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  1. Monitoring the time course of mortality by cause is a key public health issue. However, several mortality data production changes may affect cause-specific time trends, thus altering the interpretation. This p...

    Authors: Grégoire Rey, Albertine Aouba, Gérard Pavillon, Rasmus Hoffmann, Iris Plug, Ragnar Westerling, Eric Jougla and Johan Mackenbach
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:52
  2. The high prevalence of chronic diseases in Western countries implies that the presence of multiple chronic diseases within one person is common. Especially at older ages, when the likelihood of having a chroni...

    Authors: Pieter H van Baal, Peter M Engelfriet, Hendriek C Boshuizen, Jan van de Kassteele, Francois G Schellevis and Rudolf T Hoogenveen
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:51
  3. InterVA is a widely disseminated tool for cause of death attribution using information from verbal autopsies. Several studies have attempted to validate the concordance and accuracy of the tool, but the main l...

    Authors: Rafael Lozano, Michael K Freeman, Spencer L James, Benjamin Campbell, Alan D Lopez, Abraham D Flaxman and Christopher JL Murray
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:50
  4. The most common method for determining cause of death is certification by physicians based either on available medical records, or where such data are not available, through verbal autopsy (VA). The physician-...

    Authors: Evasius Bauni, Carolyne Ndila, George Mochamah, Gideon Nyutu, Lena Matata, Charles Ondieki, Barbara Mambo, Maureen Mutinda, Benjamin Tsofa, Eric Maitha, Anthony Etyang and Thomas N Williams
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:49
  5. Verbal autopsy (VA) is a widely used method for analyzing cause of death in absence of vital registration systems. We adapted the InterVA method to extrapolate causes of death for stillbirths and neonatal deat...

    Authors: Stefania Vergnano, Edward Fottrell, David Osrin, Peter N Kazembe, Charles Mwansambo, Dharma S Manandhar, Stephan P Munjanja, Peter Byass, Sonia Lewycka and Anthony Costello
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:48
  6. The advent of the HIV pandemic and the more recent prevention and therapeutic interventions have resulted in extensive and rapid changes in cause-specific mortality rates in sub-Saharan Africa, and there is de...

    Authors: Abraham J Herbst, Tshepiso Mafojane and Marie-Louise Newell
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:47
  7. Verbal autopsy (VA) has often been used for point estimates of cause-specific mortality, but seldom to characterize long-term changes in epidemic patterns. Monitoring emerging causes of death involves practiti...

    Authors: Peter Byass, Kathleen Kahn, Edward Fottrell, Paul Mee, Mark A Collinson and Stephen M Tollman
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:46
  8. "Social autopsy" refers to an interview process aimed at identifying social, behavioral, and health systems contributors to maternal and child deaths. It is often combined with a verbal autopsy interview to es...

    Authors: Henry D Kalter, Rene Salgado, Marzio Babille, Alain K Koffi and Robert E Black
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:45
  9. Effective implementation of child survival interventions depends on improved understanding of cultural, social, and health system factors affecting utilization of health care. Never the less, no standardized i...

    Authors: Karin Källander, Daniel Kadobera, Thomas N Williams, Rikke Thoft Nielsen, Lucy Yevoo, Aloysius Mutebi, Jonas Akpakli, Clement Narh, Margaret Gyapong, Alberta Amu and Peter Waiswa
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:44
  10. Trends in the causes of child mortality serve as important global health information to guide efforts to improve child survival. With child mortality declining in Bangladesh, the distribution of causes of deat...

    Authors: Li Liu, Qingfeng Li, Rose A Lee, Ingrid K Friberg, Jamie Perin, Neff Walker and Robert E Black
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:43
  11. Because of a physician shortage in many low-income countries, the use of nonphysicians to classify perinatal mortality (stillbirth and early neonatal death) using verbal autopsy could be useful.

    Authors: Cyril Engmann, John Ditekemena, Imtiaz Jehan, Ana Garces, Mutinta Phiri, Vanessa Thorsten, Manolo Mazariegos, Elwyn Chomba, Omrana Pasha, Antoinette Tshefu, Elizabeth M McClure, Dennis Wallace, Robert L Goldenberg, Waldemar A Carlo, Linda L Wright and Carl Bose
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:42
  12. Verbal autopsy (VA) is a widely used tool to assign probable cause of death in areas with inadequate vital registration systems. Its uses in priority setting and health planning are well documented in sub-Saha...

