Skip to main content

Table 4 Pregnancy-related mortality using different adjustment options; option I (No adjustment), option II (Partial adjustment-deaths only) and option III (Full adjustment-both deaths and births)

From: Rural-urban differentials in pregnancy-related mortality in Zambia: estimates using data collected in a census

Option I (No adjustment) Option II (Partial adjustment) Option III (Full adjustment)
Zambia total
Age group Recorded Deaths Recorded PR Deaths Recorded Live Births Crude PRMRatio Crude PMDF Adj. Deaths Adj. PR Deaths Recorded Live Births Partially Adj. PRMRatio Adj. PMDF Adj. Deaths Adj. PR Deaths Adj. Live Births Adj. PRMRatio Adj. PMDF
15–19 1834 560 58,999 949 0.31 1953 680 58,999 1152 0.35 1953 680 73,068 930 0.35
20–24 4611 715 128,270 557 0.16 4981 842 128,270 656 0.17 4981 842 159,340 528 0.17
25–29 4969 865 114,701 754 0.17 5320 997 114,701 869 0.19 5320 997 142,723 698 0.19
30–34 5144 753 74,066 1017 0.15 5481 866 74,066 1170 0.16 5481 866 92,116 940 0.16
35–39 4449 466 45,452 1025 0.10 4747 546 45,452 1200 0.11 4747 546 56,339 968 0.11
40–44 3038 227 16,150 1406 0.07 3277 273 16,150 1690 0.08 3277 273 19,939 1369 0.08
45–49 2382 111 4439 2501 0.05 2582 131 4439 2956 0.05 2582 131 5476 2397 0.05
Total 26,427 3697 442,077 836 14.0 % 28,342 4334 442,077 980 15.3 % 28,342 4334 549,000 789 15.3 %
Zambia Rural (Adj. factors: deaths = 1.41; births = 1.22)
15–19 927 404 41,899 964 0.44 1303 568 41,899 1355 0.44 1303 568 50,966 1114 0.44
20–24 2431 478 84,736 564 0.20 3417 672 84,736 793 0.20 3417 672 103,074 652 0.20
25–29 2553 547 72,639 753 0.21 3588 769 72,639 1058 0.21 3588 769 88,359 870 0.21
30–34 2603 474 47,489 998 0.18 3658 666 47,489 1403 0.18 3658 666 57,766 1153 0.18
35–39 2260 307 31,641 970 0.14 3176 431 31,641 1364 0.14 3176 431 38,488 1121 0.14
40–44 1596 160 12,286 1302 0.10 2243 225 12,286 1830 0.10 2243 225 14,945 1505 0.10
45–49 1270 75 3441 2180 0.06 1785 105 3441 3063 0.06 1785 105 4186 2518 0.06
Total 13,640 2445 294,131 831 17.9 % 19,171 3436 294,131 1168 17.9 % 19,171 3436 357,784 960 17.9 %
Zambia Urban (Adj. factors: deaths = 0.72; births = 1.29)
15–19 906 156 17,100 912 0.17 650 112 17,100 654 0.17 650 112 22,101 506 0.17
20–24 2180 237 43,534 544 0.11 1564 170 43,534 390 0.11 1564 170 56,266 302 0.11
25–29 2416 318 42,062 756 0.13 1733 228 42,062 542 0.13 1733 228 54,364 420 0.13
30–34 2541 279 26,577 1050 0.11 1822 200 26,577 753 0.11 1822 200 34,350 583 0.11
35–39 2189 159 13,811 1151 0.07 1570 114 13,811 826 0.07 1570 114 17,850 639 0.07
40–44 1442 67 3864 1734 0.05 1034 48 3864 1244 0.05 1034 48 4994 962 0.05
45–49 1112 36 998 3607 0.03 798 26 998 2587 0.03 798 26 1290 2002 0.03
Total 12,786 1252 147,946 846 9.8 % 9171 898 147,946 607 9.8 % 9171 898 191,216 470 9.8 %