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Table 5 Country-group components of changes in standard deviation by time period (in years)

From: Disparities in length of life across developed countries: measuring and decomposing changes over time within and between country groups

  Males Females
  1970–1984 1984–1994 1994–2004 2004–2010a 1970–1984 1984–1994 1994–2004 2004–2010a
Across all countries
Total: 1.96 2.09 0.36 −0.90 1.47 1.30 0.30 −0.49
  EME 1.39 0.68 0.92 0.43 1.47 0.78 0.79 0.26
  CEE 0.00 −0.02 −0.08 −0.03 −0.15 −0.09 −0.08 −0.02
  FSU 0.57 1.43 −0.48 −1.30 0.15 0.61 −0.41 −0.73
Between-group
Total: 2.23 2.09 0.41 −0.88 1.74 1.22 0.12 −0.48
  EME 1.57 0.69 0.97 0.46 1.78 0.70 0.68 0.35
  CEE −0.01 −0.03 −0.09 −0.03 −0.22 −0.11 −0.10 −0.03
  FSU 0.67 1.44 −0.46 −1.31 0.17 0.63 −0.46 −0.80
Within-group
Total: 0.03 0.31 −0.15 −0.19 0.09 0.44 0.45 −0.14
  EME 0.06 0.07 −0.07 −0.06 0.07 0.35 0.42 −0.11
  CEE 0.03 0.02 0.04 0.01 0.01 0.03 0.03 0.00
  FSU −0.06 0.22 −0.12 −0.14 0.01 0.06 0.01 −0.03
  1. Note: aYears in the range 2008–2010 depending on availability (see Appendix 3)