    Authors: Mathew A Mwanyangala, Honorathy M Urassa, Jensen C Rutashobya, Chrisostom C Mahutanga, Angelina M Lutambi, Deodatus V Maliti, Honorati M Masanja, Salim K Abdulla and Rose N Lema
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:41
  13. Verbal autopsy (VA) can be used to describe leading causes of death in countries like Zambia where vital events registration does not produce usable data. The objectives of this study were to assess the feasib...

    Authors: Sheila S Mudenda, Stanley Kamocha, Robert Mswia, Martha Conkling, Palver Sikanyiti, Dara Potter, William C Mayaka and Melissa A Marx
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:40
  14. The Mortality Information System (MIS) in Brazil records mortality data in hospitals and civil registries with the responsibility of compiling underlying cause of death. Despite continuous improvements in the ...

    Authors: Elisabeth França, Deise Campos, Mark DC Guimarães and Maria de Fátima M Souza
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:39
  15. In Mexico, the vital registration system relies on information collected from death certificates to generate official mortality figures. Although the death certificate has high coverage across the country, the...

    Authors: Bernardo Hernández, Dolores Ramírez-Villalobos, Minerva Romero, Sara Gómez, Charles Atkinson and Rafael Lozano
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:38
  16. In 2004, the media repeatedly reported water pollution and "cancer villages" along the Huai River in China. Due to the lack of death records for more than 30 years, a retrospective survey of causes of death us...

    Authors: Xia Wan, Maigeng Zhou, Zhuang Tao, Ding Ding and Gonghuan Yang
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:37
  17. Verbal autopsy is important for detecting causes of death including HIV in areas with inadequate vital registration systems. Before antiretroviral therapy (ART) introduction, a verbal autopsy study in rural Ug...

    Authors: Billy N Mayanja, Kathy Baisley, Norah Nalweyiso, Freddie M Kibengo, Joseph O Mugisha, Lieve Van der Paal, Dermot Maher and Pontiano Kaleebu
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:36
  18. Verbal autopsy (VA) is used to estimate the causes of death in areas with incomplete vital registration systems. The King and Lu method (KL) for direct estimation of cause-specific mortality fractions (CSMFs) ...

    Authors: Abraham D Flaxman, Alireza Vahdatpour, Spencer L James, Jeanette K Birnbaum and Christopher JL Murray
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:35
  19. Through application of the verbal autopsy (VA) approach, trained fieldworkers collect information about the probable cause of death (COD) by using a standardized questionnaire to interview family members who w...

    Authors: Maurice Yé, Eric Diboulo, Louis Niamba, Ali Sié, Boubacar Coulibaly, Cheik Bagagnan, Jonas Dembélé and Heribert Ramroth
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:34
  20. The process of data collection and the methods used to assign the cause of death vary significantly among different verbal autopsy protocols, but there are few data to describe the consequences of the choices ...

    Authors: Rohina Joshi, Devarsetty Praveen, Clara Chow and Bruce Neal
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:33
  21. Physician review of a verbal autopsy (VA) and completion of a death certificate remains the most widely used approach for VA analysis. This study provides new evidence about the performance of physician-certif...

    Authors: Rafael Lozano, Alan D Lopez, Charles Atkinson, Mohsen Naghavi, Abraham D Flaxman and Christopher JL Murray
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:32
  22. Verbal autopsies provide valuable information for studying mortality patterns in populations that lack reliable vital registration data. Methods for transforming verbal autopsy results into meaningful informat...

    Authors: Spencer L James, Abraham D Flaxman and Christopher JL Murray
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:31
  23. Verbal autopsy can be a useful tool for generating cause of death data in data-sparse regions around the world. The Symptom Pattern (SP) Method is one promising approach to analyzing verbal autopsy data, but i...

    Authors: Christopher JL Murray, Spencer L James, Jeanette K Birnbaum, Michael K Freeman, Rafael Lozano and Alan D Lopez
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:30
  24. Computer-coded verbal autopsy (CCVA) is a promising alternative to the standard approach of physician-certified verbal autopsy (PCVA), because of its high speed, low cost, and reliability. This study introduce...

    Authors: Abraham D Flaxman, Alireza Vahdatpour, Sean Green, Spencer L James and Christopher JL Murray
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:29
  25. Verbal autopsy (VA) is an important method for obtaining cause of death information in settings without vital registration and medical certification of causes of death. An array of methods, including physician...

