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  1. Content type: Research

    Palm oil’s high yields, consequent low cost and highly versatile properties as a cooking oil and food ingredient have resulted in its thorough infiltration of the food sector in some countries. Longitudinal st...

    Authors: Marcus R. Keogh-Brown, Henning Tarp Jensen, Sanjay Basu, Wichai Aekplakorn, Soledad Cuevas, Alan D. Dangour, Shabbir H. Gheewala, Rosemary Green, Edward JM Joy, Nipa Rojroongwasinkul, Nalitra Thaiprasert, Bhavani Shankar and Richard D. Smith

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:12

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  2. Content type: Research

    The ability to measure regional health inequalities across Europe and to build adequate population health indices depends significantly on the availability of reliable and comparable data at the regional level...

    Authors: Claudia Costa, Ângela Freitas, Iwa Stefanik, Thomas Krafft, Eva Pilot, Joana Morrison and Paula Santana

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:11

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  3. Content type: Research

    Doubts exist around the value of compiling league tables for cost-effectiveness results for health interventions, primarily due to methods differences. We aimed to determine if a reasonably coherent league tab...

    Authors: Nick Wilson, Anna Davies, Naomi Brewer, Nhung Nghiem, Linda Cobiac and Tony Blakely

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:10

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  4. Content type: Research

    Premature mortality is a meaningful indicator of both population health and health system performance, which varies by geography in Ontario. We used the Local Health Integration Network (LHIN) sub-regions to c...

    Authors: Emmalin Buajitti, Tristan Watson, Todd Norwood, Kathy Kornas, Catherine Bornbaum, David Henry and Laura C. Rosella

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:9

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  5. Content type: Research

    Trends in cause-specific mortality in most African countries are currently estimated from epidemiological models because the coverage of the civil registration system is low and national statistics on causes o...

    Authors: Bruno Masquelier, Gilles Pison, Julio Rakotonirina and Anjarasoa Rasoanomenjanahary

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:8

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  6. Content type: Research

    Individual sociodemographic and home neighborhood built environment (BE) factors influence the probability of engaging in health-enhancing levels of walking or moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Me...

    Authors: Anne Vernez Moudon, Ruizhu Huang, Orion T. Stewart, Hannah Cohen-Cline, Carolyn Noonan, Philip M. Hurvitz and Glen E. Duncan

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:7

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  7. Content type: Research

    Some mortality statistics are misleading when comparing between countries due to varying age distributions in their populations. In order to adjust for these differences, age-standardised mortality rates (ASMR...

    Authors: Shiva Tadayon, Kremlin Wickramasinghe and Nick Townsend

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:6

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  8. Content type: Correction

    Following the publication of this article [1], the authors reported a typesetting error in Table 1 that caused the columns of the table to be ordered incorrectly, and a typographical error in a sentence in the...

    Authors: Andrés Peralta, Joan Benach, Carme Borrell, Verónica Espinel-Flores, Lucinda Cash-Gibson, Bernardo L. Queiroz and Marc Marí-Dell’Olmo

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:5

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    The original article was published in Population Health Metrics 2019 17:3

  9. Content type: Research

    Mortality in Papua New Guinea (PNG) is poorly measured because routine reporting of deaths is incomplete and inaccurate. This study provides the first estimates in the academic literature of adult mortality (4...

    Authors: Urarang Kitur, Tim Adair and Alan D. Lopez

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:4

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  10. Content type: Research

    Mortality registries are an essential data source for public health surveillance and for planning and evaluating public policy. Nevertheless, there are still large inequalities in the completeness and quality ...

    Authors: Andrés Peralta, Joan Benach, Carme Borrell, Verónica Espinel-Flores, Lucinda Cash-Gibson, Bernardo L. Queiroz and Marc Marí-Dell’Olmo

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:3

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Population Health Metrics 2019 17:5

  11. Content type: Research

    Cause of death statistics are an important tool for quality control of the health care system. Their reliability, however, is controversial. Comparing death certificates with their corresponding medical record...

