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Table 6 Factors associated with the top three causes of death, Dabat Demographic and Health Surveillance Site, northwest Ethiopia, 2007–2013

From: Tuberculosis and HIV are the leading causes of adult death in northwest Ethiopia: evidence from verbal autopsy data of Dabat health and demographic surveillance system, 2007–2013

Covariate Level No Yes COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Number (%) Number (%)
Tuberculosis
 Sex Female 445 (50.9) 119 (57.5) 1  
Male 430 (49.1) 88 (42.5) 0.8 (0.6; 1.0) 0.8 (0.7; 1.1)
 Residence Urban 285 (32.6) 52 (25.1) 1  
Rural 590 (67.4) 155 (74.9) 1.4 (1.0; 2.0) 1.6 (1.1; 2.4)
 Age group 15–24 years 108 (12.3) 14 (6.8) 1  
25–49 years 219 (25.1) 54 (26.1) 1.9 (1.0; 3.6) 1.9 (1.0; 3.5)
> = 50 years 548 (62.6) 139 (67.1) 1.9 (1.1; 3.5) 1.7 (0.9; 3.2)
 Education Uneducated 621 (71.0) 163 (78.7) 1  
1–4 114 (13.0) 24 (11.6) 0.8 (0.5; 1.3) 0.9 (0.6; 1.5)
5–8 65 (7.4) 7 (3.4) 0.4 (0.2; 0.9) 0.5 (0.2;1.2)
9+ 75 (8.6) 13 (6.3) 0.6 (0.3; 1.1) 0.8 (0.4;1.7)
 Climatic zone Mid- and lowland 180 (20.5) 34 (16.5) 1  
Highland 696 (79.5) 172 (85.5) 1.3 (0.9; 2.0) 1.5 (1.0; 2.4)
HIV/AIDS
 Sex Female 505 (51.2) 59 (64.5) 1.5 (1.0, 2.3) 1.8 (1.2, 3.0)
Male 481 (49.8) 37 (38.5) 1 1
 Residence Urban 296 (30.0) 41 (42.7) 1  
Rural 690 (70.0) 55 (57.8) 0.6 (0.4; 0.9) 1.0 (0.6; 1.7)
 Age group 15–24 years 113 (11.5) 9 (9.4) 1  
25–49 years 221 (22.4) 52 (54.2) 3.0 (1.4; 6.2) 3.2 (1.5; 6.9)
> = 50 years 652 (66.1) 35 (36.5) 0. 7 (0.3; 1.4) 1.0 (0.4; 2.3)
 Education Uneducated 733 (74.3) 51 (53.1)   
1–4 124 (12.6) 14 (14.6) 1.6 (0.9; 3.0) 1.7 (0.9; 3.3)
5–8 62 (6.3) 10 (10.4) 2.32 (1.1; 4.8) 1.8 (0.8; 4.1)
9+ 67 (6.8) 21 (21.9) 4.5 (2.6; 7.9) 3.1 (1.5; 6.5)
 Climatic zone Mid- and lowland 201 (20.4) 13 (13.4)   
Highland 786 (79.6) 83 (86.5) 1.6 (0.9; 3.0) 1.38 (0.7; 2.7)
Meningitis
 Sex Female 524 (52.1) 40 (52.6) 1 1
Male 482 (47.9) 36 (47.4) 1.0 (0.6; 1. 6) 1.0 (0.6; 1.8)
 Residence Urban 312 (45.0) 25 (32.9) 1 1
Rural 694 (55.0) 51 (67.1) 0.9 (0.6;1.5) 1.0 (0.6;2.2)
 Age group 15–24 years 105 (10.4) 17 (22.4) 1 1
25–49 years 254 (25.2) 19 (25.0) 0.5 (0.2; 0.9) 0.4 (0.2; 0.9)
> = 50 years 647 (64.3) 40 (52.6) 0.4 (0.2; 0.7) 0.4 (0.2; 0.7)
 Education Uneducated 732 (72.8) 52 (68.4) 1 1
1–4 132 (13.1) 6 (8.0) 0.6 (0.3; 1.5) 0.5 (0.2; 1.4)
5–8 66 (6.6) 6 (8.0) 1.9 (0.5; 3.1) 0.9 (0.4; 2.4)
9+ 76 (7.6) 12 (15.8) 2.2 (1.2; 4.4) 1.7 (0.7; 3.8)
 Climatic zone Mid- and lowland 203 (20.2) 11 (14.5) 1 1
Highland 803 (79.8) 65 (85.5) 1.5 (0.8; 2.9) 1.7 (0.8; 3.4)