    Authors: Christopher JL Murray, Rafael Lozano, Abraham D Flaxman, Alireza Vahdatpour and Alan D Lopez
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:28

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Population Health Metrics 2014 12:7

  26. Verbal autopsy methods are critically important for evaluating the leading causes of death in populations without adequate vital registration systems. With a myriad of analytical and data collection approaches...

    Authors: Christopher JL Murray, Alan D Lopez, Robert Black, Ramesh Ahuja, Said Mohd Ali, Abdullah Baqui, Lalit Dandona, Emily Dantzer, Vinita Das, Usha Dhingra, Arup Dutta, Wafaie Fawzi, Abraham D Flaxman, Sara Gómez, Bernardo Hernández, Rohina Joshi…
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:27
  27. The validity, reliability and cross-country comparability of summary measures of population health (SMPH) have been persistently debated. In this debate, the measurement and valuation of nonfatal health outcom...

    Authors: Richard Heijink, Pieter van Baal, Mark Oppe, Xander Koolman and Gert Westert
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:17
  28. The United States health care debate has focused on the nation's uniquely high rates of lack of insurance and poor health outcomes relative to other high-income countries. Large disparities in health outcomes ...

    Authors: Sandeep C Kulkarni, Alison Levin-Rector, Majid Ezzati and Christopher JL Murray
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:16
  29. Multimorbidity is becoming more prevalent. Previously-used methods of assessing multimorbidity relied on counting the number of health conditions, often in relation to an index condition (comorbidity), or grou...

    Authors: Libby Holden, Paul A Scuffham, Michael F Hilton, Alexander Muspratt, Shu-Kay Ng and Harvey A Whiteford
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:15
  30. We assessed the metrics used in claims about disease importance made in the introductory sections of scientific papers published in 1993 and 2003. We were interested in the choice of metric in circumstances wh...

    Authors: Hebe N Gouda and John W Powles
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:14
  31. Primary health care is recognized as a main driver of equitable health service delivery. For it to function optimally, routine health information systems (HIS) are necessary to ensure adequate provision of hea...

    Authors: Sarah Gimbel, Mark Micek, Barrot Lambdin, Joseph Lara, Marina Karagianis, Fatima Cuembelo, Stephen S Gloyd, James Pfeiffer and Kenneth Sherr
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:12
  32. Proposed draft diagnostic criteria for the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) suggest that dimensional assessments can supplement dichotomous diagnoses by incorpora...

    Authors: Satvinder S Dhingra, Kurt Kroenke, Matthew M Zack, Tara W Strine and Lina S Balluz
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:11
  33. Three approaches exist to deal with the impact of comorbidity in burden of disease studies - the maximum limit approach, the additive approach, and the multiplicative approach. The aim of this study was to com...

    Authors: Juanita A Haagsma, Ed F van Beeck, Suzanne Polinder, Hidde Toet, Martien Panneman and Gouke J Bonsel
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:10
  34. Despite the importance of mortality data for effective planning and monitoring of health services, official reporting systems rarely capture every death. The completeness of death reporting and the subsequent ...

    Authors: Karen L Carter, Gail Williams, Veronica Tallo, Diozele Sanvictores, Hazel Madera and Ian Riley
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:9
  35. High-quality, cause-specific mortality data are critical for effective health policy. Yet vague cause of death codes, such as heart failure, are highly prevalent in global mortality data. We propose an empiric...

    Authors: Ryan M Ahern, Rafael Lozano, Mohsen Naghavi, Kyle Foreman, Emmanuela Gakidou and Christopher JL Murray
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:8
  36. Death rates in military populations outside of combat are often lower than those in the general population. This study considers how this "healthy soldier effect" changes over time.

    Authors: Michael Waller and Annabel CL McGuire
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:7
  37. Alcohol consumption is causally linked to nonadherence to antiretroviral treatment that in turn causes an increase in HIV/AIDS mortality. This article presents a method to calculate the percentage of HIV/AIDS ...

    Authors: Gerrit Gmel, Kevin D Shield and Jürgen Rehm
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:5
  38. The spatial modeling of infectious disease distributions and dynamics is increasingly being undertaken for health services planning and disease control monitoring, implementation, and evaluation. Where risks a...

    Authors: Andrew J Tatem, Nicholas Campiz, Peter W Gething, Robert W Snow and Catherine Linard
    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2011 9:4

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