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Table 1 Overview of differences in modelling approach used by IHME, IBGE and DDM-R for estimating completeness of death registration. Albuquerque and Senna [10], IHME [11] and IBGE [12]

From: Comparative analysis of completeness of death registration, adult mortality and life expectancy at birth in Brazil at the subnational level

Method Overview
GGB • Requirements: 2 population age structure, death counts by age
• Assumptions: no age misreporting, completeness constant by age, closed population or very small migration flows
• Basic idea: balancing equation, death rates = birth rates − growth rates
• Model as a regression model. Intercept gives the relative coverage from the two-population age structure, slope gives an estimate of relative completeness of death registration
SEG • Requirements: 2 population age structure, death counts by age
• Assumptions: no age misreporting, completeness constant by age, closed population or very small migration flows, coverage constant across population counts
• If we follow a cohort, number of people aged 0 is equals to the number of deaths aged 0 in year t, plus deaths aged 1 in year t + 1 and so on. Use age-specific growth rates and current deaths to estimate future cohort deaths
• Completeness is obtained by comparing observed population to population obtained from death counts
SEG-adj • Requirements: 2 population age structure, death counts by age
• Basic idea: uses GGB to obtain relative coverage from the two-population age structure. Adjust population so they have the same level of completeness. Apply SEG after this adjustment.
DDM-R • Provides estimates of the 3 basic death distribution methods
• Age segments used to obtain intercept and slope in GGB are given by testing different adjustment and selecting the best fit using RMSE
• Same age group is used to estimate SEG and SEG-adj
IBGE • In 1980–1991 and 1991–2000 uses the original version of the Growth Balance that assumes stable population
• 2000–2010 used GGB, but does a top-down adjustment to the country level to correct subnational level
IHME • Documentation suggests that uses all three versions of DDM
• SEG 55–80, GGB 40–70, and GGBSEG 50–70 are the best methods that can be currently used to estimate relative completeness of death registration
• Documentation is not clear on which age range is used to obtain estimates for Brazil and subnational level.