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Table 3 Major specific causes of death by residence areas and year, Dabat Demographic and Health Surveillance Site, northwest Ethiopia, 2007–2013

From: Tuberculosis and HIV are the leading causes of adult death in northwest Ethiopia: evidence from verbal autopsy data of Dabat health and demographic surveillance system, 2007–2013

Specific causes 2007–2010 2011–2013 2007–2013
Urban Rural Urban Rural
Number (%) Number (%) Number (%) Number (%) Number (%)
Tuberculosis 37 (19.0) 88 (24.1) 15 (10.5) 67 (17.7) 207 (19.1)
HIV/AIDS 27 (13.8) 34 (9.3) 14 (9.8) 21 (5.5) 96 (8.9)
Meningitis 18 (9.2) 28 (7.7) 7 (4.9) 23 (6.1) 76 (7.0)
Cerebrovascular disease 13 (6.7) 8 (2.1) 13 (9.1) 25 (6.6) 59 (5.5)
Unspecified causes of death 11 (5.6) 16 (4.4) 10 (7.0) 13 (3.4) 50 (4.6)
Renal failure 9 (4.6) 15 (4.1) 7 (4.9) 15 (4.0) 46 (4.3)
Congestive heart failure 10 (5.1) 8 (2.2) 10 (7.0) 17 (4.5) 45 (4.2)
Acute lower respiratory infections 6 (3.1) 16 (4.4) 4 (2.8) 17 (4.5) 43 (4.0)
Intestinal infectious diseases 5 (2.6) 18 (4.9) 1 (0.7) 9 (2.4) 33 (3.0)
Malaria/leishmaniasis 5 (2.5) 14 (3.8) 1 (0.7) 7 (1.8) 27 (2.5)
Hypertensive diseases 6 (3.1) 5 (1.4) 6 (4.2) 5 (1.3) 22 (2.0)
Intentional self-harm 0 7 (1.9) 1 (0.7) 13 (3.4) 21 (1.9)
Assault 1 (0.5) 7 (1.9) 1 (0.7) 8 (2.1) 17 (1.6)
Paralytic ileus and intestinal obstruction 1 (0.5) 13 (3.6) 1 (0.7) 2 (0.5) 17 (1.6)
Accidental fall 2 (1.0) 7 (1.9) 0 6 (1.6) 15 (1.4)
Acute abdomen 2 (1.0) 6 (1.6) 2 (1.4) 5 (1.3) 15 (1.4)
Gastric and duodenal ulcer 1 (0.5) 4 (1.1) 3 (2.1) 6 (1.6) 14 (1.3)
Chronic liver disease 3 (1.5) 2 (0.5) 2 (1.4) 6 (1.6) 13 (1.2)
Infectious diseases, unspecified 0 6 (1.6) 1 (0.7) 5 (1.3) 12 (1.1)
Accidental drowning and submersion 1 (0.5) 6 (1.6) 0 4 (1.1) 11 (1.0)
Asthma 5 (2.6) 1 (0.3) 3 (2.1) 2 (0.5) 11 (1.0)
Other specified disorders of the nervous system 1 (0.5) 4 (1.1) 2 (1.4) 4 (1.1) 11 (1.0)
Other causes of deatha 29 (14.9) 51 (14.0) 40 (28.0) 101 (26.6) 216 (20.0)
Total 195 (18.0) 365 (33.7) 143 (13.2) 379 (35.0) 1082 (100.0)
  1. aOther causes of death: Malignant neoplasm of esophagus; diabetes mellitus; ischemic heart disease; contact with venomous animals and plants; malignant neoplasm of breast; other specified event, undetermined intention; pedestrian injured in traffic accident; postpartum hemorrhage; war deaths; accident, unspecified