Skip to main content

Table 4 Smoking (2005–09) and subsequent outcomes (2009–12) for males in the Thai Cohort Study: survival and mortality

From: Smoking, smoking cessation, and 7-year mortality in a cohort of Thai adults

Longitudinal smoking status (2005–09) 2012 % Survival by smoking status Hazard ratios (95 % CI) for mortality from 2009 to 2012 by smoking status
Survived Died
(n = 22,026) (n = 161)
Never smoke 99.5 0.5 Reference
Quit smoking from 2005 99.1 0.9 1.4 [0.9–2.2]
Current smoking in 2005 and quit in 2009 99.1 0.9 1.5 [0.7–3.3]
Current smoking in 2005 and in 2009 98.9 1.1 2.1 [1.4–3.4]
  1. Hazard ratios compare mortality over the follow-up period by longitudinal smoking status over the previous period (reference category ‘never smokers’ in both 2005 and 2009). The model includes age category (five groups), monthly household income (2009), urban or rural residence in 2009, health insurance coverage (2005), alcohol drinking (2009), physical activities (2009), body mass index (2009), and self-reported health (2009)