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Table 11 Contributions of population composition (P-effects) and mortality (M-effects) to changes in standard deviation by time periods (in years)

From: Disparities in length of life across developed countries: measuring and decomposing changes over time within and between country groups

  Males Females
  1970–1984 1984–1994 1994–2004 2004–2010a 1970–1984 1984–1994 1994–2004 2004–2010a
Total change in overall StD 1.33 1.92 0.00 −0.37 0.68 0.87 −0.03 −0.23
  P-effect 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  M-effect 1.33 1.92 0.00 −0.37 0.68 0.87 −0.03 −0.23
Total change in between-group StD 1.97 2.02 −0.07 −0.36 1.19 0.95 −0.20 −0.23
  P-effect 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  M-effect 1.97 2.02 −0.07 −0.36 1.19 0.95 −0.20 −0.23
Total change in within-group StD −0.24 0.11 0.21 −0.08 −0.17 0.07 0.32 −0.07
  P-effect 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  M-effect −0.24 0.11 0.21 −0.08 −0.17 0.07 0.32 −0.07
  1. Note: aAs in Table 1