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Page 8 of 10

  1. Participant nonresponse in an HIV serosurvey can affect estimates of HIV prevalence. Nonresponse can arise from a participant's refusal to provide a blood sample or the failure to trace a sampled individual. I...

    Authors: Abdhalah K Ziraba, Nyovani J Madise, Mwau Matilu, Eliya Zulu, John Kebaso, Samoel Khamadi, Vincent Okoth and Alex C Ezeh

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2010 8:22

    Content type: Research

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  2. Developing countries generally lack complete vital registration systems that can produce cause of death information for health planning in their populations. As an alternative, verbal autopsy (VA) - the proces...

    Authors: Samuel O Oti and Catherine Kyobutungi

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2010 8:21

    Content type: Research

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  3. Verbal autopsy analyses are widely used for estimating cause-specific mortality rates (CSMR) in the vast majority of the world without high-quality medical death registration. Verbal autopsies -- survey interv...

    Authors: Gary King, Ying Lu and Kenji Shibuya

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2010 8:19

    Content type: Research

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  4. The aim of this epidemiological study was to investigate the relationship of thermal discomfort with cold extremities (TDCE) to age, gender, and body mass index (BMI) in a Swiss urban population.

    Authors: Maneli Mozaffarieh, Paola Fontana Gasio, Andreas Schötzau, Selim Orgül, Josef Flammer and Kurt Kräuchi

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2010 8:17

    Content type: Research

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  5. To determine the value of maternal height and weight data on birth certificate records when estimating prevalence of overweight and obese adults at the neighborhood level.

    Authors: David A Webb, Jessica M Robbins, Joan R Bloch and Jennifer F Culhane

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2010 8:16

    Content type: Research

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  6. Complete and accurate ascertainment of mortality is critically important in any longitudinal study. Tracking of mortality is particularly essential among US military members because of unique occupational expo...

    Authors: Tomoko I Hooper, Gary D Gackstetter, Cynthia A LeardMann, Edward J Boyko, Lisa A Pearse, Besa Smith, Paul J Amoroso and Tyler C Smith

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2010 8:15

    Content type: Research

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  7. Almost 400,000 deaths are registered each year in Thailand. Their value for public health policy and planning is greatly diminished by incomplete registration of deaths and by concerns about the quality of cau...

    Authors: Yawarat Porapakkham, Chalapati Rao, Junya Pattaraarchachai, Warangkana Polprasert, Theo Vos, Timothy Adair and Alan D Lopez

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2010 8:14

    Content type: Research

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  8. Ascertainment of cause for deaths that occur in the absence of medical attention is a significant problem in many countries, including Thailand, where more than 50% of such deaths are registered with ill-defin...

    Authors: Warangkana Polprasert, Chalapati Rao, Timothy Adair, Junya Pattaraarchachai, Yawarat Porapakkham and Alan D Lopez

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2010 8:13

    Content type: Research

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  9. In Thailand, 35% of all deaths occur in hospitals, and the cause of death is medically certified by attending physicians. About 15% of hospital deaths are registered with nonspecific diagnoses, despite the pot...

    Authors: Junya Pattaraarchachai, Chalapati Rao, Warangkana Polprasert, Yawarat Porapakkham, Wansa Pao-in, Noppcha Singwerathum and Alan D Lopez

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2010 8:12

    Content type: Research

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  10. Cause-specific mortality statistics by age and sex are primary evidence for epidemiological research and health policy. Annual mortality statistics from vital registration systems in Thailand are of limited ut...

    Authors: Chalapati Rao, Yawarat Porapakkham, Junya Pattaraarchachai, Warangkana Polprasert, Narumol Swampunyalert and Alan D Lopez

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2010 8:11

    Content type: Research

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  11. Coverage and quality of cause-of-death (CoD) data varies across countries and time. Valid, reliable, and comparable assessments of trends in causes of death from even the best systems are limited by three prob...

    Authors: Mohsen Naghavi, Susanna Makela, Kyle Foreman, Janaki O'Brien, Farshad Pourmalek and Rafael Lozano

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2010 8:9

    Content type: Research

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  12. The objective of the paper is to compare population health in the United States (US) and Canada. Although the two countries are very similar in many ways, there are potentially important differences in the lev...