    Authors: Ueli Zellweger, Christoph Junker and Matthias Bopp

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:2

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  12. Content type: Research

    Prevention aiming at smoking, alcohol consumption, and BMI could potentially bring large gains in life expectancy (LE) and health expectancy measures such as Healthy Life Years (HLY) and Life Expectancy in Goo...

    Authors: Koen Füssenich, Wilma J. Nusselder, Stefan K. Lhachimi, Hendriek C. Boshuizen and Talitha F. Feenstra

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2019 17:1

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  13. Content type: Research

    Medical certificates of cause of death (MCCOD) issued by hospital physicians are a key input to vital registration systems. Deaths certified by hospital physicians have been implicitly considered to be of high...

    Authors: Marilla Lucero, Ian Douglas Riley, Riley H. Hazard, Diozele Sanvictores, Veronica Tallo, Dorothy Gay Marmita Dumaluan, Juanita M. Ugpo and Alan D. Lopez

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2018 16:23

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  14. Content type: Research

    The registration and certification of births has a wide array of individual and societal benefits. While near-universal in some parts of the world, birth registration is less common in many low- and middle-inc...

    Authors: David E. Phillips, Tim Adair and Alan D. Lopez

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2018 16:21

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  15. Content type: Research

    For injury deaths, the underlying cause of death is defined as the circumstances leading to the injury. When this information is missing, the ICD-10 code X59 (Exposure to unspecified factor) is used. Lack of k...

    Authors: Christian Lycke Ellingsen, Marta Ebbing, G. Cecilie Alfsen and Stein Emil Vollset

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2018 16:20

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  16. Content type: Research

    Directly standardized rates (DSRs) adjust for different age distributions in different populations and enable, say, the rates of disease between the populations to be directly compared. They are routinely publ...

    Authors: Joan K. Morris, Joachim Tan, Paul Fryers and Jonathan Bestwick

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2018 16:19

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  17. Content type: Research

    To quantify temporal trends in age-standardized rates of disease, the convention is to fit a linear regression model to log-transformed rates because the slope term provides the estimated annual percentage cha...

    Authors: Chuen Seng Tan, Nathalie Støer, Yilin Ning, Ying Chen and Marie Reilly

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2018 16:18

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  18. Content type: Research

    The burden of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is not well understood, and the number of patients likely to receive treatment in Europe has not been quantified. The aim of this study was to forecast...

    Authors: David Campbell, Ken O’Day, Nadine Hertel, John R. Penrod, Melinda Manley Daumont and Michael Lees

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2018 16:17

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  19. Content type: Research

    Accurate and reliable hospital information on the pattern and causes of death is important to monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of health policies and programs. The objective of this study was to assess t...

    Authors: Irene R. Mremi, Susan F. Rumisha, Mercy G. Chiduo, Chacha D. Mangu, Denna M. Mkwashapi, Coleman Kishamawe, Emanuel P. Lyimo, Isolide S. Massawe, Lucas E. Matemba, Veneranda M. Bwana and Leonard E. G. Mboera

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2018 16:16

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  20. Content type: Research

    It is widely recognized that there are multiple risk factors for early-life mortality. In practice most interventions to curb early-life mortality target births based on a single risk factor, such as poverty. ...

    Authors: Antonio P. Ramos, Robert E. Weiss and Jody S. Heymann

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2018 16:15

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  21. Content type: Research

    The EQ-5D has been frequently used in national health surveys. This study is a head-to-head comparison to assess how expanding the number of levels from three (EQ-5D-3L) to five in the new EQ-5D-5L version has...

    Authors: Marc Martí-Pastor, Angels Pont, Mónica Ávila, Olatz Garin, Gemma Vilagut, Carlos G. Forero, Yolanda Pardo, Ricard Tresserras, Antonia Medina-Bustos, Oriol Garcia-Codina, Juan Cabasés, Luis Rajmil, Jordi Alonso and Montse Ferrer

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2018 16:14

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  22. Content type: Research

    The under-5 mortality rate (U5MR) is an important metric of child health and survival. Country-level estimates of U5MR are readily available, but efforts to estimate U5MR subnationally have been limited, in pa...

