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Table 1 Dates of ICD change and automatic coding system (ACS) implementation for six of the AMIEHS European countries

From: Cause-specific mortality time series analysis: a general method to detect and correct for abrupt data production changes

Country ICD-8 ICD-9 ICD-10 ACS
England and Wales 1968 1979 2001 1993
France 1968 1979 2000 2000
Germany 1968 1979 1998 2008
Netherlands 1969 1979 1996  
Spain 1968 1980 1999  
Sweden 1969 1987 1997 1987