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Table 5 Comparisons of Health, Poverty, and Income Inequality in Canada and the United States

From: Comparing population health in the United States and Canada

  Canada United States Canada - US
Life Expectancy at Birth in yearsa 79.7 77.2 2.5
Infant Mortality Rate, deaths per 1,000 live birthsa 5.4 7 -1.6
Life Expectancy at Age 19 in years 60.6b 58.3b 2.3
Poverty ratec in % 12 17 -5
Poverty ratec among the elderly in % 6 23 -17
Gini coefficiente 0.32 0.38 -0.06
Health-adjusted Life Expectancy (HALE)in yearsf 52.0 49.3 2.7
Counterfactual #1, HALE in Canada with Canadian morbidity and US mortality 49.9 HALE Canada actual - #1 = 1.8
Counterfactual #2, HALE in Canada with US morbidity and Canadian mortality 50.8 HALE Canada actual - #2 = 0.9
  1. aEstimates for 2002 [2]
  2. bBased on 2003 Life Tables for Canada [40, 41] and 2003 Life Tables for the US [83].
  3. cBased on Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development estimates 2008; [55]; OECD average 11%.
  4. dBased on Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development estimates 2008; [55].
  5. eOrganization for Economic Co-Operation and Development estimates 2008; [55]; OECD average 0.31.
  6. fBased on mean HUI3 score by age category observed in JCUSH and life tables for 2002-2003 for Canada and the United States. The difference between the US and Canadian estimates of HALE is significant at p < 0.0001.