    Authors: Laura Dwyer-Lindgren, Ellen R. Squires, Stephanie Teeple, Gloria Ikilezi, D. Allen Roberts, Danny V. Colombara, Sarah Katherine Allen, Stanley M. Kamande, Nicholas Graetz, Abraham D. Flaxman, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Kristjana Asbjornsdottir, Gilbert Asiimwe, Ângelo Augusto, Orvalho Augusto, Baltazar Chilundo…

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2018 16:13

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  23. Content type: Research

    Long-term, low-level exposure to toxic elements in soil may be harmful to human health but large longitudinal cohort studies with sufficient follow-up time to study these effects are cost-prohibitive and impra...

    Authors: Jack E. Gibson, E. Louise Ander, Mark Cave, Fiona Bath-Hextall, Anwar Musah and Jo Leonardi-Bee

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2018 16:12

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  24. Content type: Research

    Many health programs can assess coverage using standardized cluster survey methods, but estimating the coverage of nutrition programs presents a special challenge due to low disease prevalence. Used since 2012...

    Authors: Sheila Isanaka, Bethany L. Hedt-Gauthier, Rebecca F. Grais and Ben G. S. Allen

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2018 16:11

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  25. Content type: Research

    Deaths in developing countries often occur outside health facilities, making it extremely difficult to gather reliable cause of death (COD) information. Automated COD assignment using a verbal autopsy instrume...

    Authors: Riley H. Hazard, Nurul Alam, Hafizur Rahman Chowdhury, Tim Adair, Saidul Alam, Peter Kim Streatfield, Ian Douglas Riley and Alan D. Lopez

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2018 16:10

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  26. Content type: Research

    In the United States, diabetes has increased rapidly, exceeding prior predictions. Projections of the future diabetes burden need to reflect changes in incidence, mortality, and demographics. We applied the mo...

    Authors: Ji Lin, Theodore J. Thompson, Yiling J. Cheng, Xiaohui Zhuo, Ping Zhang, Edward Gregg and Deborah B. Rolka

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2018 16:9

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  27. Content type: Research

    Knowledge regarding the geographical distribution of diseases is essential in public health in order to define strategies to improve the health of populations and quality of life.

    Authors: Rita Roquette, Baltazar Nunes and Marco Painho

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2018 16:6

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  28. Content type: Research

    To propose health system strategies to meeting the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on HIV screening through antenatal care (ANC) services, we assessed predictors of HIV screening, and simulated...

    Authors: Charbel El Bcheraoui, Paola Zúñiga-Brenes, Diego Ríos-Zertuche, Erin B. Palmisano, Claire R. McNellan, Sima S. Desai, Marielle C. Gagnier, Annie Haakenstad, Casey Johanns, Alexandra Schaefer, Bernardo Hernandez, Emma Iriarte and Ali H. Mokdad

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2018 16:5

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  29. Content type: Research

    Sepsis has represented a substantial health care and economic burden worldwide during the previous several decades. Our aim was to analyze the epidemiological trends of hospital admissions, deaths, hospital re...

    Authors: Alejandro Álvaro-Meca, María A. Jiménez-Sousa, Dariela Micheloud, Ainhoa Sánchez-Lopez, María Heredia-Rodríguez, Eduardo Tamayo and Salvador Resino

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2018 16:4

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  30. Content type: Research

    There is increasing interest in using verbal autopsy to produce nationally representative population-level estimates of causes of death. However, the burden of processing a large quantity of surveys collected ...

    Authors: Abraham D. Flaxman, Andrea Stewart, Jonathan C. Joseph, Nurul Alam, Sayed Saidul Alam, Hafizur Chowdhury, Meghan D. Mooney, Rasika Rampatige, Hazel Remolador, Diozele Sanvictores, Peter T. Serina, Peter Kim Streatfield, Veronica Tallo, Christopher J. L. Murray, Bernardo Hernandez, Alan D. Lopez…

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2018 16:3

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  31. Content type: Research

    Excessive alcohol consumption and alcohol-impaired driving remain significant public health problems, leading to considerable morbidity and mortality, particularly among younger populations.

