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Table 1 Distribution of foreign population resident in Italy (age 18–69) interviewed in the surveillance system PASSI (2008–2013; n = 228,201; foreigners 9516, 4.1% of the respondents) by selected sociodemographic variables. Comparison with residents with Italian citizenship

From: Migrant health in Italy: a better health status difficult to maintain—country of origin and assimilation effects studied from the Italian risk factor surveillance data

  % on the total of migrants CI % among Italians CI
Country of origin (geographical area)*
 European Union (not From HDC) 31.2 30.1–32.2%
 Other European countries 28.9 27.9–29.9%
 North Africa 12.7 11.9–13.5%
 Sub-Saharan Africa 6.3 5.7–6.9%
 Asia 10.4 9.7–11.2%
 America (not from HDC) 10.6 9.8–11.4%
Length of stay in Italy
 0–4 years 15.7 14.7–16.7%
 5–9 years 29.7 28.5–31.0%
 10 years and over 54.6 53.3–55.9%
Gender
 Male 41.4 40.2–42.6% 49.8 49.7–49.9%
 Female 58.6 57.4–59.8% 50.2 50.1–50.3%
Age
 18–24 11.3 10.6–12.0% 11.1 10.9–11.3%
 25–34 31.7 30.5–32.8% 17.9 17.7–18.0%
 35–49 42.2 41.1–43.4% 34.5 34.4–34.6%
 50–69 14.8 14.0–15.7% 36.5 36.4–36.6%
Economic difficulties
 A lot 25.4 24.4–26.5% 14.2 14.0–14.4%
 Some 48.2 47.0–49.4% 41.4 41.1–41.7%
 None 26.4 25.3–27.5% 44.4 44.1–44.7%
Education
 Elementary-no school 9.7 9.0–10.5% 10.2 10.0–10.3%
 Middle school diploma 34.0 32.9–35.2% 30.1 29.8–30.3%
 High school diploma 45.3 44.1–46.5% 45.0 44.8–45.3%
 University degree 11.0 10.2–11.8% 14.7 14.5–14.9%
Marital status
 Single 26.0 24.9–27.1% 32.7 32.5–32.9%
 Married 64.8 63.6–65.9% 60.0 59.6–60.1%
 Separated/divorced 6.6 6.1–7.3% 4.9 4.8–5.0%
 Widow/er 2.6 2.3–3.1% 2.5 2.4–2.6%
  1. *Only citizens from countries with high migration pressure have been considered, those coming from highly developed countries (HDC), 600 in our sample, less than 0.3%, have been excluded by the analysis