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Table 1 InterVA indicators and cause of death categories.

From: Adaptation of a probabilistic method (InterVA) of verbal autopsy to improve the interpretation of cause of stillbirth and neonatal death in Malawi, Nepal, and Zimbabwe

Indicators Cause of Death Categories
was this an elder 65+ years any chronic/recurrent diarr (4+w) Perinatal asphyxia
was this an adult 50-64 years any abdominal swelling Congenital malformation
was this a female 15-49 years any vomiting Prematurity
was this a male 15-49 years any yellowness/jaundice Tetanus
was this a child 5-14 years any abnormality of urine Pneumonia
was this a child 1-4 years any urinary retention Malaria
was this an infant 4 wks-1 yr any haematuria Measles
was this a neonate < 4 wks any swelling of ankles/legs Meningitis
was she pregnant at death no bilateral swelling of ankle Diarrhea
did pregnancy end within 6 weeks any skin lesions/ulcers Bloody diarrhea
did final illness last at least 3 weeks any rash (non-measles) Other acute infection
did final illness last < 3 weeks any herpes zoster Malnutrition
was death very sudden/unexpected any measles rash Kwashiorkor
was death during wet season any excessive night sweats HIV/AIDS related
was death during dry season any excessive water intake Pulmonary tuberculosis
was s/he in a transport accident any excessive urination Chronic infection
did s/he drown any excessive food intake Maternal causes
had s/he fallen recently any acute fever Acute respiratory disease (not pnem.)
any poisoning, bite, sting any persistent fever (> 2 wk) Chronic respiratory disease
was s/he a known smoker any enlarged/swollen glands Acute cardiac
any obvious recent injury any facial swelling Chronic cardiac
was s/he known to drink alcohol was there a coma > 24 hrs Stroke
any suggestion of homicide any weight loss Diabetes
any convulsions or fits any anaemia/paleness Malignancy
any diagnosis of epilepsy any drowsiness Liver disease
was the fontanelle raised any delayed/regressed development Kidney disease
was the fontanelle or eyeball sunken any diagnosis of asthma Disorders of the digestive system
any headache any diagnosis of diabetes Diseases of the nervous system
was there paralysis on both sides any diagnosis of heart disease Sickle cell anemia
any paralysis/weakness on 1 side any diagnosis of HIV/AIDS Transport-related accident
any stiff neck any diagnosis of hypertension Accidental poisoning
any oral candidiasis been discharged from hospital very ill Accidental drowning
any rigidity/lockjaw any suggestion of suicide Other accident
abnormal hair coloring any surgery just before death Homicide
any coughing with blood any diagnosis of TB Suicide
any chest pain was s/he adequately vaccinated  
was there a cough for > 3 wks any diagnosis of liver disease Additional indicators
was there a cough for up to 3 wks any diagnosis of cancer did baby have arched back after 2 days
any productive cough any diagnosis of stroke baby stopped sucking after day 3
any rapid breathing any diagnosis of measles did the baby die on day 1
any breathlessness on exertion any diagnosis of kidney disease did the mother fail to receive tetanus toxoid vaccine
any breathlessness lying flat any diagnosis of hemoglobinopathy did convulsions happen on day 1
any chest indrawing any diagnosis of malaria was there no cry/move/breath at birth
any difficulty breathing any delivery complications was baby's skin puffy/mushy at birth
any breast lump or lesion any heavy bleeding around delivery did the baby fail to cry at birth
any wheezing was there prolonged labor > 24 hrs  
any cyanosis were there convulsions during delivery  
any abdominal mass was the baby born early < 34 wks Additional causes of death
any abdominal pain was the baby small < 2500 g Fresh stillbirth
any diarrhea with blood was there difficulty breathing at birth Macerated stillbirth
any vomiting with blood any congenital malformations  
any acute diarrhea (< 2 wks) was this a multiple birth  
any persistent diarrhea (2-4 wks) any umbilical infection  
  1. Indicators added following refinement of InterVA for neonatal deaths are highlighted in bold.