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Table 5 Estimated burden attributable to interpersonal violence by sex, South Africa, 2000

From: Interpersonal violence: an important risk factor for disease and injury in South Africa

  Male Female
  PAFc Deaths DALYsd PAFc Deaths DALYsd
Intimate partner violence   0 0   10 187 418 575
Major depression - - - 21.0% 0 42 073
Anxiety disordersb - - - 14.3% 0 12 133
Alcohol consumption - - - 9.8% 658 17 694
Drug use disorders - - - 13.7% 0 3 094
Self-inflicted injuries - - - 36.2% 448 11 105
Tobacco smoking - - - 22.7% 1 747 34 458
Cervical cancer - - - 15.7% 551 8 460
HIV/AIDS - - - 7.2% 4 897 197 080
Sexually transmitted infections - - - 19.8% 42 6 194
Femicides - - - 45.3% 1 845 51 833
Physical injury disability - - - 16.5% 0 34 450
Child sexual abuse   1 279 47 327   6 112 272 348
Major depression 5.7% 0 6 713 8.9% 0 17 935
Alcohol consumption 5.6% 979 25 161 6.8% 463 12 171
Drug use disorders 7.8% 1 4 954 11.0% 0 2 472
Post-traumatic stress disorder 22.4% 0 1 354 23.8% 0 4 210
Panic disorder 10.2% 0 1 751 14.4% 0 5 154
Self-inflicted injuries 7.0% 299 7 394 13.5% 168 4 145
HIV/AIDS - - - 8.3% 5 480 226 260
Unspecified interpersonal violence a   23 041 819 141   2 676 150 288
Interpersonal violence injuries 100% 23041 819 141 100% 2676 150 288
Total   24 320 866 468   18 975 841 210
95% uncertainty interval   23 000-26 000 828 000-903 000   11 000-27 000 527 000-1 152 000
% of total burden   8.9% 10.2%   7.7% 10.9%
95% uncertainty interval   8.4%-9.3% 9.8%-10.7%   4.6-10.8% 6.8-14.9%
  1. aUnspecified interpersonal violence = unspecified community and family violence (injury burden) where victim-perpetrator relationship is unknown
  2. bAnxiety disorders = panic disorders + obsessive compulsive disorder + post-traumatic stress disorder
  3. cPAF = Population attributable fraction; dDALYs =disability-adjusted life years