(.04)
2.4%
(.02)
3.3%
(.03)
3.2%
(.11)
4.9%
(.18)
.8%
(.04)
3.3%
(.02)
3.6%
(.09)
Kentucky 2.1%
(.03)
6.1%
(.07)
4.2%
(.06)
2.4%
(.03)
3.3%
(.03)
3.3%
(.15)
5.8%
(.44)
.8%
(.07)
3.2%
(.03)
3.4%
(.09)
Louisiana 2.2%
(.03)
6.7%
(.09)
4.4%
(.06)
2.6%
(.03)
3.5%
(.04)
3.5%
(.07)
5.4%
(.36)
1%
(.06)
3.4%
(.04)
3.8%
(.09)
Maine 2%
(.02)
6.3%
(.09)
4.2%
(.06)
2.4%
(.03)
3.3%
(.04)
3.1%
(.42)
5.5%
(.59)
.9%
(.07)
3.3%
(.04)
3.8%
(.14)
Maryland 2%
(.02)
6.4%
(.08)
4.1%
(.06)
2.3%
(.03)
3.3%
(.03)
3.3%
(.07)
4.8%
(.32)
.7%
(.06)
3.1%
(.03)
3.7%
(.14)
Massachusetts 1.9%
(.02)
6.3%
(.06)
4.1%
(.05)
2.3%
(.02)
3.2%
(.03)
3%
(.13)
4.9%
(.19)
.6%
(.03)
3.1%
(.03)
3.9%
(.15)
Michigan 2%
(.02)
6.4%
(.07)
4.2%
(.05)
2.4%
(.03)
3.4%
(.03)
3.2%
(.09)
5.6%
(.46)
.7%
(.04)
3.3%
(.03)
3.4%
(.11)
Minnesota 1.9%
(.02)
6.6%
(.08)
4.1%
(.06)
2.4%
(.03)
3.3%
(.03)
2.9%
(.17)
6%
(.51)
.6%
(.05)
3.2%
(.03)
3.6%
(.15)
Mississippi 2.1%
(.02)
6.1%
(.08)
4.3%
(.06)
2.4%
(.03)
3.3%
(.04)
3.3%
(.06)
6.5%
(.47)
.8%
(.07)
3.3%
(.03)
3.6%
(0.1)
Missouri 2%
(.03)
6.2%
(.09)
4.2%
(.07)
2.4%
(.03)
3.4%
(.04)
3.6%
(.15)
4.8%
(.37)
.8%
(.06)
3.3%
(.04)
3.5%
(.13)
Montana 2%
(.02)
6.3%
(.08)
4.2%
(.06)
2.4%
(.03)
3.4%
(.04)
3%
(.19)
5.1%
(.38)
.8%
(.03)
3.3%
(.04)
3.4%
(.09)
Nebraska 2%
(.02)
6.4%
(.06)
4.3%
(.05)
2.5%
(.03)
3.4%
(.03)
3.2%
(.16)
5.3%
(.28)
.8%
(.06)
3.3%
(.03)
3.9%
(.11)
Nevada 2.1%
(.04)
6.3%
(.13)
4.3%
(.09)
2.3%
(.05)
3.4%
(.06)
3.3%
(.18)
5.4%
(.26)
.7%
(.04)
3.3%
(.05)
3.8%
(.19)
New Hampshire 1.9%
(.02)
6.5%
(.07)
4.1%
(.05)
2.3%
(.03)
3.2%
(.03)
2.8%
(.24)
5.3%
(.54)
.8%
(.06)
3.2%
(.03)
3.2%
(.11)
New Jersey 2.2%
(.02)
6.6%
(.07)
4.5%
(.05)
2.6%
(.02)
3.4%
(.03)
3.5%
(.08)
5.7%
(.18)
.6%
(.03)
3.4%
(.03)
4.5%
(.16)
New Mexico 2.6%
(.03)
7%
(.09)
4.9%
(.07)
2.9%
(.03)
3.3%
(.04)
3.4%
(.1)
5.7%
(.1)
.8%
(.03)
3.8%
(.04)
4.4%
(.12)
New York 2.1%
(.03)
6.6%
(.08)
4.4%
(.06)
2.6%
(.03)
3.4%
(.03)
3.3%
(.09)
5.8%
(.21)
.8%
(.04)
3.4%
(.04)
4.1%
(.16)
North Carolina 2.1%
(.02)
6.2%
(.05)
4.2%
(.04)
2.4%
(.02)
3.3%
(.02)
3.6%
(.06)
5.2%
(.24)
.8%
(.03)
3.2%
(.02)
3.8%
(.08)
North Dakota 2.1%
(.03)
6.7%
(.09)
4.5%
(.07)
2.6%
(.04)
3.6%
(.04)
3.4%
(.29)
7.6%
(.73)
.9%
(.07)
3.5%
(.04)
3.8%
(.15)
Ohio 2%
(.03)
6.5%
(.1)
4.3%
(.07)
2.5%