    Authors: David Feeny, Mark S Kaplan, Nathalie Huguet and Bentson H McFarland

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2010 8:8

    Content type: Research

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  13. Significant differences in health outcomes have been documented among Hispanic persons, the fastest-growing demographic segment of the United States. The objective of this study was to examine trends in popula...

    Authors: William S Pearson, William S Garvin, Earl S Ford and Lina S Balluz

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2010 8:7

    Content type: Research

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  14. Child injury is recognized as a global health problem. Injuries caused the highest burden of disease among the total population of Iran in 2003. We aimed to estimate the morbidity, mortality, and disease burde...

    Authors: Mohsen Naghavi, Farshad Pourmalek, Saeid Shahraz, Nahid Jafari, Bahram Delavar and Mohammad Esmail Motlagh

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2010 8:5

    Content type: Research

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  15. Alcohol consumption is a major risk factor in the global burden of disease, with overall volume of exposure as the principal underlying dimension. Two main sources of data on volume of alcohol exposure are ava...

    Authors: Jürgen Rehm, Tara Kehoe, Gerrit Gmel, Fred Stinson, Bridget Grant and Gerhard Gmel

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2010 8:3

    Content type: Research

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  16. This paper examines the specificity and sensitivity of a breath carbon monoxide (BCO) test and optimum BCO cutoff level for validating self-reported tobacco smoking in Indigenous Australians in Arnhem Land, No...

    Authors: David J MacLaren, Katherine M Conigrave, Jan A Robertson, Rowena G Ivers, Sandra Eades and Alan R Clough

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2010 8:2

    Content type: Research

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  17. Malaria in India has been difficult to measure. Mortality and morbidity are not comprehensively reported, impeding efforts to track changes in disease burden. However, a set of blood measures has been collecte...

    Authors: Alan A Cohen, Neeraj Dhingra, Raju M Jotkar, Peter S Rodriguez, Vinod P Sharma and Prabhat Jha

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2010 8:1

    Content type: Research

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  18. The Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20) was developed in 1995. Since then, it has been widely used in cancer research and cancer-related illnesses but has never been validated in fatiguing illnesses or...

    Authors: Jin-Mann S Lin, Dana J Brimmer, Elizabeth M Maloney, Ernestina Nyarko, Rhonda BeLue and William C Reeves

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2009 7:18

    Content type: Research

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  19. Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is defined by self-reported symptoms. There are no diagnostic signs or laboratory markers, and the pathophysiology remains inchoate. In part, difficulties identifying and replica...

    Authors: Eric Aslakson, Uté Vollmer-Conna, William C Reeves and Peter D White

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2009 7:17

    Content type: Research

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  20. Current US surveillance data provide estimates of diabetes using laboratory tests at the national level as well as self-reported data at the state level. Self-reported diabetes prevalence may be biased because...

    Authors: Goodarz Danaei, Ari B Friedman, Shefali Oza, Christopher JL Murray and Majid Ezzati

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2009 7:16

    Content type: Research

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  21. Large-scale epidemiological studies commonly use self-reported weights and heights to determine weight status. Validity of such self-reported data has been assessed primarily in Western populations in develope...

    Authors: Lynette LY Lim, Sam-ang Seubsman and Adrian Sleigh

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2009 7:15

    Content type: Research

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  22. Some of the Census Enumeration Areas' (CEA) information may help planning the sample of population studies but it can also be used for some analyses that require information that is more difficult to obtain at...

    Authors: Fabio S Gomes, Mauricio TL Vasconcellos and Luiz A Anjos

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2009 7:14

    Content type: Research

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  23. Based on the global predictions majority of deaths will be collectively caused by cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and traffic accidents over the coming 25 years. In planning future national health policy acti...

    Authors: Milena Santric Milicevic, Vesna Bjegovic, Zorica Terzic, Dejana Vukovic, Nikola Kocev, Jelena Marinkovic and Vladimir Vasic

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2009 7:12

    Content type: Research

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  24. Our aim was to estimate the burden of fatal disease attributable to excess adiposity in England and Wales in 2003 and 2015 and to explore the sensitivity of the estimates to the assumptions and methods used.

