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Table 2 Relative odds of self-reported cardiovascular disease* by socioeconomic status for Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian adults aged 18-64 years, 2004-05†

From: Socioeconomic disparities in self-reported cardiovascular disease for Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian adults: analysis of national survey data

  Indigenous Non-Indigenous
  Adjusted for age and sex OR (95% CI)‡ Adjusted for age, sex and smoking OR (95% CI)‡ Adjusted for age and sex OR (95% CI)‡ Adjusted for age, sex and smoking OR (95% CI)‡
Highest year of school completed     
   Year 10 or more 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
   <Year 10§ 1.4 (1.1-1.8) 1.4 (1.1-1.7) 1.3 (1.2-1.5) 1.4 (1.2-1.5)
Has nonschool qualifications     
   Yes 0.8 (0.6-1.0) 0.8 (0.6-1.0) 1.0 (0.9-1.1) 1.0 (0.9-1.1)
   No 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Employment status     
   Employed 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
   Unemployed 1.0 (0.6-1.7) 1.0 (0.6-1.6) 0.9 (0.6-1.2) 0.9 (0.7-1.2)
   Not in labor force 1.4 (1.1-1.8) 1.4 (1.1-1.8) 1.5 (1.3-1.7) 1.5 (1.3-1.7)
Housing tenure     
   Owner/purchaser 0.8 (0.6-1.0) 0.8 (0.6-1.1) --- ---
   Renter/other tenure 1.0 1.0 --- ---
Equivalized household income quintile||     
   1 (lowest) 1.5 (1.1-2.0) 1.5 (1.1-2.0) 1.4 (1.2-1.6) 1.4 (1.3-1.6)
   2 1.8 (1.2-2.5) 1.7 (1.2-2.5) 1.4 (1.2-1.6) 1.4 (1.2-1.6)
   3-5 (highest) 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
   Not known/not stated 1.3 (0.9-1.8) 1.2 (0.8-1.8) 0.8 (0.7-1.0) 0.8 (0.7-1.0)
SEIFA quintile**     
   1 (most disadvantaged) 1.0 (0.5-2.0) 1.0 (0.5-1.9) 1.6 (1.4-2.0) 1.7 (1.4-2.0)
   2 0.8 (0.4-1.7) 0.8 (0.4-1.7) 1.5 (1.2-1.7) 1.5 (1.2-1.8)
   3 0.8 (0.4-1.8) 0.8 (0.4-1.7) 1.3 (1.1-1.5) 1.3 (1.1-1.5)
   4 0.8 (0.4-1.8) 0.8 (0.4-1.8) 1.2 (1.0-1.4) 1.2 (1.0-1.4)
   5 (least disadvantaged) 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Remoteness category     
   Major cities 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
   Inner regional 1.3 (0.9-1.9) 1.3 (0.9-2.0) 1.2 (1.0-1.3) 1.2 (1.0-1.3)
   Outer regional 1.0 (0.7-1.4) 1.0 (0.7-1.4) 0.9 (0.8-1.1) 0.9 (0.8-1.1)
   Remote/very remote 1.4 (1.0-1.9) 1.4 (1.0-1.9) --- ---
  1. *Includes: rheumatic heart disease; heart attack; stroke; angina; high blood pressure or hypertension; low blood pressure or hypotension; hardening of the arteries, atherosclerosis, or arteriosclerosis; fluid problems, fluid retention, or edema; high cholesterol; rapid or irregular heartbeats, tachycardia, or palpitations; heart murmur or heart valve disorder; hemorrhoids (nonremote areas only); varicose veins (nonremote areas only); and other relevant conditions as reported by participants [18].
  2. †Source: Weighted data from the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey 2004-05 confidentialized unit record file (CURF) [17].
  3. ‡OR, odds ratio. CI, confidence interval.
  4. § Includes those who never went to school.
  5. || Gross weekly equivalized cash income of household, using the OECD scale [18]. Quintiles are based on national figures. That is, the same categories were used for both Indigenous and non-Indigenous respondents.
  6. ** SEIFA, Socioeconomic Index for Areas, Index of Relative Disadvantage. Quintiles are based on national figures. That is, the same categories were used for both Indigenous and non-Indigenous respondents.