(.04)
3.4%
(.04)
3.4%
(.12)
6.3%
(.68)
.8%
(.06)
3.4%
(.04)
3.6%
(.14)
Oklahoma 2%
(.02)
5.9%
(.06)
4.1%
(.05)
2.4%
(.02)
3.4%
(.03)
3.4%
(.09)
5.8%
(.31)
.9%
(.03)
3.2%
(.03)
3.3%
(.08)
Oregon 1.9%
(.02)
6.1%
(.07)
4.1%
(.05)
2.3%
(.02)
3.3%
(.03)
3%
(.14)
4.1%
(.23)
.8%
(.04)
3.1%
(.03)
3.4%
(0.1)
Pennsylvania 2%
(.02)
6.4%
(.07)
4.3%
(.06)
2.6%
(.03)
3.5%
(.03)
3.4%
(.12)
5.1%
(.38)
.7%
(.06)
3.4%
(.03)
3.7%
(.14)
Rhode Island 2.1%
(.03)
6.5%
(.08)
4.4%
(.07)
2.6%
(.03)
3.5%
(.04)
2.9%
(.17)
5.2%
(.26)
.8%
(.06)
3.4%
(.04)
4.3%
(.17)
South Carolina 2.1%
(.02)
6.1%
(.06)
4.1%
(.05)
2.4%
(.02)
3.3%
(.03)
3.3%
(.06)
5.5%
(.41)
.8%
(.05)
3.2%
(.03)
3.6%
(.08)
South Dakota 2%
(.02)
6.4%
(.06)
4.4%
(.05)
2.5%
(.03)
3.5%
(.03)
3.5%
(.24)
6.4%
(.5)
.8%
(.03)
3.4%
(.03)
3.7%
(.12)
Tennessee 2.1%
(.03)
6.1%
(.09)
4.1%
(.07)
2.4%
(.03)
3.3%
(.04)
3.2%
(.12)
5.6%
(.5)
.7%
(.07)
3.2%
(.04)
3.7%
(.13)
Texas 2.5%
(.03)
6.7%
(.09)
4.5%
(.06)
2.6%
(.03)
3.3%
(.03)
3.2%
(.09)
5.4%
(.11)
.7%
(.04)
3.4%
(.04)
4.3%
(.09)
Utah 1.8%
(.02)
6%
(.09)
3.6%
(.05)
2.1%
(.03)
2.8%
(.03)
2.8%
(.19)
4.6%
(.22)
.6%
(.05)
2.8%
(.03)
3.1%
(.11)
Vermont 1.9%
(.02)
6.3%
(.06)
4%
(.04)
2.3%
(.02)
3.2%
(.03)
3.7%
(.26)
5.5%
(.43)
.9%
(.06)
3.1%
(.03)
3.5%
(.1)
Virginia 1.9%
(.03)
6.2%
(.09)
3.9%
(.06)
2.3%
(.03)
3.2%
(.04)
3.2%
(.09)
5.4%
(.35)
.7%
(.05)
3%
(.04)
3.7%
(.14)
Washington 1.9%
(.01)
6.1%
(.04)
3.9%
(.03)
2.2%
(.01)
3.1%
(.02)
2.9%
(.08)
4.6%
(.13)
.7%
(.02)
3%
(.02)
3.3%
(.06)
West Virginia 2.2%
(.03)
6.2%
(.08)
4.5%
(.07)
2.6%
(.03)
3.6%
(.04)
3.8%
(.23)
6.3%
(.58)
.9%
(.06)
3.6%
(.04)
3.3%
(0.1)
Wisconsin 1.9%
(.02)
6.5%
(.08)
4.2%
(.06)
2.4%
(.03)
3.3%
(.04)
3.2%
(.14)
4.9%
(.4)
.8%
(.07)
3.2%
(.04)
4.0%
(.15)
Wyoming 2.1%
(.02)
6.5%
(.08)
4.3%
(.06)
2.4%
(.03)
3.4%
(.03)
3.5%
(.24)
5.7%
(.3)
.9%
(.05)
3.3%
(.03)
3.6%
(.11)
  1. * The standard error of prevalence reported here reflects the sampling variability in the predicted diabetes prevalence but does not incorporate uncertainty in the prediction model (parameter uncertainty and stochastic uncertainty) and thus is an underestimate for the true standard error of prevalence. See footnote to Table 2 for an example of how the inclusion of these sources would affect standard errors.