Skip to main content

Table 4 Top 20 disease and injury causes with the highest DALYs by sex, all ages, Iran 2003

From: The burden of disease and injury in Iran 2003

Males DALY Females DALY
Road traffic injuries 1070969 Ischemic heart disease 437709
Natural disasters (1) 548299 Major depressive disorder 420475
Opioid use (2) 510291 Natural disasters (1) 419781
Ischemic heart diseases 433627 Road traffic injuries 234745
Falls 274038 Cerebrovascular disease 206869
Exposure to mechanical forces 202494 Low back pain 199896
Major depressive disorder 181101 Knee osteoarthritis 196343
Cerebrovascular disease 146770 Anemias 165411
Bipolar disorders 139501 Bipolar disorders 128402
COPD (3) 128230 Burns 105194
Burns 114677 COPD (3) 104381
Low back pain 107876 Panic disorder 100129
Anemias 104169 Diabetes Mellitus 99670
Calculus of kidney and ureter 95688 Falls 90206
Knee osteoarthritis 94962 Obsessive-compulsive disorder 88449
Premature birth with normal weight 93740 Schizophrenia and schizo-affective disorders 82582
Perinatal respiratory and cardiovascular disorders (4) 84779 Menopause (hot flushes & atrophic vaginitis) 76314
Intentional self-harm 84424 Acne vulgaris 75689
Premature birth with low weight 78850 Upper respiratory infections and otitis media 74009
Assault 76797 Premature birth with normal weight 73102
  1. (1) Natural disasters (exposure to forces of nature) including the Bam earthquake of 26 December 2003; (2) Mental and behavioral disorders due to use of opioids or opioids with multiple drugs; (3) COPD: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; (4) Respiratory and cardiovascular disorders specific to the perinatal period