    Authors: Jacob E. Sunshine, Laura Dwyer-Lindgren, Alan Chen, Sam R. Sharar, Erin B. Palmisano, Eileen M. Bulger and Ali H. Mokdad

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2018 16:2

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  32. Content type: Research

    The list experiment is a promising measurement tool for eliciting truthful responses to stigmatized or sensitive health behaviors. However, investigators may be hesitant to adopt the method due to previously u...

    Authors: Heidi Moseson, Caitlin Gerdts, Christine Dehlendorf, Robert A. Hiatt and Eric Vittinghoff

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:40

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  33. Content type: Research

    Reliable data on cause of death (COD) are fundamental for planning and resource allocation priorities. We used GBD 2015 estimates to examine levels and trends for the leading causes of death in Brazil from 199...

    Authors: Elisabeth B. França, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Bruce B. Duncan, Antonio Luiz P. Ribeiro, Mark D. C. Guimarães, Daisy M.X. Abreu, Ana Maria N. Vasconcelos, Mariângela Carneiro, Renato Teixeira, Paulo Camargos, Ana Paula S. Melo, Bernardo L. Queiroz, Maria Inês Schmidt, Lenice Ishitani, Roberto Marini Ladeira…

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:39

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  34. Content type: Research

    Individual-level studies support a positive relation between walkable built environments and participation in moderate-intensity walking. However, the utility of this evidence for population-level planning is ...

    Authors: Darren J. Mayne, Geoffrey G. Morgan, Bin B. Jalaludin and Adrian E. Bauman

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:38

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  35. Content type: Research

    Valid and comparable cause of death (COD) statistics are crucial for health policy analyses. Variations in COD assignment across geographical areas are well-documented while socio-institutional factors may aff...

    Authors: Jiaying Zhao, Edward Jow-Ching Tu and Chi-kin Law

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:37

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  36. Content type: Research

    The vital registration system in Myanmar has a long history and geographical coverage is currently high. However, a recent assessment of vital registration systems of 148 countries showed poor performance of t...

    Authors: Myitzu Tin Oung, Kerry Richter, Pramote Prasartkul and Viroj Tangcharoensathien

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:34

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  37. Content type: Review

    During the previous century the average lifespan in the United States (US) increased by over 30 years, with much of this increase attributed to public health initiatives. This report examines further gains tha...

    Authors: Scott R. Kegler, Grant T. Baldwin, Rose A. Rudd and Michael F. Ballesteros

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:32

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  38. Content type: Research

    Ethiopia lacks a complete vital registration system that would assist in measuring disease burden and risk factors. We used the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) estim...

    Authors: Awoke Misganaw, Tilahun N. Haregu, Kebede Deribe, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Amare Deribew, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Azmeraw T. Amare, Semaw Ferede Abera, Molla Gedefaw, Muluken Dessalegn, Yihunie Lakew, Tolesa Bekele, Mesoud Mohammed, Biruck Desalegn Yirsaw, Solomon Abrha Damtew, Kristopher J. Krohn…

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:29

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  39. Content type: Research

    Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) provide a summary measure of health and can be a critical input to guide health systems, investments, and priority-setting in Ethiopia. We aimed to determine the leading ...

    Authors: Awoke Misganaw, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Amare Deribew, Kebede Deribe, Semaw Ferede Abera, Muluken Dessalegn, Yihunie Lakew, Tolesa Bekele, Tilahun N. Haregu, Azmeraw T. Amare, Molla Gedefaw, Mesoud Mohammed, Biruck Desalegn Yirsaw, Solomon Abrha Damtew, Tom Achoki…

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:28

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  40. Content type: Research

    Reliable data on causes of death form the basis for building evidence on health policy, planning, monitoring, and evaluation. In Ethiopia, the majority of deaths occur at home and civil registration systems ar...

    Authors: Yigzaw Kebede, Gashaw Andargie, Abebaw Gebeyehu, Tadesse Awoke, Mezgebu Yitayal, Solomon Mekonnen, Mamo Wubshet, Temesgen Azmeraw, Yihunie Lakew and Kassahun Alemu

    Citation: Population Health Metrics 2017 15:27

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