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Table 4 Associations between individual- and census tract- and county-level socioeconomic status measures, Mortality Disparities in American Community study

From: Comparisons of individual- and area-level socioeconomic status as proxies for individual-level measures: evidence from the Mortality Disparities in American Communities study

  Census tract-level characteristic County-level characteristic
Individual-level characteristic OR OR
Household income   
 Above U.S. median 2.284 1.325
Poverty level   
 ≤ 100% FPL 2.176 1.209
Education   
 Has high school degree 2.370 1.214
 Has college degree 2.513 1.364
Employment/occupation   
 Is unemployeda 1.616 1.137
 Employed in blue-collar industryb 1.324 1.030
Other characteristics   
 Owns home 2.663 1.200
 Foreign born 3.159 1.988
  1. For household income, education, and owns home, having a value of 1 was considered low risk for health outcomes, while having a value of 0 was considered high risk; in contrast, for poverty, employment/occupation, and foreign born, having a value of 1 was considered high risk, while having a value of 0 was considered low risk. Each row is a different logistic regression model. Models included a control variable for county population. All p < .0001
  2. OR odds ratio, FPL federal poverty level
  3. aUnemployment was measured among participants who reported being in the workforce (e.g., excluding retirees)
  4. bEmployment in a blue-collar industry was measured among participants who reported being employed (i.e., excluding unemployed participants)