    Authors: Christopher Kelly, Nora Pashayan, Sreetharan Munisamy and John W Powles

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2009 7:11

    Content type: Research

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  25. The objective of this study was to estimate the burden of disease and injury in Iran for the year 2003, using Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) at the national level and for six selected provinces.

    Authors: Mohsen Naghavi, Farid Abolhassani, Farshad Pourmalek, Maziar Moradi Lakeh, Nahid Jafari, Sanaz Vaseghi, Niloufar Mahdavi Hezaveh and Hossein Kazemeini

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2009 7:9

    Content type: Research

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  26. Recognition of the global economic and epidemiological burden of chronic non-communicable diseases has increased in recent years. However, much of the research on this issue remains focused on individual-level...

    Authors: Fernando G De Maio, Bruno Linetzky and Mario Virgolini

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2009 7:8

    Content type: Research

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  27. The aim of this study was to estimate the fraction of lung cancer incidence in Iran attributed to occupational exposures to the well-established lung cancer carcinogens, including silica, cadmium, nickel, arse...

    Authors: Alireza Mosavi-Jarrahi, Mohammadali Mohagheghi, Bita Kalaghchi, Yasaman Mousavi-Jarrahi and Mohammad Kazem Noori

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2009 7:7

    Content type: Research

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  28. Verbal autopsy (VA) is an established tool for assessing cause-specific mortality patterns in communities where deaths are not routinely medically certified, and is an important source of data on deaths among ...

    Authors: Peter Byass, Lucia D'Ambruoso, Moctar Ouédraogo and S Nurul Qomariyah

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2009 7:6

    Content type: Research

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  29. The main objectives of this study were to prove the feasibility of health expectancy analyses with regional administrative health statistics and to explore the utility of the calculated health expectancies in ...

    Authors: Paulo Pinheiro and Alexander Krämer

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2009 7:4

    Content type: Research

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  30. Burden of disease estimates, which combine mortality and morbidity into a single measure, are used increasingly for priority setting in disease control, prevention and surveillance. However, because there is n...

    Authors: Juanita A Haagsma, Arie H Havelaar, Bas MF Janssen and Gouke J Bonsel

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2008 6:7

    Content type: Research

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  31. Researchers are increasingly investigating the potential for ordinal tasks such as ranking and discrete choice experiments to estimate QALY health state values. However, the assumptions of random utility theor...

    Authors: Terry N Flynn, Jordan J Louviere, Anthony AJ Marley, Joanna Coast and Tim J Peters

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2008 6:6

    Content type: Research

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  32. Population health is linked closely to poverty. To assess the effectiveness of health interventions it is critical to monitor the spatial and temporal changes in the health indicators of populations and outcom...

    Authors: Abdisalan M Noor, Victor A Alegana, Peter W Gething, Andrew J Tatem and Robert W Snow

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2008 6:5

    Content type: Research

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  33. In the United States, relatively little is known about cause of death in individuals who die prior to or after hospital discharge for acute coronary syndromes (ACS). The purpose of this report was to compare b...

    Authors: Charles Maynard, Elliott Lowy, Mary McDonell and Stephan D Fihn

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2008 6:3

    Content type: Research

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  34. With increasing urbanization in sub-Saharan Africa and poor economic performance, the growth of slums is unavoidable. About 71% of urban residents in Kenya live in slums. Slums are characteristically unplanned...

    Authors: Catherine Kyobutungi, Abdhalah Kasiira Ziraba, Alex Ezeh and Yazoumé Yé

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2008 6:1

    Content type: Research

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  35. In countries where routine vital registration data are scarce, Demographic Surveillance Sites (DSS: locally defined populations under longitudinal surveillance for vital events and other characteristics) and D...

    Authors: Peter Byass, Alemayehu Worku, Anders Emmelin and Yemane Berhane

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2007 5:12

    Content type: Research

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  36. To provide quantitative insight into current U.S. policy choices for cervical cancer prevention, we developed a model of human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer, explicitly incorporating uncertainty abo...

    Authors: Jeremy D Goldhaber-Fiebert, Natasha K Stout, Jesse Ortendahl, Karen M Kuntz, Sue J Goldie and Joshua A Salomon

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2007 5:11

    Content type: Research

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